A state may also transfer prisoners to their countries of nationality or citizenship. See How the Program Works. Although prisoners can be transferred to foreign countries from both state and federal prisons, only the federal prison system may receive and assume responsibility of American prisoners transferred back to the United States from other countries. Thus, even if a United States national imprisoned abroad has committed the type of offense that would ordinarily be tried in a state court, he or she will be placed in a federal prison facility and the U.S. Parole Commission will determine his release date upon transfer to the United States.
View the State Prisoner Contacts and Statutes for more information.