Democratic Republic of the Congo

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports
  • State Department - Country Documents
  • RIC Report
    • Democratic Republic of Kinshasa, former Zaire (DRC): Information on the Role of the Immigration Services in Security Functions in the DRC and Control of Migration by DRC Immigration Service - Sept. 2001 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Citizenship and Nationality - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD106122.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The biometric passport, including its appearance and security features; requirements and procedure for obtaining a biometric passport from inside and outside the country - July 2018 (PDF)
    • COD105815.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The coalition of opposition political parties, including political parties that are members of the coalition; the treatment of coalition members by the authorities - July 2018 (PDF)
    • COD105818.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Situation of people returning to the country after they either spent time abroad, claimed refugee status, or were seeking asylum - July 2017 (PDF)
    • ZZZ105753.E - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda: Ability to travel from Burundi to neighbouring countries, including obstacles and resettlement - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
    • COD105556.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Biometric passports with electronic chips issued since November 2015, including the application procedure and requirements, as well as the validity period (2015-July 2016) - July 2016 (PDF)
    • COD104763.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Prevalence and availability of fraudulent identity, administrative and legal documents (2011-February 2014) - Apr. 2014 (PDF)
    • COD104014.FE - Whether a foreign national who acquired Congolese citizenship through marriage can regain Congolese nationality; if so, the procedure for regaining Congolese nationality; whether a child born outside the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) of a Congolese father can acquire Congolese nationality from outside the country; if so, the procedure for doing so - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
    • ZZZ104039.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo/Burundi/Rwanda: Travel between these countries, including whether a passport is required to travel between them, and other documents used for travel - Mar. 2012 (PDF)
    • COD103932.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Whether a birth, marriage or death certificate can be obtained by a person residing outside the country; the procedure to follow and the fees required - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
    • COD103748.FE - The Democratic Republic of the Congo: The existence of a mandatory stamp on administrative documents - May 2011 (PDF)
    • COD103711.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Process for applying for or renewing a passport - Apr. 2011 (PDF)
    • COD103649.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Whether Congolese passports that are no longer in circulation bear the notation "2ème conseiller d'ambassade" (2nd Counsellor of the Embassy); whether the notation means that the passport was issued outside the country (2002 - 2006) - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
    • COD103523.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The national driver's licence, including its appearance, security features, additional functions for which the licence is used, and the year it was introduced - Jul. 2010 (PDF)
    • COD103524.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: International driver's permit issued in the DRC, including its use and the number of DRC citizens who possess it - July 2010 (PDF)
    • ZZZ102740.E - Rwanda/Democratic Republic of Congo: Process by which Congolese nationals of Rwandan origin can obtain Rwandan nationality - Apr. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102456.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Congolese passport, including the name of the issuing authority and the procedure and conditions for obtaining one; possibilities of obtaining a passport through fraud or corruption (March 2007) - Mar. 2007 (PDF)
    • COD102277.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Certificate of lost identity documents (attestation de perte de pièces d'identité), different forms this document can take, whether the certificate must be stamped by the Office of the Director-General of Migration (Direction générale de migration, DGM) or the National Intelligence Agency (Agence nationale de renseignements, ANR) - Dec. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD101014.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Incidence and accessibility of fraudulent identity, administrative and legal documents - Feb. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD100964.FE - Whether authorization is required to exit the country; if so, the date this measure came into effect, the persons who require such authorization and the methods for obtaining it (January 2006) - Jan.2006 (PDF)
    • COD100961.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Procedure and conditions for Congolese nationals of Rwandan origin to reinstate their nationality - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD100956.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Whether a document called an 'indicia of lost documents' (attestation de perte de pièces) is accepted as a means of identification - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • ZZZ100962.FE - Rwanda/ Democratic Republic of Congo: Process and conditions for obtaining Rwandan nationality by Congolese nationals of Rwandan origin (January 2006) - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • RDC100214.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Whether a presidential decree requires that only a person's family name be recorded on official documents or registers - Jun. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC100016.FE - The notices to appear issued by the National Intelligence Agency (Agence nationale de renseignements, ANR) in Kinshasa, including the information indicated on them, the identity (office and rank) of the issuing authority, the circumstances in which they are issued, and the time between the date they are issued and the date they are received; whether they are delivered directly to the person concerned or whether they can be issued through a third party - June 2005 (PDF)
