Ensuring Accountability for Human Rights Violations and Extraterritorial Violent Crime
Where U.S. federal jurisdiction exists, HRSP seeks to prosecute human rights violators under the federal criminal statutes proscribing torture, war crimes, genocide, and recruitment or use of child soldiers. The Section also prosecutes human rights violators under U.S. civil immigration and naturalization laws in order to revoke U.S. citizenship or other legal status. Defendants in these cases include both participants in World War II-era Nazi-sponsored acts of persecution and persons who perpetrated more recent human rights violations. HRSP works closely with the Department of Homeland Security and with the FBI to identify, investigate, and prosecute alleged human rights violators.
In addition, HRSP prosecutes certain other cases of crimes of violence committed abroad, particularly crimes that fall under the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act (MEJA). In its MEJA enforcement work, HRSP coordinates and participates in investigations and prosecutions of individuals employed by or supporting United States military forces overseas who commit murder, sex crimes, and other federal felony offenses. Similarly, HRSP investigates and prosecutes cases involving violent crimes that fall under the Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction of the United States.
Protecting the Integrity of U.S. Borders
HRSP investigates and prosecutes complex immigration offenses that undermine the integrity of our nation's borders, particularly international criminal networks involved in smuggling of persons and trafficking in fraudulent travel and identification documents. HRSP places particular emphasis on dismantling those international networks that terrorists and other criminals could exploit to enter the United States without detection.
Interagency and International Work
HRSP is part of a coordinated, interagency effort to deny safe haven in the United States to human rights violators. HRSP works closely with the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of State, among other agencies, to identify such individuals and prevent them from entering the United States.
HRSP participates in various domestic and international initiatives that pertain to its mission. The Section works with other DOJ components and other federal agencies to enhance the security of the United States. The Section is also active in various bilateral and multilateral fora, and it provides assistance to foreign governments and intergovernmental organizations as appropriate.