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Press Release

Dallas Woman Sentenced For Her Role in a “Foreclosure Rescue Scheme” That Exploited Vulnerable Homeowners Facing Foreclosure

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, Northern District of Texas

DALLAS — Christina Renee Caveny, 37, of Dallas, was sentenced today before U.S. District Judge David C. Godbey to 15 months in federal prison and ordered to pay $270,134.84 in restitution, following her guilty plea in June 2017 to one count of conspiracy to commit mail fraud, announced U.S. Attorney John Parker of the Northern District of Texas.

A federal grand jury in Dallas returned an indictment in December 2016 charging Caveny and three others with felony offenses stemming from a “foreclosure rescue scheme” they ran from approximately February 2012 through January 2013.  Mark Demetri Stein, 36, of Carrollton, Texas, is awaiting trial.  Richard Bruce Stevens, 51, of San Antonio, Texas, pleaded guilty and is scheduled to be sentenced on December 4, 2017.  Bruce Kevin Hawkins, 52, of Desoto, Texas, also pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 41 months in federal prison and ordered to pay $219,109 in restitution.

According to plea documents in Caveny’s case, Stein operated Real Estate Solutions, Stevens used Texas Real Estate Services, and Hawkins formed ERealty Mortgage Group, LLC, as foreclosure rescue companies.  The conspirators used third parties to contact homeowners and offer them an opportunity to get out of their present home loans and receive a new home loan with a reduced interest payment and reduced monthly payment.  Caveny and other conspirators falsely represented to homeowners that they had “investors” standing by who were ready to quickly purchase the homeowner’s present loan from the lender holding the current mortgage.  They also falsely represented that they would use investors to purchase the homeowner’s loan from the original lender at a greatly reduced price through a “short sale” process. 

Furthermore, Caveny and other conspirators falsely represented to the homeowners that the homeowners had the legal authority to transfer their homeowner’s deed to the defendants.

As part of the scheme, the conspirators fraudulently required homeowners to start making all future loan payments to them based on fraudulent so-called “loans,” and they also told homeowners to ignore late payment notices sent by lenders.  As part of the scheme, the conspirators conducted a fraudulent “closing” for each homeowner where they caused the homeowner to pay them a large down payment on the new “loan,” and they also had the homeowner sign fraudulent documents, such as a promissory note, deed of trust, special warranty deed, and/or a so-called “land trust.”

Further, according to plea documents, the conspirators falsely represented to homeowners that the conspirators could “sell” their property back to the homeowner with a new loan, when the conspirators well knew they did not legally own the property.  The conspirators also told homeowners to ignore notices of nonpayment from their present lender as they continued to unlawfully collect monthly so called “mortgage payments” from homeowners.  In fact, conspirators instructed several homeowners to file for bankruptcy but to not follow up with the bankruptcy process as an additional means to delay foreclosure and conceal the conspirators’ criminal conduct.  Conspirators concealed that all down payment and monthly mortgage payments fraudulently collected from homeowners was spent for their own personal benefit.

The defendants recruited at least 70 distressed and vulnerable homeowners who were facing the imminent threat of foreclosure on their homes and fraudulently collected a total of at least $242,000 from them. 

This case is one of several felony prosecutions of bankruptcy-related crimes generated by the Bankruptcy Fraud Initiative in the Northern District of Texas.  With the charges in this indictment, 26 defendants have been charged as part of that initiative.  Nineteen have been convicted, one resulted in a mistrial, and six are pending trial.

The Dallas FBI investigated the case.  Assistant U.S. Attorney David Jarvis prosecuted.

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Lisa Slimak

Updated November 7, 2017

Financial Fraud