    • ZZZ43151.FE - Togo/Democratic Republic of Congo: Nationality of a woman born in Togo in January 1969 of a Zairian father and a Togolese mother; if the woman is not Togolese by birth, steps that she could have taken to obtain Togolese nationality; the influence that her departure from Zaire in 1980 and her return to Togo in 1990 would have on her nationality; discretionary power of the Togolese government concerning granting of nationality (January-November 2004) - Nov. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42672.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Treatment of the Banyarwanda in the RDC by the Congolese authorities and population; whether the 1981 law on the revocation of Zairian citizenship for the Banyarwanda has been changed or revoked (June 2004) - Jun. 2004 (PDF)
Non Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information regarding acquiring DRC citizenship by virtue of marriage to a DRC citizen - 2011 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Children - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD101824.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Consequences for a child, aged 19, who has disobeyed the wishes of his father; ill-treatment or prejudice that may arise from disobeying one's parent given the social and cultural context - Nov. 2006 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - Situation Of Children - Mar. 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Children - June 2002 (PDF)
  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - Children - Apr. 2013
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on kidnapping, rape and enslavement of girls by military / rebel Factions - 2009 (PDF)
    • Information on forced circumcision if both parents oppose - Ogboni father-in-law wishes the circumcision to go ahead; client is from Ogun state - Mar. 2010 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Disabilities - Jun. 2009 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD106123.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Voter cards, their appearance, security features and uses; requirements and proceduresfor obtaining a voter card - July 2018 (PDF)
    • COD103637.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Whether voter's cards have continued to be issued since the 2006 elections or whether they were only issued during the elections period; the documents required to obtain the card and the authorities that issue it (2006 - 2010) - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • COD101015.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The constitutional referendum from 18 to 19 December 2005, particularly the conditions of the referendum, its results, and the reactions of independent observers and opponents (February 2006) - Feb. 2006 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Dismantling Dissent - DRC’S Repression Of Expression Amidst Electoral Delays – Sept. 2016 (PDF)
  • Election Guide - Recent elections
  • International Crisis Group
    • Electoral Poker in DR Congo - Apr. 2018 (PDF)
    • Staying Engaged after the Elections - Jan. 2007 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on arrests before, during and after the elections of July 2009; any killings of opposition members in this period. - 2010 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National / Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • RIC Report
    • Information on whether there is ethnic cleansing of Kasai residents country-wide - Aug. 1999 (PDF)
    • Information on whether members of the Baluba ethnic group are at risk of harm because of their ethnicity and support of Etienne Tshisekedi - June 1999 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Ethnic Groups - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD36159 - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the treatment of members of the Bazimba tribe and the Muzimba tribe both in Kinshasa and elsewhere in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104852.E - Marriage practices among the Luba, including frequency of forced marriage for adult women, as well as the possibility for a person to marry someone of a different ethnicity or from a different region; recourse available to Luba women in cases of forced marriage, including levirate marriage (2010-April 2014) - May 2014 (PDF)
    • COD103416.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): The situation of Kivutians living in Kinshasa Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ottawa - May 2010 (PDF)
    • COD100965.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Situation of Kivutians (from North and South Kivu) living in Kinshasa, and how they got there (January 2006) - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • RDC42727.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Whether some South Kivu inhabitants and their family members who go to Burundi and Rwanda are suspected of being "Katangese subjects" working with Vice-President Raphaël Katebe Kototo and the South Kivu governor to launch a new rebellion (Oct. 2003-June 2004) - Jun. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42522.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Update to RDC32129.F of 16 June 1999 on the situation and treatment of members of the Mbunza ethnic group and persons from the Province of Équateur (March 2004) - Mar. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42352.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The liaison committee between Congolese exiles and the government of Laurent-Désiré Kabila, whose members included Atundu Liongo, former manager of the Gecamines company, and Alphonse Mwamba Mulunda, former finance minister under Mobutu (1999-2000) - Jan. 2004 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - Democratic Republic Of Congo-Situation Of Selected Groups - Apr. 1998 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Victims of ethnic intolerance - June 2002 (PDF)
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - Ethnicity - Apr. 2013 (PDF)
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Banyarwanda (Hutus, Tutsis, Twa)

