Facts and Statistics

Facts and Statistics

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2018 Hate Crime Statistics Released

The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program serves as the national repository for crime data voluntarily submitted by law enforcement.

2018 FBI Hate Crime Statistics

Law enforcement agencies across the U.S. can voluntarily report data on hate crimes annually. In 2018, 16,039 law enforcement agencies submitted data on hate crimes. Participating agencies provide information about the offenses, victims, and locations of hate crimes.

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At the federal level, the Hate Crimes Statistics Act and its amendments authorize hate crimes reporting and data collection. Two main sources for national hate crimes data are the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. The two data sources use different approaches to collect information on hate crimes to provide a comprehensive understanding of hate crimes in the U.S.

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

Data collected from a nationally representative sample of households that are interviewed twice a year about criminal victimization.

U.S. Department of Justice
BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS (BJS)

Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program

Data reported by law enforcement agencies directly to the FBI.

U.S. Department of Justice
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI)

The BJS NCVS is collected from a nationally representative sample of households that are interviewed twice a year about criminal victimization. The survey collects data on frequency, characteristics and consequences of rape, sexual assault, assault, theft, motor vehicle theft, and household burglary. This information is based on nonfatal crimes and includes crimes reported to law enforcement and unreported crimes.

The FBI UCR Hate Crime Statistics are reported by law enforcement directly to the FBI. This data provides the number of incidents, victims, and offenders in hate and bias-related crimes where the crime is fully or partially motivated by the bias.

Get the latest information on criminal victimization

Find detailed information from the FBI's latest hate crimes statistics

 

 
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Development of Federal Hate Crimes Statistics – A Timeline:

  • April 23, 1990: In response to a growing concern about hate crimes, Congress passed the Hate Crime Statistics Act which required data collection “about crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity.”
  • From 1994 to 2009, several amendments were made to the Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990:
    • 1994: Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act added bias crime based on disability.
    • 1996: Church Arson Prevention Act made hate crime statistics a permanent addition to the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.
    • 2009: Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act added gender and gender identity biases, as well as hate crime committed by or directed against juveniles.
  • In 2013: The director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) approved the Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board’s recommendation to expand the religion category by adding seven new religions and an anti-Arab bias motivation to the Hate Crime Statistics.

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