In the Asia and Pacific region, the International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) is helping police forces adapt to a wide range of contemporary law enforcement challenges. A major focus of ICITAP's programs in the region is supporting efforts to combat terrorism and transnational crime enterprises by building capacity to conduct complex criminal investigations.
The trans-border nature of these challenges has led ICITAP to embrace a regional approach in many of its assistance programs throughout Asia and the Pacific. For instance, ICITAP participates in the DOD-funded, interagency Southeast Asia Tri-border Initiative (SATI) to deter terrorist recruitment and deny terrorists sanctuary in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
ICITAP programs in the region are funded by the State Department's Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL); the U.S. Agency for International Development; the Department of Defense; and the joint State- and Defense-funded Global Security Contingency Fund (GSCF).
Learn more about ICITAP's programs in this region (*indicates field office):
ICITAP’s program in Bangladesh began in 2003. Today, ICITAP works to help the police be more effective in combating crime and extremism, and strengthen governance in vulnerable areas. The program incorporates a strong community engagement and human rights philosophy in all of its training efforts in order to help support the development of positive police-community relationships.
ICITAP began working in Indonesia in 2000 to assist the national police to transition from a military to a civilian law enforcement agency. Today, the program is ICITAP’s largest police assistance effort in Asia and provides organizational development, system and policy enhancement, training, technical assistance, and limited equipment donations to the Indonesian National Police (INP). ICITAP also supports the development of several other Indonesian law enforcement agencies and ministries, including the Financial Reporting and Transaction Analysis Center; and the Ministries of Fisheries, Finance, Foreign Affairs, and Women’s Empowerment.
ICITAP has worked in Nepal since 2007, providing technical assistance, training, and equipment for the Nepal Police (NP) and Armed Police Force (APF). ICITAP’s program focuses on increasing police capabilities to investigate those responsible for organized crime, corruption, and trafficking; advance and improve NP and the AFP capabilities and capacities to investigate serious crimes, apprehend criminals, and impact criminal activity; develop organizational sustainability; and effectively and efficiently manage a large, complex police agency.
Since 2002, ICITAP has been working to increase the capacity of Pakistan's law enforcement agencies to combat major criminal activities and terrorist threats. ICITAP trains all ranks of the Pakistan police force in modern policing practices. ICITAP teamed up with the Federal Bureau of Investigation; the State Department's Anti-Terrorism Training program; and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives to develop and deliver an ongoing training program designed to address the threat of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Training focuses on IED recognition, post-blast investigation, and implementation of effective command and control at the scene of bombings.
ICITAP's program in the Philippines began in 2006 with an emphasis on helping the Philippine National Police (PNP) as they transitioned from a military constabulary force to a wholly civilian police force. ICITAP developed 26 model police stations across the country, initiated and equipped a modern crime laboratory in the conflict area of Mindanao, and supported the maritime police by providing boats, equipment, and specialized training. Today’s focus is on developing PNP training institutions, including the Philippine National Police Academy and the National Police College, while providing assistance to significantly upgrade investigative, information systems, police intelligence, and organizational policy-making capacities.
Selected Past Programs
In 2015, ICITAP concluded a Department of Defense-funded program with the Afghan counternarcotics police. ICITAP assisted in the implementation of a sustainable development strategy focusing on basic skills, counternarcotics tactics, leadership, policy development, and administration.
ICITAP's program in Thailand began in September 2008. Working with the U.S. embassy's Transnational Crime Affairs Section, the program focused on building capacity for basic and complex investigations, supervision and management of the investigative process, forensic analysis of evidence, and community policing. In addition, training on explosives identification, crisis management, and other topics was designed to improve the law enforcement response to terrorism.
From 2015–2017, ICITAP delivered a forensic assistance program to assist the government as well as private DNA laboratories to build their capacity to use DNA in the identification of unidentified war-era remains. There are over 300,000 unidentified remains in government cemeteries as a legacy of the Vietnam War.