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Banyarwanda/Banyamulenge/Tutsis - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD36387 - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide details of the Banyamulenge tribe. Please include any tribal background and history, any involvement of the Banyamulenge tribe in conflicts (particularly post 1994), any physical and linguistic attributes of members of the tribe, and any discrimination in the Democratic Republic of the Congo against members of the Banyamulenge tribe
      2. Banyamulenge Tribe - Zimba Tribe - Communal Violence - Please provide any details of the Bazimba or Zimba tribe including physical and linguistic attributes of members of the tribe and details of any traditional and current tribal lands.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD103417.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The treatment of the Banyamulenge, or Congolese Tutsis, living in Kinshasa - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): State Protection (June 2003-November 2004) - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
    • COD100781.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Treatment of Congolese Tutsis (Banyamulenge) from the East in the western and southern parts of the country, mainly in Kinshasa and Lubumbashi; whether Banyamulenge are specifically singled out by the general population and by government authorities because of their ties to the rebel movements for whom they are believed to be spies (December 2005) - Dec. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC43027.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The situation of members of the Wabembe ethnic group in South Kivu, including the existence of a group called Emo Imbondo, whose objective is to remove the government, the Banyarwanda (Rwandans) and the rebels, so that peace may be restored to the region; whether two demonstrations were held in Baraka on 6 and 13 May 2004, respectively, and, if so, whether any of the demonstrators were arrested or killed (2004) - Oct. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42672.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Treatment of the Banyarwanda in the RDC by the Congolese authorities and population; whether the 1981 law on the revocation of Zairian citizenship for the Banyarwanda has been changed or revoked (June 2004) - Jun. 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Situation of the minority group Twa (Batwa1/Bambuti2) in the Equateur province - July 2009 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Recent information on treatment afforded to Banyamulenge Tutsis by State agents and non-State agents in the DRC, particularly eastern DRC - Mar. 2009 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Banyarwanda - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Bata and Bambuti

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Indigenous Pygmy Tribes - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Bata and Bambuti - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Kasaians

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Kasaians of Luba - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Ngbandi

