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Justice News

Department of Justice
U.S. Attorney’s Office
Eastern District of Virginia

Tuesday, July 1, 2014

U.S. Leader Of Sophisticated, Violent Fraudulent Document Ring Sentenced To More Than 11 Years For Racketeering, Attempted Robbery, And Money Laundering

RICHMOND, Va. – Manuel Hidalgo Flores, 40, a Mexican National who resided in Pawtucket, Rhode Island was sentenced earlier today to 135 months’ imprisonment for his role in a violent criminal organization that specialized in manufacturing and distributing fraudulent identifications.  Hidalgo Flores previously pleaded guilty to Conspiracy to Engage in Racketeering, Interference with Commerce by Robbery, and Conspiracy to Launder Money.  Further, the defendant is illegally within the United States and faces deportation following the service of his prison sentences.

Dana J. Boente, United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia; and Clark Settles, Special Agent in Charge for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), made the announcement after the 135 month sentence was handed down by Senior United States District Judge James R. Spencer.

According to court papers, this defendant is connected to a Fraudulent Document Enterprise (FDE) previously prosecuted in the Eastern District of Virginia in United States v. Israel Cruz Millan, Case No. 3:10CR308.  The FDE which originally operated in the United States beginning prior to 2008 and continuing through November 18, 2010, had cells in Richmond, Norfolk, Virginia Beach, and Manassas, Virginia; Fayetteville and Little Rock, Arkansas; New Haven, Connecticut; Mishawaka, Indiana; Lexington and Louisville, Kentucky; Chelsea, Massachusetts; St. Louis, Missouri; Chapel Hill, Greensboro, Raleigh, and Wilmington, North Carolina; Cincinnati, Ohio; Providence, Rhode Island; and, Nashville, Tennessee.   The criminal enterprise was dismantled within the United States on November 18, 2010.  In the prior case and connected prosecutions, a total of 30 defendants were convicted.  On February 16, 2012, United States District Judge James R. Spencer sentenced the overall leader, Israel Cruz Millan to 300 months’ imprisonment.   On March 2, 2012, United States District Judge Henry E. Hudson sentenced Oliverez-Jiminez to two consecutive life terms in prison, after his conviction by a jury for racketeering, murder, kidnapping, conspiracy to commit money laundering, and conspiracy to produce and transfer false identification documents.

In connection with his previous guilty plea, Hidalgo Flores admitted to his role in restarting and leading the FDE’s continued criminal activities in the United States following the 2010 arrests described above.  Beginning at some point prior to February 2012, Hidalgo Flores, also known as “Chino,” “Chimuelo” and “Julio,” began managing the organization’s operations in the United States, supervising operations in Richmond, Virginia; Springdale, Arkansas; Boston, Massachusetts; Raleigh, North Carolina; Cincinnati, Ohio; and Pawtucket, Rhode Island.  As in the previous case, the FDE produced high-quality false identification cards for distribution to illegal aliens.  In most cities where the organization operated, Hidalgo Flores placed a cell manager to supervise a number of “runners,” the lower level members of the organization who distributed business cards advertising the organization’s services and helped facilitate transactions with customers.

Within each cell supervised by Hidalgo Flores, the cell manager was responsible for distributing the fraudulent documents using information obtained from clients by “runners.”  The runners would recruit illegal alien clients who wished to obtain false identification documents, including counterfeit Permanent Resident Alien Cards (also known as “Green Cards”), Social Security Cards, out-of-state identification cards, and various international documents.  Upon identifying a specific client, a runner would relay identifying information and photographs from the client to the printer via cellular telephone or other method.  The printer would, in turn, use a computer and printer to create fraudulent identification documents for the client, depending on the nature of the order received from the client.  Once the documents were complete, the runner would usually provide the documents to the client in exchange for United States currency.  A client would generally pay approximately $150 for a set of fraudulent identification documents (such as a Permanent Resident Alien Card and Social Security Card).  Each cell maintained detailed sales records and divided the proceeds between the runner, the cell manager, and the upper level managers in Mexico.  In addition, the FDE used Western Union and MoneyGram to funnel criminal proceeds to Mexico.

The evidence during the Oliverez-Jiminez trial detailed how members of the organization sought to drive competitors from their territory by posing as customers in search of fraudulent documents and then attacking the competitors when they arrived to make a sale.  In the current case, Hidalgo Flores admitted to his role in targeting a competitor in the Richmond, Virginia area on October 6, 2013.  This defendant, along with others, identified a competitor (referred to as “L.G.”) who was selling fraudulent documents in competition with the Richmond cell.  A co-defendant posed as a customer and contacted L.G. about setting up a fraudulent documents transaction.  L.G. then met with the co-defendant at a designated location.  At the same time, Hidalgo Flores, along with other FDE members, were surveilling the transaction.  The defendants planned to follow competitor L.G. after the transaction to find where he (L.G.) produced fraudulent identification documents.  The group intended to assault L.G. and steal L.G.’s printing equipment by means of actual and threatened force, violence, and fear of injury.  Through this planned conduct, FDE members hoped to stop L.G. from selling fraudulent identification documents and to enhance the FDE’s control of the Richmond area fraudulent document market.  Unbeknownst to the FDE members, law enforcement officers were also surveilling the October 6, 2013 transaction.  Due to law enforcement intervention, competitor L.G. was detained during a traffic stop and the FDE members fled the area.  According to his plea documents, Hidalgo Flores admitted that absent law enforcement intervention, he and his cohorts would have carried out their plan against L.G.

To date, 42 members of this organization charged in the Richmond, Virginia federal cases have been convicted.  In the current case, 11 defendants are awaiting sentencing, with their hearings scheduled before Judge Spencer over the next two months.

The case was investigated by the Richmond and Norfolk offices of ICE’s Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), which falls under the Washington, D.C., office.  ICE HSI received assistance from the Virginia State Police, Chesterfield County Police Department, and Henrico County Police Department.  Assistant United States Attorney Michael Gill and Trial Attorney Maria Gonzalez Calvet, of the Criminal Division's Fraud Section, are prosecuting the case on behalf of the United States

A copy of this press release may be found on the website of the United States Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Virginia at Related court documents and information may be found on the website of the District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia at or on

Updated March 25, 2015