Facts and Statistics

A graphic that reads, "2021 FBI Hate Crimes Statistics"

FBI Releases 2021 Hate Crime Statistics

The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program serves as the national repository for crime data voluntarily collected and submitted by law enforcement. Its primary objective is to generate reliable information for use in law enforcement administration, operation, and management. The 2021 hate crimes data*, submitted by 11,834 law enforcement agencies, provide information about the offenses, victims, offenders, and locations of hate crimes. Of these agencies who submitted incident reports, there were 7,262 hate crime incidents involving 8,673 offenses.

*This is the first year the annual hate crimes statistics are reported entirely through the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). As a result of the shift to NIBRS-only data collection, law enforcement agency participation in submitting all crime statistics, including hate crimes, fell significantly from 2020 to 2021. Law enforcement agencies that did not transition to reporting crime data through NIBRS were not able to submit hate crime statistics to the FBI. Several of the nation’s largest law enforcement agencies, as well as some states, did not make the transition to NIBRS in time to submit data prior to the reporting deadline, and are not included in the 2021 reported totals. As more agencies transition to the NIBRS data collection with continued support from the Justice Department, hate crime statistics in coming years will provide a richer and more complete picture of hate crimes nationwide.

 


Victims of Hate Crime Incidents
  • 7,074 single-bias incidents involved 8,753 victims
  • In 188 incidents, a total of 271 victims were targeted because of more than one bias

Bias Motivation Categories for Victims of Single-bias Incidents in 2021

A pie chart showing the bias motivation categories for victims of single-bias incidents in 2021
 

Bias Motivation Categories for Victims of Single-bias Incidents in 2021

A bar graph showing the bias motivation categories for victims of single-bias incidents in 2021

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Offenses by Crime Category

Known Offenders

Location Type

Among the 8,673 hate crime offenses reported:

  • Crimes against persons: 66.7%
  • Crimes against property: 30.0%
  • Crimes against society: 3.3%

Of the 6,312 known offenders:

  • 56.1% were White
  • 21.3% were Black or African American
  • 13.5% race unknown

Other races accounted for the remaining known offenders.

Of the 4,884 known offenders for whom ethnicity was reported:

  • 7.6% were Hispanic or Latino
  • 8.9% were in a group of multiple ethnicities
  • 28.1% ethnicity unknown

Of the 5,757 known offenders for whom ages were known:

  • 82.3% were 18 years of age or older

Law enforcement agencies may specify the location of an offense within a hate crime incident as 1 of 46 location designations.

  • Most hate crime incidents, 32.2%, occurred in or near residences/homes
  • 16.9% occurred on highways/roads/alleys/streets/ sidewalks
  • 8.1% occurred at schools/colleges
  • 7.0% happened in parking/drop lots/garages
  • 2.8% took place in restaurants
  • 2.7% occurred at parks/playgrounds
  • The location was reported as other/unknown of 4.2% of hate crime incidents

The remaining 26.1% of hate crime incidents took place at other or multiple locations.


Federal Bureau of Investigation
Crime Data Explorer

Crime Data Explorer logo
The FBI's Crime Data Explorer (CDE) aims to provide transparency, create easier access, and expand awareness of criminal, and noncriminal, law enforcement data sharing; improve accountability for law enforcement; and provide a foundation to help shape public policy with the result of a safer nation. Use the CDE to discover available data through visualizations, download data in .csv format, and other large data files. The CDE also features hate crime statistics (see the "read more" link below).

 

READ MORE


Visit the 2020 and 2019 Hate Crime Statistics pages to view FBI hate crimes data for 2020 and 2019.


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Bias Motivation Categories for Victims of Single-bias Incidents in 2021: This is a pie chart showing the percentage of bias motivation categories for victims of single-bias incidents in 2020. They are as follows:

Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry 64.8%
Religion 13.3%
Sexual Orientation 15.6%
Gender Identity 3.6%
Disability 1.7%
Gender 1.0%

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Single-bias Incident Bias Motivations by Category: This is a bar chart showing the 2021 data for bias motivation categories for single bias incidents. They are as follows:

Bias Motivation Categories 2021
Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry 4,470
Religion 1,005
Sexual Orientation 1,127
Gender Identity 266
Disability 134
Gender 72
Total 7,074

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Updated December 13, 2022

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