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Republic of the Sudan

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN32851 - Feb. 2008
      1. Is there any information on the issue of passports/exit visas to people accused of spying/political dissent?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN105838.E  - Sudan: Requirements and procedures to obtain a Sudanese passport, including business passports; information on appearance and security features; information on the prevalence of fraudulent passports – July 2017
    • SDN105600.E - Sudan: Whether a person born in Sudan to parents who are refugees is entitled to Sudanese citizenship; procedures and requirements to obtain citizenship; whether this applies to Eritrean nationals; efficacy of access to citizenship – Aug. 2016
    • SDN105589.E - Sudan: Procedures and requirements to obtain exit permits for Sudanese nationals to leave the country; information on entry and exit screening at Khartoum International Airport; reports of persons wanted or being sought by the authorities being stopped at the airport by security services – July 2016
    • SDN102442.E - Passport Issuance and Renewal Procedures - Feb. 2007
  • Landinfo Country of Origin Information Centre
    • Sudan - Civil Registration, Identity Documents and Passports - Mar. 2023

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Children

US Government Reports
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
    • Child Soldiers Prevention Act: Security Assistance Restrictions – March 2020
Foreign Government Reports
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN34900 - May 2009
      1. What is the effect of customary adoption in Sudan?
      2. Does this carry some official status that would give rise to classifying the adopted sibling as legally recognised sibling of the adopting father's children?
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International Reports
    • “Death came to our home”: War crimes and civilian suffering in Sudan - Aug. 2023
    • Report on executions of persons who were children at the rime of the offence (covering 1990 - 2022) -  May 2023
  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008

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Corruption

Disabilities

Elections

Ethnic Groups / Race

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Copts

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - Copts

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Fur

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - Fur

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Goraani Tribe

Not Available

Ethnic Groups / Race - Non-Arab Darfuri

Ethnic Groups / Race - Nuba

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - Nuba

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Gender

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN105641.E - Sudan: The "Women's and Children's Rights Organization," including treatment of members, supporters, and participants in demonstrations against female genital mutilation (FGM) and marriage of minors during 2002-2006; treatment of women's rights advocates during 2014-2016, including upon entry and exit of Sudan – Oct. 2016

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Sudan - Security and political developments in Sudan, particularly in the Khartoum state, including civilian impacts - August 2023
      • 4. Sexual violence 

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • “Death came to our home”: War crimes and civilian suffering in Sudan - Aug. 2023
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • Report on gender-based violence (operational context; trends and figures; risks; prevention of and response to gender-based violence; other topics) - Dec. 2023

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Human Rights

US Government Reports
  • Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 202320222021202020192018
  • USCIS RIC Reports
    • Information on Human Rights Violations in Juba Circa 1963; Human Rights Violations Linked to the Republican Guard Between 1966 and 1969; Forcing Compliance of Tribal Leaders with Nimeiri's Policies Between 1983 and 1985; and Execution of Soldiers by the Sudanese Military from 1985 to 1989. - Dec. 2002
Foreign Government Reports
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN32851 - Feb. 2008
      1. Please provide information about the treatment of Sudanese citizens accused of spying or of political dissent generally?
      2. Please provide information on the freedom of movement of professional Sudanese?
      3. What information is there about the treatment of returnee failed asylum seekers to Sudan?

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • Information on the treatment of political activists (including student activists) by the Sudanese Transitional Government established on 17 August 2019, in Darfur, Two Areas, Khartoum – May 2020
  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Sudan - Security and political developments in Sudan, particularly in the Khartoum state, including civilian impacts - August 2023
      • 2. Fatalities
      • 5. Civilian infrastructure
      • 6. Humanitarian situation

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Amnesty International Report: The state of the world’s human rights - Apr. 2024Mar. 2023
    • Death Sentences and Executions - 2020
    • Civilians Caught in Unending Crisis in Southern Kordofan - April 2013
  • Freedom House - 2023
  • Freedom House
    • Transnational Repression Report - 2021
    • Worst of the Worst 2012: The World's Most Repressive Societies - 2012
  • Human Rights Watch -  2022, 2021, 2020, 20192018201720162015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011
    • World Events: 2023
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “The Massalit Will Not Come Home” Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity in El Geneina, West Darfur, Sudan - May 2024
    • “They Were Shouting ‘Kill Them’” Sudan’s Violent Crackdown on Protesters in Khartoum – Nov. 2019
    • Democracy on Hold: Rights Violations in the April 2010 Sudan Elections - June 2010
    • Imperatives for Immediate Change – The African Union Mission in Sudan – Jan. 2006
  • International Crisis Group
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
    • From emergency to recovery: Integrating Housing, Land and Property (HLP) into rebuilding Sudan - Feb. 2024
    • Sudan Annual Report 2023 - Feb. 2024
    • Sudan: one hundred days of war - July 2023
    • The world's most neglected displacement crises in 2022 - May 2023 
    • NRC Sudan Annual Report 2022 - Feb. 2023
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • Update on the security situation, the human rights situation and the humanitarian situation (covering 14 to 24 July 2023) - July 2023
    • Sudan - Report on the security situation and protection (as of July 2023) - July 2023
    • Sudan Situation - UNHCR External Update #17, (30 June - 6 July 2023) - July 2023


