The Civil Division represents the United States and its departments and agencies in defensive civil litigation and affirmative civil enforcement actions in the United States District Court for the District of Utah and the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
The types of cases handled by the Civil Division include tort cases filed against the United States under the Federal Tort Claims Act; claims against individual employees of the United States alleging constitutional violations (Bivens actions); discrimination cases brought by federal employees based upon race, color, sex, religion, national origin, disability or age; Administrative Procedures Act litigation; Freedom of Information Act/Privacy Act cases; quiet title cases against the United States; appeals from the denial of Social Security disability claims; condemnation cases, tax cases, and bankruptcy cases where the United States claims money is owed to it.
The Civil Division also brings civil affirmative actions to recover money owed to the United States. These actions are handled in the Affirmative Civil Enforcement Program and the Financial Litigation Unit.
The Civil Division is not authorized to provide, and cannot provide, legal assistance to private citizens, nor can it represent them in litigation.
Affirmative Civil Enforcement Section
The Affirmative Civil Enforcement (“ACE”) Program is designed to recover damages for fraud, theft or destruction of government property, and other misconduct; secure civil penalties for violations of the nation’s health, safety and economic welfare laws; and enjoin ongoing mail, wire, or bank fraud and freeze ill-gotten gains derived from those frauds. .
Financial Litigation Unit
The Financial Litigation Unit (“FLU”) enforces judgments to collect civil and criminal debts due the United States in a timely, aggressive, efficient, and cost-effective manner. Civil recoveries arise generally from delinquent student loans, civil fraud prosecutions, and penalties. Criminal recoveries are for restitution which is returned to crime victims; and fines and penalties, which are distributed through various state grants for use by crime victims.