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Justice News

Department of Justice
U.S. Attorney’s Office
District of New Jersey

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Pennsylvania Man Sentenced To Two Years In Prison For His Role In $65 Million Stolen Identity Income Tax Refund Fraud Scheme

NEWARK, N.J. – A Hazleton, Pennsylvania, man was sentenced today to 24 months in prison for his role in one of the nation’s largest and longest-running stolen identity refund fraud schemes ever prosecuted, U.S. Attorney Paul J. Fishman announced.

Porfirio Paredes, 47, previously pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Claire C. Cecchi to an information charging him with one count of conspiracy to commit theft of government funds, one count of theft of government funds and one count of aggravated identity theft. Judge Cecchi imposed the sentence today in Newark federal court.

The conspiracy caused more than 8,000 fraudulent U.S. income tax returns to be filed, which sought more than $65 million in tax refunds and resulted in losses to the United States of more than $12 million.

According to documents filed in the case and statements made in court:

Stolen Identity Refund Fraud (SIRF) is a common type of fraud that results in over $2 billion in losses annually to the U.S. Treasury. SIRF schemes generally share a number of hallmarks:

  • SIRF perpetrators obtain personal identifying information, including Social Security numbers and dates of birth, from unwitting individuals, who often reside in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
  • SIRF participants complete Individual Income Tax Return 1040 Forms using the fraudulently obtained information and falsifying wages earned, taxes withheld and other data. Perpetrators use data to make it appear that the “taxpayers” listed on the fraudulent 1040 form are entitled to tax refunds – when in fact, the various tax withholdings indicated have not been paid and no refunds are due;
  • SIRF perpetrators direct the U.S. Treasury Department to issue the refunds through checks to locations they control or can access, in various ways;
  • SIRF perpetrators generate cash proceeds. Some sell the checks at a discount to face value. The buyers then cash the checks at banks or check cashing businesses or deposit them into bank accounts.

Federal law enforcement agencies, recognizing that SIRF was a serious problem, created a multi-agency task force in New Jersey comprised of investigators from the IRS and the U.S. Postal Inspection Service, along with the U.S. Secret Service, and with assistance from the Drug Enforcement Administration (the “New Jersey Task Force”).

An investigation led by the New Jersey Task Force with assistance from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Homeland Security Investigations has revealed that starting as early as 2007, dozens of individuals in the New Jersey and New York area have been engaged in a large-scale, long-running SIRF scheme.

Members of the conspiracy obtained personal identifiers, such as dates of birth and Social Security numbers, belonging to Puerto Rican citizens. They used those identifiers to create fake 1040 forms, which falsely reported wages purportedly earned by the “taxpayers” and taxes purportedly withheld, to create the appearance that the “taxpayers” were entitled to tax refunds. The returns were filed electronically. By tracing the specific IP addresses that submitted them, law enforcement officers learned just a handful of IP addresses created many of the fraudulent forms that led to the issuance of tax refund checks.

Paredes and the other members of the conspiracy then gained control of checks, sometimes bribing mail carriers to intercept checks and deliver them to other members of the conspiracy.  Paredes used conspirators in Michigan and North Carolina to negotiate the fraudulently obtained treasury checks that he bought and sold.

During the course of the investigation, members of the task force identified certain “hot spots” of activity and intercepted more than $22 million in fraudulently applied for refund checks before they were delivered to members of the conspiracy.

In addition to the prison term, Judge Cecchi sentenced Paredes to serve two years of supervised release and ordered him to pay restitution of $1,887,912.98.

U.S. Attorney Fishman praised special agents of IRS-Criminal Investigation, under the direction of Special Agent in Charge Jonathan D. Larsen; the U.S. Postal Inspection Service, under the direction of Inspector in Charge Maria L. Kelokates; the U.S. Secret Service, under the direction of Acting Special Agent in Charge Carl Agnelli; and the Drug Enforcement Administration, under the direction of Acting Special Agent in Charge Carl. J. Kotowski, for the investigation leading to today’s sentencing.

The government is represented by Assistant U.S. Attorney Danielle Alfonzo Walsman of the U.S. Attorney’s Office’s Health Care and Government Fraud Unit.

Defense counsel: Alex Jardines Esq., Union City, New Jersey

Identity Theft
Press Release Number: 
Updated May 12, 2015