Union of Myanmar

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Citizenship and Nationality - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • MMR102503.E - The procedures and documents required to obtain a (Burmese) Myanmar passport and to obtain a seaman's identity card. Whether an individual who fled or deserted the military and was wanted by the military would be able to obtain a passport or a seaman's identity card. Whether individuals who fled or deserted the military are restricted from becoming seamen or obtaining a passport - May 2007 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR35683 - December 2009 (PDF)
      1. Would persons of interest to authorities experience difficulties obtaining necessary documents to depart the country?
      2. Do returnees to Myanmar have their passports taken upon return so they cannot leave again?
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Citizenship and Nationality - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Children - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • MMR102759.E - The reasons for and consequences of being expelled from a university - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Child Soldiers International
    • Report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in advance of the examination of Myanmar's report on the Convention on the Rights of the Child - Myanmar - May 2011 (PDF)
  • Coalition to stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR36666 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide brief information on bribery/corruption, especially in relation to exit procedures.

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Disabilities - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report
    • Burma's April Parliamentary By-Elections - March 2012 (PDF)
    • Burma's 2010 Election Campaign: Issues for Congress - Oct. 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • April 2012 Parliamentary Elections - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
  • Election Guide - Recent elections
  • Human Rights Watch
  • International Crisis Group
    • Myanmar's Post-Election Landscape - March 2011 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National / Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • State Department Fact Sheet "Rape by the Burmese Military in Ethnic Regions" - Dec. 2002 (PDF)
  • USCIS - Resource Information Center Report - Information on Ethnic Minorities, Democracy Movement - June 2002 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Ethnic Groups - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR36666 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide general information on the situation of the Chinese ethnic minority in Burma.
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • The repression of ethnic minority activists in Myanmar - Feb. 2010 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "The Government Could Have Stopped This" Sectarian Violence and Ensuing Abuses in Burma's Arakan State - Aug. 2012 (PDF)
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Query Responses - 1) Use of forced labour and relocation by army against ethnic minorities prior to
    September 1988 (particularly Shan state 1982-1983 and Karen state in 1983-1987) - May 2009 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Chin (Zomi)

US Government Reports
  • USCIS - RIC Report
    • Information on the Chin National Front / Chin National Army - Feb. 2004 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Chin (Zomi) - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BUR41315.E - Update to BUR34203.E of 19 April 2000 on the treatment of supporters, including financial supporters, of the Chin National Front (CNF) (1999-present) - April 2003 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Chin profile (PDF)
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Chin State - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Kachin (Jinghpaw)

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Kachin - June 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR35433 - October 2009 (PDF)
      1. Are the Kachin people ill-treated by the military generally and if they are, would this happen to middle class people living in Yangon?
      2. Please provide details of the Kachin National Organisation including its leaders.
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Kachin profile (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "Untold Miseries" Wartime Abuses and Forced Displacement in Burma's Kachin State - March 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Kachin State - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Shan

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Shan - June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Shan profile (PDF)
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Shan State - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Karen and Karenni (Red Karen or Kayah)

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Karen and Karenni (Red Karen and Kayah) - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Isolated in Yunnan: Kachin Refugees from Burma in China's Yunnan Province - June 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Mon

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Mon - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Mon profile (PDF)
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Rohingya

US Government Reports
  • USCIS - RIC Report
    • Information on the Situation of Rohingyas - March 2001 (PDF)
    • Information on Rohingya refugees - Dec. 1999 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Rohingya - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Muslim and Rohingya profile (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profile
    • "All You Can Do is Pray": Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing of Rohingya Muslims in Burma's Arakan State - April 2013 (PDF)
    • Perilous Plight: Burma's Rohingya Take to the Seas - May 2009 (PDF)
  • Refugees International
    • Rohingya in Burma: Spotlight on Current Crisis Offers Opportunity for Progress - Oct. 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Moken

