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Criminal Resource Manual

31. Electronic Surveillance—Statutory Authority and Legislative History

The Federal electronic surveillance statutes (commonly referred to collectively as "Title III") were originally enacted as Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, Pub.L. 90-351, 82 Stat. 197 (June 19, 1968)("Title III"), and they have been substantially amended and updated as part of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986, Pub.L. 99-508, 100 Stat. 1848 (October 21, 1986)("ECPA"), the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, Pub.L. 103-414, 108 Stat. 4279 (October 24, 1994)("CALEA"), and the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Pub.L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214 (April 24, 1996)("Antiterrorism Act"). These statutes are codified, inter alia, at 18 U.S.C. § 2510, et seq.

A partial legislative history for Title III, ECPA, CALEA, and the Antiterrorism Act may be found in, respectively: S.Rep. No. 1097, 90th Cong., 2d Sess. (1968), reprinted in 1968

U.S. Code Cong. & Admin. News ("U.S.C.C.A.N.") 2112 (Title III); S.Rep. No. 541, 99th Cong., 2d Sess. (1986), reprinted in 1986 U.S.C.C.A.N. 3555 (ECPA); S.Rep. No. 402, 103d Cong., 2d Sess. (1994), reprinted in 1994 U.S.C.C.A.N. 3489 (CALEA); and

H.R. Rep. No. 518, 104th Cong., 2d Sess. (1996), reprinted in ____ U.S.C.C.A.N. ____ (Antiterrorism Act).

[cited in USAM 9-7.100]