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RDC42470.E - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Treatment of members of the Ngbandi tribe (March 2004) - Mar. 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Ngbandi - 2015 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Women - June 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Gender Based Violence - Sept. 2018 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD35554 - Oct. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide any research as to whether, in the Congo within a large family, one of the older siblings might be regarded as the "family head" or otherwise be regarded (informally or legally) as having the permanent care of a younger sibling?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104852.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Marriage practices among the Luba, including frequency of forced marriage for adult women, as well as the possibility for a person to marry someone of a different ethnicity or from a different region; recourse available to Luba women in cases of forced marriage, including levirate marriage (2010-April 2014) - May 2014 (PDF)
    • COD104023.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Forced marriages, including prevalence, types, and availability of state protection and recourse for victims (2008-March 2012) - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
    • COD104022.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Domestic and sexual violence, including legislation, state protection, and services available to victims (2006-March 2012) - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
    • COD101006.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Prevalence of domestic violence, the availability of legal protection, methods of punishing or deterring offenders, and presence of support systems for survivors (March 2006) - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD100957.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Whether forced marriages exist; if so, the frequency of such marriages, the people who organize them (maternal or paternal family), the regions and ethnic groups involved, the treatment of people who refuse such marriages and the state protection available to them (2004 - January 2006) - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD100597.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Government's attitude toward single mothers who have several children and who are returning to the Democratic Republic of Congo after a lengthy absence; risks of being exposed to poor socio-economic conditions, and the availability of public services (October 2005) - Nov. 2005 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): State Protection (June 2003-November 2004) - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC42555.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Forced marriages, particularly among the Bambala ethnic group;  whether members of the same family can marry one another; if so, the possible consequences and recourse available to a woman who refuses such a marriage, and the protection offered to her by the state (April 2004) - Apr. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42556.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Whether a customary marriage can take place in the absence of one of the spouses (April 2004) - Apr. 2004 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Report
    • Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Women fearing gender-based harm or violence - June 2017 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Women - June 2002 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on Marriage Formalities in DR Congo - May 2011 (PDF)
    • Democratic Republic of Congo Is there any evidence of corruption, pervasive crime or widespread violence to women in the Republic of Congo? - Feb. 2011 (PDF)
    • Forced prostitution in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Likelihood of harm to women who return to DRC - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issue - Women - Apr. 2013
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Ending Impunity for Sexual Violence - New Judicial Mechanism Needed to Bring Perpetrators to Justice - June 2014 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Human Rights - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Gender Based Violence - Sept. 2018 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD105816.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Requirements and procedures for filing a criminal complaint, including documents received by the complainant; whether the complaint file is accessible to the complainant, including the procedure to obtain a copy of the file in the country and from abroad; whether the DRC has a standard complaint form - July 2017 (PDF)
    • COD103548.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: information on the group, youth for human rights, liberty and unity (Jeunesse pour les droits de l'homme, les libertés et l'unité, JDHLU) and the treatment of its members by the authorities - Jul. 2010 (PDF)
    • COD102845.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The United Nations' investigation of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1993 and 1997, more particularly, of the massacres of Hutus committed by the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo-Zaïre, AFDL) - Jun. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102457.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The state security forces, including their name, mandate and organization; whether members of these forces are involved in human rights violations (2006 - March 2007) - Mar. 2007 (PDF)
    • COD100595.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The coup d'état of 10 and 11 June 2004, including possible arrests, treatment of the family and friends of those arrested or suspected of having participated in the coup, whether legal proceedings were initiated and sentences handed down (June 2004 - September 2005) - Sept. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC43557.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Crimes, including the serious human rights violations, rapes and killings, that were reportedly committed by members of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (Mouvement de libération du Congo, MLC) (2002-May 2005) - May 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC42615.FE - The Ligue pour la Paix et les Droits de l'Homme; whether it has a section located at 75, boulevard de la Libération in Bunia; if so, the situation and activities of the section and its leaders, and a description of the membership card (2000-May 2004) - May 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • If you resist, we'll shoot you - The democratic Republic of the Congo and the case for an effective arms trade treaty - 2012 (PDF)
    • Human Rights Defenders under attack in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - 2010 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Human Rights - June 2002 (PDF)
    • Republic of Congo - 5th UNHCR Country of Origin Information Workshop - 1999 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF). 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
  • International Crisis Group
    • Security Sector Reform in the Congo - 2006 (PDF)
    • Katanga: The Congo's Forgotten Crisis - 2006 (PDF)
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - Apr. 2013

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Judiciary - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Policy and Information Note: Opposition to the Government - Sept. 2018 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD105816.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Requirements and procedures for filing a criminal complaint, including documents received by the complainant; whether the complaint file is accessible to the complainant, including the procedure to obtain a copy of the file in the country and from abroad; whether the DRC has a standard complaint form - July 2017 (PDF)
    • COD105817.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Prison conditions in Kinshasa, including the treatment of prisoners - June 2017 (PDF)
    • COD103415.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The treatment of prisoners and prison conditions in Kinshasa - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): State Protection (June 2003-November 2004) - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on Buluwo prison including:Location; Are political prisoners detained; Do any charities/NGOs supply food/provisions to prisoners - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • The time for Justice is Now - The DRC - 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Detention and unfair trials of alleged coup plotters - June 2002 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on corruption and police corruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Feb. 2011 (PDF)
    • Information on prison conditions and conditions for those detained in police stations - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • Information on condition of prisons - Conditions in most prisons remained harsh and life-threatening - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • Lack of state protection from the government of the DRC - Oct. 2009 (PDF)
    • Information on whether prison escapes are commonplace in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
    • Information on the police acting outside of the Constitution/applicable legislation by, for example, attacks on opposition politicians - Jan. 2009 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Operation Likofi - Police Killings and Enforced Disappearances in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo - Nov. 2014 (PDF)
    • Ending Impunity for Sexual Violence - New Judicial Mechanism Needed to Bring Perpetrators to Justice - June 2014 (PDF)