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Justice System

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN102446.E - Informal "tent courts" used to mete out speedy justice to non-Muslims by military or religious personnel (2004 - 2007) - Feb 2007

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Law

US Government Reports

  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom
    • Violating Rights – Enforcing the World’s Blasphemy Laws – Dec. 2020

Non-Government Organization Reports 


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Maps


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Medical Availability

US Government Reports

  • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
    • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Impact in Africa - April 2022
International Government Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report
    • Sudan: Opposition to the government – April 2021
    • Report of a fact-finding mission to Khartoum, Sudan - Nov. 2018
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN39667 - Jan. 2012
      1. Please provide information on the current government in Sudan and its stance towards opposition parties and whether there is government sponsored harm towards opponents.
      2. Please provide information about the Sudanese Federal Democratic party.
      3. Please provide information about the attitude of the Sudanese government towards Sufism.
    • SDN32851 - Feb. 2008
      1. What information is there about Ahmed Harun?
  • Intergovernmental Organization Reports
    • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
      • COI Query - Sudan - Security and political developments in Sudan, particularly in the Khartoum state, including civilian impacts - August 2023
        • 1. Security and political developments
      • Treatment of people considered as apostates - Nov. 2022

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Refugees / IDPs

Foreign Government Reports
  • Norwegian Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo) - Sudan - Internally displaced persons in Khartoum - Nov. 2008
  • Intergovernmental Organization Reports
    • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
      • COI Query - Sudan - Security and political developments in Sudan, particularly in the Khartoum state, including civilian impacts - August 2023
        • 7. Internally displaced persons (IDPs)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • “Death came to our home”: War crimes and civilian suffering in Sudan - Aug. 2023
    • "We Can Run Away from Bombs, but not from Hunger" - Sudan's Refugees in South Sudan - 2012
    • Darfur: "When Will They Protect Us?" Civilians trapped by violence in Sudan - September 2007
    • 130,000 Refugees on the Chad Border - June 2004
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD
  • Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
    • Severity of internal displacement Report - Nov. 2021
    • Africa Report on Internal Displacement - 2019
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
    • Invisible - The regional displacement crisis triggered by the Sudan conflict - Dec. 2023

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Religion

US Government Reports Intergovernmental Organization Reports
  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • Treatment of people considered as apostates - Nov. 2022

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Sexual Orientation

Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Foreign Government Reports
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN34868 - May 2009
      1. Please provide information or reports of attacks in southern Sudan, including dates and those involved: (i) Abu Jabra Oil Field, November 2006 (ii) Defra Oil Field, October 2007. (iii) Rahaw Oil Field, December 2007
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amensty International
    • “Death came to our home”: War crimes and civilian suffering in Sudan - Aug. 2023
  • Global Trade Local Impact: Arms Transfers to all Sides in the Civil War in Sudan - 1998
  • International Crisis Group
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
    • Invisible - The regional displacement crisis triggered by the Sudan conflict - Dec. 2023
    • Sudan: one hundred days of war - July 2023

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • Sudan - Country Focus - Apr. 2024
    • Treatment of people considered as apostates - Nov. 2022

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Forces

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office - Country Policy and Information Note
    • Sudan: Opposition to the government - April 2021

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • International Crisis Group
    • A Race against Time to Halt Sudan’s Collapse - June 2023

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Specific Country Issues - Darfur

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office - Country Policy and Information Note - Sudan: Non Arab Darfuris - Oct. 2021

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • We Can't Endure Any More: The Impact of Inner Communal Violence on Civilians in Central Darfur - March 2014
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "Men With No Mercy" Rapid Support Forces Attacks against Civilians in Darfur, Sudan - September 2015

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Specific Country Issues - Female Genital Mutilation

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN105641.E - Sudan: The "Women's and Children's Rights Organization," including treatment of members, supporters, and participants in demonstrations against female genital mutilation (FGM) and marriage of minors during 2002-2006; treatment of women's rights advocates during 2014-2016, including upon entry and exit of Sudan – Oct. 2016

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Specific Country Issues - Military Service 

Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Non-Government Reports

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • UNHCR Position on Returns to Sudan - May 2023

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Specific Country Issues - Border Crossing

 

Speech / Press / Internet

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Sudan: “They descended on us like rain”: Justice for victims of protest crackdown in Sudan – March 2020
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "It’s an Everyday Battle" Censorship and Harassment of Journalists and Human Rights Defenders in Sudan – Feb. 2009

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Timeline

Trafficking

US Government Reports

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - North Africa and the Middle East - 2009

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Terrorism

US Government Reports

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Torture

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Sudan: Excessive and deadly: The use of force, arbitrary detention and torture against protesters in Sudan - Sept. 2014
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Crackdown in Khartoum: Mass Arrests, Torture, and Disappearances since the May 10 Attack - June 2008

Updated May 9, 2024