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Criminal Resource Manual

1501. False Identification -- 18 U.S.C. 1028 -- Overview

The False Identification Crime Control Act of 1982, Public Law 97-398, 96 Stat. 2009 (approved December 31, 1982) was the culmination of a ten-year legislative process to improve federal criminal statutes relating to the false identification problem. It was the outgrowth of a comprehensive study on the criminal use of false identification made by the Justice Department sponsored Federal Advisory Committee on False Identification (FACFI) in the mid-1970's. The Department of Justice strongly supported the legislative effort. The False Identification Crime Control Act created two new statutes: (1) 18 U.S.C. §  1028, entitled "Fraud and related activity in connection with identification documents," which deals with governmental identification documents; and (2) 18 U.S.C. § 1738, entitled "Mailing private identification documents without a disclaimer," which deals with non-governmental identification documents.

[cited in USAM 9-64.400]