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Law

Maps

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Maps - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD36159 - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide a detailed map of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104021.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Mobility and methods of transportation between Grand Kivu and Kinshasa - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Profiles
    • Map of the Democratic Republic of Congo - North and South Kivu - Sept. 2010 (PDF)

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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Medical Issues - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104104.FE - The treatment of people with mental health disorders; protection and services provided by the state - June 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Public health - June 2002 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on treatment of the elderly and those who are infirm, including availability of state aid/assistance; financial assistance; medical help; help with housing et al - Jan. 2011 (PDF)
    • Treatment of those with HIV/AIDS including stigma, discrimination, availability and cost of medication - Oct. 2010 (PDF)
    • Re: Information on treatment of mental health. Information on health care - Jan. 2009 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
    • Political Affiliation - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
    • Political organizations and other groups - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Policy and Information Note: Opposition to the Government - Sept. 2018 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD36159 - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide an update on the security and political situation in Congo.
    • COD35771 - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide any information on the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) and current political situation. Also provide any relevant information on the treatment of members 2007 and subsequently.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD106125.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Bundu dia Kongo (BDK) movement, including its political agenda, structure, offices and documents issued to members; relations with the government and with other political parties; treatment of members by the authorities - July 2018 (PDF)
    • COD106124.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social, UDPS), including its political agenda, structure and leaders; documents issued to members; relations with the government and treatment of members by the authorities - July 2018 (PDF)
    • COD105815.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The coalition of opposition political parties, including political parties that are members of the coalition; the treatment of coalition members by the authorities - July 2017 (PDF)
    • COD104434.FE - Membership cards for the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), including the content of these cards; who can issue UDPS membership cards and whether any new cards have been issued since 2010 - July 2013 (PDF)
    • COD104407.FE - The Alliance of Patriots for the Refoundation of the Congo (Alliance des patriotes pour
      la refondation du Congo, APARECO) in Kinshasa, including its structure, objectives and activities; the membership card; treatment of party members and recruiters by the authorities (2012-May 2013) - May 2013 (PDF)
    • COD104019.FE - Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), including its status, its relationship to the government in power, and the treatment of its members by the authorities and security forces - May 2012 (PDF)
    • COD104020.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Membership cards for the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), including the content of these cards; who can issue UDPS membership cards and whether any new cards have been issued since 2008 - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
    • COD104040.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Movement for the Liberation of Congo (Mouvement de libération du Congo, MLC), including leadership and treatement of - party members (2009-2012) - Mar. 2012 (PDF)
    • COD103712.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Information on the Union for Democracy and Social Progress including the number of members, locations of its offices, its situation in relation to other political parties, and the treatment of its members and leaders by government authorities; whether there are factions within the UDPS - Apr. 2011 (PDF)
    • COD103200.FE - The role and responsibilities of an assistant secretary to the minister in public administration; whether it is a high-ranking position; if so, its equivalent in the Canadian public service (2006 - 2009) - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • COD103228.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): The Comités du Pouvoir Populaire (Popular/People's Power Committees, CPP) in Canada, including their mission and activities; membership requirements in Canada and in the DRC; activities and treatment of members by DRC authorities - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
    • COD103118.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The non-governmental organization (NGO) Volunteers United in Action for Progress and Development (Volontaires unis dans l'action pour le progres et le développement, VUAPROD); its founding date; its organizational structure; the number of members; its mandate and activities; the treatment of its members by the authorities - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
    • COD102827.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Whether the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo-Zaire, AFDL) was dissolved in 1999; the situation of its former members - Jun. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102844.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Ethnic origin of members and supporters of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo-Zaire, AFDL); whether certain members are of Rwandan origin - Jun. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102845.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The United Nations' investigation of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1993 and 1997, more particularly, of the massacres of Hutus committed by the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo-Zaire, AFDL) - Jun. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102785.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Membership cards for the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progres social, UDPS), including the content of these cards; who may issue UDPS membership cards and whether any new cards have been issued since 2003 - Apr. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102786.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The number of members and offices of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progres social, UDPS); the importance of the UDPS compared with other political parties - Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102455.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progres social), particularly its current status, its relationship with the government and the treatment of its members by the government authorities and security forces (2006 - March 2007) - Mar. 2007 (PDF)
