Roles in Civil Legal Systems

Roles in Civil Legal Systems

Most countries use the civil law system, but the United States uses the common law system. Because of this difference in systems, it can be confusing for U.S. victims of overseas terrorism to understand their role in the civil law system. In the civil law system, victims may be able to be a party to the case. This is called being a “party civille”. In the common law system, crime victims are not parties to the criminal case, but their interests are represented by the State through the prosecutor’s office. Please scroll over the pictures below to read a little about each job in the civil law system. Not all legal systems are exactly alike and there will be some differences between the information below and the country in question. For more details, please see our Introduction to International Legal Systems brochure.

Private Counsel/Attorney
Private Counsel/Attorney
Other Government Employees
Other Government Employees
Court
Court
Victim
Victim
Prosecutor
Prosecutor
Police
Police

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