Facts and Statistics

Facts and Statistics

2017 Hate Crime Statistics Released

The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program serves as the national repository for crime data collected by law enforcement.

2017 Hate Crime Statistics

Reported yearly, the 2017 data, submitted by 16,149 law enforcement agencies (up 5.9% from 15,254 agencies in 2016), provide information about the offenses, victims, and locations of hate crimes. Of these agencies, 2,040 reported 7,175 hate crime incidents involving 8,437 offenses.

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Given the Hate Crimes Statistics Act and its amendments, two of the main sources for national hate crimes data are below. These two data sources both collect data on hate crimes but have different approaches.

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

Data collected from a nationally representative sample of households that are interviewed twice a year about criminal victimization.

U.S. Department of Justice
BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS

Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program

Data reported by law enforcement agencies directly to the FBI.

U.S. Department of Justice
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION

The BJS NCVS is collected from a nationally representative sample of households that are interviewed twice a year about criminal victimization. The instrument collects data on frequency, characteristics and consequences of rape, sexual assault, assault, theft, motor vehicle theft, and household burglary. This information is based on nonfatal crimes and does not matter whether they were reported to the police.

The FBI UCR Hate Crime Statistics are reported by law enforcement directly to the FBI. This data provides the number of incidents, victims, and offenders in hate and bias-related crimes where the crime is fully or partially motivated by the bias.

Get the latest information on criminal victimization

Get an overview of the FBI’s latest hate crimes statistics

Find the FBI's latest hate crimes statistics

Find hate crime data by state, city, university or college, county, tribal agency, or other agencies

Find data on state, city, university or college, county, tribal agency, or other agencies that did not report any hate crime data

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Development of Federal Hate Crimes Statistics – A Timeline:

  • April 23, 1990: In response to a growing concern about hate crimes, Congress passed the Hate Crime Statistics Act which required data collection “about crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity.”
  • From 1994 to 2009, several amendments were made to the Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990:
    • 1994: Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act added bias crime based on disability.
    • 1996: Church Arson Prevention Act made hate crime statistics a permanent addition to the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.
    • 2009: Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act added gender and gender identity biases, as well as hate crime committed by or directed against juveniles.
  • In 2013: The director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) approved the Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board’s recommendation to expand the religion category by adding seven new religions and an anti-Arab bias motivation to the Hate Crime Statistics.

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