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Press Release

Justice Department Settles With Florida’s Volusia County School District To Protect Students With Disabilities From Classroom Removals And Other Discrimination

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, Middle District of Florida

WASHINGTON – The Justice Department announced today a settlement agreement with Florida’s Volusia County School District (VCS) to address the district’s systemic and discriminatory practices that punish students with disabilities for their disability-related behavior and deny them equal access to VCS’s programs and services.

The department conducted an investigation under Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) after the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Florida received a complaint from a local legal aid organization on behalf of several students, many of whom have Autism Spectrum Disorder. The complaint alleged that VCS unnecessarily excluded students with disabilities from the school’s education programs and services by regularly: (1) requiring parents or guardians to pick up their children with disabilities from school or to keep them home; (2) disciplining students for behavior resulting from their disability; and (3) engaging with law enforcement to remove students with disabilities, one as young as kindergarten age, from school.

The department’s investigation substantiated the allegations in the complaint, confirming that VCS had excluded students with disabilities from its programs and services through unnecessary removals from the classroom.  It also found that VCS staff often failed to implement necessary behavioral supports and lacked training on how to properly respond to students’ disability-related behavior. These issues led to the exclusion of students with disabilities from VCS’s programs and services and, at times, resulted in calls to law enforcement to remove students with disabilities from school, including through the misuse of Florida’s Baker Act procedures. The Baker Act permits the involuntary admission of a person with a mental illness to a psychiatric facility for up to 72 hours if certain criteria are met.

The settlement agreement requires VCS to revise its policies and practices, particularly those concerning attendance and removals, discipline, law enforcement involvement, and behavioral interventions and supports, to ensure that students with disabilities receive the protections to which they are entitled under the ADA. VCS also must provide staff training regarding the ADA and establish an ADA complaint procedure and tracking system.  Finally, the settlement requires VCS to retain an outside consultant and create a new, internal position responsible for evaluating VCS’s disciplinary practices and ensuring compliance with the settlement agreement. 

“Students should never be denied their education on the basis of disability, and we will not yield until the full measure of rights guaranteed by the ADA is a reality for all,” said Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke of the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division. “The department is committed to enforcing the law to make sure schools meet the needs and respect the rights of all their students.”

“We are appreciative that VCS cooperated with our investigation, recognized the opportunity to improve, and has committed to the successful implementation of our agreement,” said Acting U.S. Attorney Karin Hoppmann for the Middle District of Florida. “We look forward to working with the district to improve educational opportunities for all students.”

The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Florida worked in collaboration with the Civil Rights Division’s Disability Rights Section (DRS) to investigate this case.

The enforcement of Title II of the ADA in schools is a top priority of the department’s Civil Rights Division. Additional information about the Civil Rights Division is available on its website at, and additional information about the work of the DRS is available at  Members of the public may report possible civil rights violations at  Information about the Civil Rights Unit of the United States Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Florida and a complaint form for the unit can be found at

Updated August 11, 2021

Civil Rights
Disability Rights