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profile
    • Stateless at Sea - The Moken of Burma and Thailand - June 2015 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Women - Feb. 2012 (PDF). June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report
    • Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions - Oct. 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Human Rights - Feb. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • MMR102759.E - The reasons for and consequences of being expelled from university - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
    • MMR102755.E - Treatment of people associated with sympathizers or members of the National League for Democracy (NLD) - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
    • MMR102581.E - Whether the government monitors the activities of its citizens who travel to, or live in, Canada or other countries, especially if those citizens are engaging in political activities abroad in which they criticize the government (2005 - August 2007) - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • BUR41681.E - Information on a three-day student riot near the University of Mandalay in February 2002 Research Directorate - June 2003 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
    • Worst of the Worst 2012: The World's Most Repressive Societies - 2012 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "The Government Could Have Stopped This" - Aug. 2012 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Myanmar: Storm Clouds on the Horizon - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Human Rights - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • Query Responses - 2) human rights abuses committed by the Burma army 15 Light Infantry Regiment/Battalion 1982-1983 and the 32nd & 78 Burma Regiments/Battalions during 1983-1987
      3) human rights abuses during fighting between Burma army and Mong Tai Army in 1993-1995 (involvement of Burma army 359 Light Infantry Regiment/battalion) - May 2009 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2015 (PDF),  2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report
    • Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions - Oct. 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Country Information and Guidance - Burma: Prison conditions - November 2015 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Judiciary - Feb. 2012 (PDF). June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • New Expression Meets Old Repression: Ending the Cycle of Political Arrests and Imprisonment in Myanmar - March 2016 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Dead Men Walking: Convict Porters on the Front Lines in Eastern Burma - July 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

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Law

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR36874 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Can a copy of the Criminal Act of Myanmar (in English) be found online?
      2. What is the Registration of the Residents of the Union of Myanmar Act 6(2) and 6(3) 1949?
      3. Is there any information on what the process of changing a Foreigners Registration Card to a National Registration Card would be?
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Law enforcement agencies - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Maps

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Map - Feb. 2012 (PDF). June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Maps - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Medical Issues - Feb. 2012 (PDF). June 2011 (PDF)
International Government Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Country Information and Guidance - Burma: Opposition to the Government - November 2015 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR36666 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the structure and aims of the National League for Democracy (NLD).
      2. Please provide an update of the current situation of the NLD, especially in relation to the upcoming elections.
    • MMR35154 - July 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide some background information on the National League for Democracy (NLD).
      2. Is there information on arrests/interrogations of members of NLD who do not have a high profile in 2002 (or thereabouts)?
      3. Is there information about people being fired from jobs for involvement in the NLD?
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Political Developments - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Ad Hoc and Inadequate: Thailand's Treatment of Refugees and Asylum Seekers - Sep. 2012 (PDF
  • Refugees International
    • Rohingya in Burma: Spotlight on Current Crisis Offers Opportunity for Progress - Oct. 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

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Religion

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), July - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
    • Burma - first designated a CPC in 1999
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Religion - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR37399 - September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Are Christians, including Catholics, targeted in Burma?
      2. Please provide information on the kidnapping of people by the army who then force them into slave labour, especially those who are Christian, or of Indian and Anglo-Burmese descent.
    • MMR35433 - October 2009 (PDF)
      1. Do Christians suffer ill-treatment in Burma?
      2. What Christian Churches exist in Burma?
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profile
    • "All You Can Do is Pray": Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing of Rohingya Muslims in Burma's Arakan State - April 2013 (PDF)
    • The Resistance of the Monks Buddhism and Activism in Burma - Sep. 2009 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) Persons - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

US Government Reports
  • USCIS - RIC Reports
    • Information on Exit and Return - July 2001 (PDF)
    • Information On 1) Whether The Government Maintains Lists Of Political Dissidents, 2) Existing Exit Control Procedures Of The Burmese Government, And 3) The Ability Of A Government Opponent To Obtain An Exit Permit. - Feb. 1999 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
    • Exit and Return - Feb. 2012 (PDF)
    • Treatment of failed asylum seekers and exiles - Feb. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • MMR102913.E - Treatment of Burmese Seafarers who have returned to Myanmar (Burma) after having jumped ship and contacted the International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF) to complain about working conditions while outside of Myanmar - Aug. 2008 (PDF)
    • MMR102582.E - Treatment of failed refugee claimants who return to Myanmar, particularly those who engaged in political activities while outside Myanmar (2005 - August 2007) - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • MMR37399 - September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Are those who return to Burma from Western countries targeted?

International Government Organization Reports

  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) - UNHCR Position on Returns to Rakhine State, Myanmar - July 2012

 

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Exit and Return to Myranmar - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Dissidents

US Government Reports
  • USCIS - RIC Reports
    • State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)/ State Peace and Development Council (SPDC)/ National League for Democracy (NLD)/Burmese Dissidents - Sep. 1998 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service
    • Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions - Oct. 2012 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Myanmar Update - COI Compilation - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles - “They Can Arrest You at Any Time” The Criminalization of Peaceful Expression in Burma - June 2016 (PDF)

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Timeline

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Recent Events - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Persons - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Trafficking in Persons Report - Burma - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Trafficking - Feb. 2012 (PDF), June 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports

  • State Department Counry Reports on Terrorism - 2014 (PDF)

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Updated July 13, 2016