Accessibility in Voting
The Justice Department has created and compiled the following resources to ensure that voters with disabilities have an equal opportunity to exercise their right to vote.
Americans with Disabilities Act
- The ADA Checklist for Polling Places 2016 provides guidance to election officials for determining whether a polling place is accessible to voters with disabilities. Additional guidance, Solutions for Five Common ADA Access Problems at Polling Places, provides a brief discussion of physical barriers in commonly found areas in polling places, such as parking areas, and temporary solutions to address access at those areas.
- The Americans with Disabilities Act and Other Federal Laws Protecting the Rights of Voters with Disabilities (justice.gov) provides guidance to states, counties, cities, election officials, poll workers, and voters on how the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and other federal laws help ensure that people with disabilities have an equal opportunity to vote.
- How to File an ADA Complaint: If you believe that you or someone else was discriminated against based on a disability while registering to vote or voting, you can file an ADA complaint with the Civil Rights Division.
Analyzing Barriers to Voting for People with Disabilities
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) within the Department of Commerce is evaluating the steps needed to ensure that the online Federal Voter Registration Form is accessible to people with disabilities. NIST—in consultation with the Department of Justice, the Election Assistance Commission, and other agencies—is also analyzing barriers to private and independent voting for people with disabilities, including access to voter registration, voting technology, voting by mail, polling locations, and poll worker training. Find out more here: https://www.nist.gov/itl/voting/executive-order-promoting-access-voting
A Disability Advocacy Resource in Each State, Territory, and the Four Corners Region
The National Disability Rights Network is the nonprofit membership organization for the federally mandated Protection and Advocacy (P&A) Systems and Client Assistance Programs (CAP). The P&A/CAP network provides legally based advocacy services to people with disabilities in the United States, including in the area of voting rights. There is a P&A/CAP agency in every state and U.S. territory as well as one serving the Native American population in the four corners region. Your state, territory, or the four corners region P&A/CAP can be found at: NDRN Member Agencies - P&A - CAP | NDRN.