    • COD101145.FE - Circumstances surrounding the 31 July 2005 assassination of Pascal Kabungulu Kibembi, former executive secretary of Héritiers de la justice; the fate of his family members after his death, particularly whether they were threatened - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD100963.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), particularly whether internal factions exist; the attitude of government authorities toward UDPS leaders and members (2004 - February 2006) - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD100904.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Whether an organization called the Congolese Business Federation (FEC) exists in Bukavu; if so, the organization's background, role, duties, address, number of employees and logo (January 2006) - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • COD100602.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The existence of a political party called the Union for National Recovery (Union pour le redressement national, URN), which was allegedly founded in the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) in 1998-1999; the party's mission and objectives, founding members, leaders and operations (October 2005) - Oct. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC100133.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Debout Bukavu group, reportedly founded in Bukavu in 2002, and specifically its objectives, structure, the names of its founders, its possible ties to the Congolese Rally for Democracy (RCD) and the treatment of its followers by government authorities and Congolese society in general (2000-June 2005) - Jun. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC43559.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Whether divisions exist within the Congolese Liberation Movement (Mouvement de libération du Congo, MLC); if so, the objectives of each of the factions and the names of their leaders, as well as the relations between them (2002-May 2005) - May 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC43466.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Current situation of the Unified Lumumbist Party, including the treatment of its members by the authorities (2003-2005) - Mar. 2005 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - State Protection (June 2003-November 2004) - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC43194.FE - Whether Étienne Tshisekedi was in the RDC in August 2000 and January 2001; his exile and return to the RDC between August 2000 and January 2001; his participation in a meeting in January 2001 in Mbuyi Mayi; whether several leaders of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress were present at that meeting and whether they were arrested; if so, their disappearance after the meeting (2000-2001) - Dec. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42958.FE - The attempted coup d'état of 28 March 2004, particularly the list of the people arrested or sought by the authorities in relation to this event - Sept. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42835.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), including its position vis-e-vis the transition government established on 30 June 2003 and the reasons why no UDPS member is in the government; a military intervention against UDPS members on 20 July 2003 in Mwene-Ditu and, if it took place, whether certain UDPS members were injured or arrested (2002-August 2004) - Aug. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42656.E - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): An event that took place on or around 19 July 1999 near Kinshasa organized by the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), and the names of people arrested in Limete at this time - May 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42625.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Congolese Liberation Movement (MLC), including ties with an organization called the League of Electors; the treatment of league members who are suspected of having ties with the MLC (April 2004) - Apr. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42634.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: A non-governmental organization called the League of Electors, including the name of its vice-president in August 2003; whether this League is suspected of having confidential information from the president of the Congolese Liberation Movement (MLC) (April 2004) - April 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42351.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Liberal Democrats Assembly, including its platform, structure, activities and leaders, in particular, its founding president, Alphonse Mwamba Mulunda (1990-January 2004) - Jan. 2004 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on roving attaché mission to Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo - Entry procedures and the situation of the political opposition etc. in Kinshasa, 19 - 22 August 2001 - Aug. 2001 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Information on the political situation in Kinshasa: Query Response - Apr. 2017 (PDF)
      1. Situation of individuals who took part in the demonstrations of January 2015 in Kinshasa with a specific focus on those who were arrested during the demonstrations.
      2. Situation of individuals who have or are perceived to have political affiliations in Kinshasa.
      3. Situation of individuals who provide services to politicians or public figures.
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Political parties - June 2002 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Congo: A Stalled Democratic Agenda - Apr. 2010 (PDF)
    • The Congo's Transition is Failing: Crisis in the Kivus - Mar. 2005 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Any information on recent treatment of supporters of General Faustine - Sept. 2011 (PDF)
    • Information on the treatment of MLC members. Information about whether they continue to be "persecuted" or whether this has completely ceased in recent years - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • Treatment of those who speak out/oppose the Kabila regime - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • Information on the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) and treatment of those who are members or are perceived to be members of the FDC by the government and/or society - Oct. 2009 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ105753.FE - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda: Ability to travel from Burundi to neighbouring countries, including obstacles and resettlement (2015-February 2017) - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
    • ZZZ105754.E - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda: Activities of Burundian militias in Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo,Tanzania and Uganda, including relationship with Burundian refugees (2015-February 2017) - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Refugees in the DRC - June 2002 (PDF)
    • Republic of Congo - 5th UNHCR Country of Origin Information Workshop - 1999 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Profiles
    • Always on the Run - The Vicious Cycle of Displacement in Eastern Congo - 2010
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - IDPs/ Refugees - April 2013

