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Press Release

Former E-Commerce Executive Charged with Price Fixing in the Antitrust Division's First Online Marketplace Prosecution

For Immediate Release
Office of Public Affairs

A former executive of an e-commerce seller of posters, prints and framed art has agreed to plead guilty for conspiring to fix the prices of posters sold online, the Department of Justice announced.

A one-count felony charge was filed today in the U.S. District Court of the Northern District of California in San Francisco against David Topkins.  According to the charge, Topkins and his co-conspirators fixed the prices of certain posters sold online through Amazon Marketplace from as early as September 2013 until in or about January 2014.  Topkins also has agreed to pay a $20,000 criminal fine and cooperate with the department’s ongoing investigation.  The plea agreement is subject to court approval.

“Today’s announcement represents the division’s first criminal prosecution against a conspiracy specifically targeting e-commerce,” said Assistant Attorney General Bill Baer of the Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division.  “We will not tolerate anticompetitive conduct, whether it occurs in a smoke-filled room or over the Internet using complex pricing algorithms.  American consumers have the right to a free and fair marketplace online, as well as in brick and mortar businesses."

According to the charge, Topkins and his co-conspirators agreed to fix the prices of certain posters sold in the United States through Amazon Marketplace.  To implement their agreements, the defendant and his co-conspirators adopted specific pricing algorithms for the sale of certain posters with the goal of coordinating changes to their respective prices and wrote computer code that instructed algorithm-based software to set prices in conformity with this agreement.  

“These charges demonstrate our continued commitment to investigate and prosecute individuals and organizations seeking to victimize online consumers through illegal anticompetitive conduct,” said Special Agent in Charge David J. Johnson of the FBI’s San Francisco Field Office.  “The FBI is committed to investigating price fixing schemes and remains unwavering in our dedication to bring those responsible for theses illegal conspiracies to justice.”                   

Topkins is charged with price fixing in violation of the Sherman Act, which carries a maximum sentence of 10 years and a fine of $1 million for individuals.  The maximum fine for an individual may be increased to twice the gain derived from the crime or twice the loss suffered by the victims of the crime, if either of those amounts is greater than the statutory maximum fine.

This prosecution arose from an ongoing federal antitrust investigation into price fixing in the online wall décor industry, which is being conducted by the Antitrust Division’s San Francisco Office with the assistance of the FBI’s San Francisco Field Office.  Anyone with information on price fixing or other anticompetitive conduct related to other products in the wall décor industry should contact the Antitrust Division’s Citizen Complaint Center at 888-647-3258 or visit

Topkins Information

Updated February 4, 2016

Press Release Number: 15-421