Asisstant U.S. Attorneys assigned to the Criminal Division are located in both the Charlotte and Asheville offices. The crimes prosecuted by Assistant United States Attorneys assigned to the Criminal Division cover a wide range of criminal activities, including drug trafficking and other OCDETF cases, firearms violations, corporate and financial institution fraud, bankruptcy fraud, mail fraud, healthcare fraud, computer fraud, public corruption, money laundering, terrorism, tax violations, securities fraud, child pornography, immigration offenses, environmental crimes, civil rights violations, federal wildlife violations, and any of the more than 900 federal offenses that have been codified by Congress.
Because the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians, the largest Indian Reservation east of the Mississippi, is located within the Western District of North Carolina, an AUSA is designated as the Tribal Liaison and is responsible for all prosecutions which occur on Indian lands which constitute Indian country under federal law. By Act of Congress, most serious offenses involving Native Americans which take place in Indian country must be prosecuted in federal court under the Major Crimes Act, the Assimilative Crimes Act, or other federal statutes.