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) - UNHCR position on returns to North Kivu, South Kivu and adjacent areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo affected by on-going conflict and violence in the region Update I - September 2014

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Religion

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Religion - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD103713.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Information on the Bundu dia Kongo (BDK) movement, including its political program, location of its offices, the number of its members, its situation with respect to other political parties, and the attitude of government authorities toward its leaders and member (2007 - April 2011) - Apr. 2011 (PDF)
    • COD100468.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: An organization calledChristian Women for Democracy and Development (Femmes chrétiennes pour la démocratie et le développement, FCDD), particularly its activities and the treatment of its members by the police and military authorities (2000-August 2005) - Aug. 2005 (PDF)
    • COD102793.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Treatment of members of the Army of Victory church and the Save the Congo movement by government authorities since thearrest and conviction of Pastor Kutino in May 2006 - Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • COD102794.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Situation of the Army of Victory church (Église Armée de la victoire), located on rue de l'Enseignement, and of the church's radiostation since the arrest of Pastor Kutino in May 2006 - Mar. 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Treatment of BDK including if any differentiation between ordinary and active members; Treatment of BDK/anyone who escapes prison - Dec. 2009 (PDF)
    • Information of prevalence of witchcraft/prophetic beliefs in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - Freedom of Religion - April 2013

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Sexual Orientation - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Gender Based Violence - Sept. 2018 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104815.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Situation of sexual minorities, including legislation and treatment by society and the authorities; state protection and support services (2011-Feb. 2014) - April 2014 (PDF)
    • COD103703.FE - Situation of homosexuals, including legislation and support services; treatment of homosexuals by society and government authorities (2008-February 2011) - Mar. 2011 (PDF)
    • COD100866.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The treatment of gays and lesbians and the state protection available against their discrimination and their being targeted (April 2003 - 2005) - Dec. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC43293.E - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): A copy of a document entitled Rapport de mission à Kinshasa (République démocratique du Congo) du 16 juin au 5 août 2002 and referred to in RDC40951.E of 4 April 2003 on the treatment of gays and lesbians and availability of state protection against discrimination and/or targeting - Jan. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI)
    • Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - LGBTI person - April 2013
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

