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Press Release

Nevada Man Charged In $5 Million Investment Fraud Scheme

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, District of New Jersey

NEWARK, N.J. – A Nevada man was arrested today and charged with defrauding investors out of more than $5 million dollars, U.S. Attorney Paul J. Fishman announced.

Lee Vaccaro, 44, of Las Vegas, Nevada, was arrested by special agents of the FBI this morning and charged by complaint with one count of conspiracy to commit securities fraud and one count of securities fraud. He is scheduled to appear later today before U.S. Magistrate Judge Cathy L. Waldor in Newark federal court.

According to documents filed in this case and statements made in court:

Vaccaro and “Conspirator #1” allegedly sold investors interests in companies they controlled, and falsely represented to investors that the companies held warrants in eAgency, a California-based company developing mobile security products. Warrants are derivative securities that give the holder the right to purchase common stock at a specific price within a certain time frame.

Vaccaro and conspirator #1 allegedly made oral and written misrepresentations concerning the existence, number, validity, and term of eAgency warrants purportedly owned by the investment companies, as well as about the amount of money conspirator #1 had personally invested in and raised for eAgency, and conspirator #1’s current position at eAgency.

Vaccaro and conspirator #1 also allegedly created and showed to investors numerous forged documents purporting to reflect the issuance of warrants to entities controlled by Vaccaro, and the transfer of those warrants to a company controlled by conspirator #1. Most of the eAgency warrants purportedly transferred by Vaccaro to conspirator #1’s company had, in fact, never been issued.

Beginning in January 2011, the dollar amount of interests Vaccaro and conspirator #1 sold in the investment companies began to surpass the dollar amount of valid warrants held by the investment companies. Neither Vaccaro nor conspirator #1 disclosed to investors the risk that their investments would be diluted by the sale of additional interests in the companies.

Vaccaro and conspirator #1’s actions allegedly defrauded investors of more than $5 million.

The conspiracy to commit securities fraud count carries a maximum potential penalty of five years in prison and a fine of up to $250,000, or twice the gross amount of pecuniary gain or loss resulting from the offense. The securities fraud count carries a maximum potential penalty of 20 years in prison and a fine of up to $5 million.

U.S. Attorney Fishman credited special agents of the FBI, under the direction of Special Agent in Charge Timothy Gallagher in Newark, for the investigation. He also thanked the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s New York Regional Office, under the direction of Sanjay Wadhwa and the New Jersey Bureau of Securities, under the direction of Laura Posner.

The government is represented by Assistant U.S. Attorney Daniel Shapiro of the U.S. Attorney’s Office Economic Crimes Unit in Newark.

If you believe you are a victim of or otherwise have information concerning this alleged scheme, you are encouraged to contact the FBI at 973-792-3000.

The charges and allegations contained in the complaint are merely accusations, and the defendant is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty.

Today’s charges are part of efforts underway by President Obama’s Financial Fraud Enforcement Task Force. The task force was established to wage an aggressive, coordinated and proactive effort to investigate and prosecute financial crimes.  With more than 20 federal agencies, 94 U.S. attorneys’ offices, and state and local partners, it’s the broadest coalition of law enforcement, investigatory and regulatory agencies ever assembled to combat fraud.  Since its formation, the task force has made great strides in facilitating increased investigation and prosecution of financial crimes; enhancing coordination and cooperation among federal, state and local authorities; addressing discrimination in the lending and financial markets; and conducting outreach to the public, victims, financial institutions and other organizations.  Since fiscal year 2009, the Justice Department has filed over 18,000 financial fraud cases against more than 25,000 defendants.  For more information on the task force, please visit

Defense counsel: Robert C. Scrivo Esq., Newark               

Updated September 2, 2016

Securities, Commodities, & Investment Fraud
Press Release Number: 16-131