U.S. Government Reports
  • CRS Report for Congress - Armed Groups Active in the DRC - Sept 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104769.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The armed group M23 (Mouvement du 23 mars), including information on its activities and the situation of its members and leaders; forced recruitment by the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the government in the eastern region of the country (February 2013-January 2014) - Feb. 2014 (PDF)
    • COD104292.FE - The armed group M23 (Mouvement du 23 Mars), including its activities in Goma; the ethnic makeup of the group, its objectives, affiliated groups, recruitment methods and areas of operation; treatment of its members by state security forces (2012-January 2013) - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • COD103696.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Information regarding Honoré Ngbanda; information indicating whether he was involved in the rebellion in Equator Province; information on the treatment of persons involved in the rebellion (2008 - March 2011) - Apr. 2011 (PDF)
    • COD101016.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Consequences of deserting the armed forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo, FARDC), including applicable sanctions (January 2006) - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • RDC43533.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Demonstrations that allegedly took place on 3 and 4 June 2004 in Kinshasa, including the arrest of members and supporters of the Congolese Rally for Democracy (Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie, RCDGoma) - Apr. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC43350.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Whether the rebel forces of the Congolese Rally for Democracy (Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie, RCD-Goma) took control of the Katende Catholic mission, in Eastern Kasai, on 27 June 1999, and committed violent acts against the nuns of the convent - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
    • RDC42521.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Treatment of a person whose family members served in the army under the regime of former President Mobutu (March 2004) - Mar. 2004 (PDF)
    • RDC42292.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The arrest and detention, following the assassination of Laurent-Désiré Kabila, of a lieutenant-colonel known as "Missy Sipy Kasongo," who was in charge of presidential security and security in the capital (2001-January 2004)- Jan. 2004 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - Democratic Republic Of Congo - THE AUGUST 1998 REBELLION AND AFFECTED GROUPS - Dec. 1998 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • If you resist, we'll shoot you - The democratic Republic of the Congo and the case for an effective arms trade treaty - 2012 (PDF)
  • Armed Conflict Report - 2009
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Armed groups operating in the DRC - June 2002 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “Special Mission” Recruitment of M23 Rebels to Suppress Protests in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Dec. 2017 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Any information on the armed group in the DRC known as M23? When was it founded? Any information on leadership, number of fighters, recent activities? - Jul. 2012 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Five Priorities for a Peace building Strategy - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
    • A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR - Jul. 2009 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Female Genital Mutilation

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Democratic Republic of the Congo (Excision) Extent practiced - June 2008 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Gender Based Violence - Sept. 2018 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104024.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) and legislation prohibiting the practice (2008-March 2012) - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
    • COD101519.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM), particularly whether a woman can be forced to undergo FGM against her and her parents' will; the consequences of refusing to undergo FGM; the possibility of filing a complaint; the availability of state protection (June 2006) - Jul. 2006 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Child Soldiers

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Gender Based Violence - Sept. 2018 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Child Soldiers Global Report - DRC - Apr. 2008 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on child soldiers in the DRC. Forced conscription into the DRC army. Forced conscription of minors into the DRC army. - Oct. 2009 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD35823 - Dec. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on returnees and failed asylum seekers to DRC and in particular whether people associated with the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) would be subject to ill-treatment or harm
    • COD35771 - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) and current political situation. Also provide any relevant information on the treatment of members 2007 and subsequently.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD105818.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Situation of people returning to the country after they either spent time abroad, claimed refugee status, or were seeking asylum - July 2017 (PDF)
    • COD100420.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Treatment by government authorities of people sent back to the Democratic Republic of Congo after their application for asylum abroad has been rejected (August 2005) - Aug. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information regarding the dangers for failed asylum seekers returning to the DRC - Jul. 2010 (PDF)
    • Forced prostitution in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Likelihood of harm to women who return to DRC - Sept. 2009 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD101230.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: A newspaper called NUMERICA published in Kinshasa, particularly an article titled "La famille n'a plus revu Géraldine Ndundu depuis plus de six mois," which appeared in issue No. 664 of 22 February 2005 - Apr. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Freedom House
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - Freedom of Press and Media - April 2013
  • Human Rights Watch  - 2018 (PDF)

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Timeline

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Chronology of Events - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Trafficking - Jun. 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Country of Origin Research and Information (CORI) - Democratic Republic of Congo; Human Rights Issues - Slavery, Forced Labor, and Trafficking - April 2013

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Sub-Saharan Africa - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2013

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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

 

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Updated September 24, 2018

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