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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports
  • State Department - Country Documents
  • RIC Report
    • Democratic Republic of Kinshasa, former Zaire (DRC): Information on the Role of the Immigration Services in Security Functions in the DRC and Control of Migration by DRC Immigration Service - Sept. 2001
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ201408.E - Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo: The legal status of Congolese citizens in Angola, including access to nationality, procedures and requirements to obtain citizenship (2021–April 2023) - Apr. 2023
    • COD201249.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Passports, including their contents, appearance and security features; requirements and procedures for obtaining them within the country and abroad, including documents required and verifications carried out by authorities before issuing a passport (2000–February 2023) - Mar. 2023
    • COD200965.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Prevalence and availability of fraudulent identity, administrative and legal documents (2020–March 2022) - Mar. 2022 
    • ZZZ200728.FE - Access to Rwandan nationality and dual citizenship with Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Uganda (2019–September 2021) - Sept. 2021
    • COD200505.FE - Civil status documents, including birth certificates, birth certificate extracts, birth registry extracts, certificates of notoriety in lieu of birth certificates (actes de notoriété supplétifs à un acte de naissance), suppletory judgments (judgements supplétifs), and the civil status record; requirements and steps to follow to obtain these documents; availability of fraudulent suppletory judgments and civil status records (2019–April 2021) - Apr. 2021
    • COD200186.FE - Requirements and procedures for the restoration of Congolese nationality after it was lost; the possibility for persons born in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) who were raised outside of the country to reacquire Congolese nationality; whether the children of Congolese nationals can acquire Congolese nationality - Apr. 2020
    • COD200187.FE - The consequences of living without civil status documents in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including birth, marriage or other certificates, as well as education documents; whether persons who are not registered with the civil status authorities may register the birth of a child; whether it is possible to obtain a passport without other civil status documents - Apr. 2020
    • COD106323.FE - Entry and exit procedures at the NDjili [N’Djili] International Airport [Aéroport International de Ndjili] in Kinshasa - July 2019
    • COD106122.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The biometric passport, including its appearance and security features; requirements and procedure for obtaining a biometric passport from inside and outside the country - July 2018
    • COD105815.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The coalition of opposition political parties, including political parties that are members of the coalition; the treatment of coalition members by the authorities - July 2018
    • COD103649.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Whether Congolese passports that are no longer in circulation bear the notation "2ème conseiller d'ambassade" (2nd Counsellor of the Embassy); whether the notation means that the passport was issued outside the country (2002 - 2006) - Dec. 2010

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • Country Of Origin Information (COI) Brief Report - Statelessness - Feb. 2023 
      1. Access to Identification documents (ie. IDs, passports) and basic rights for stateless individuals

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Children

US Government Reports
  • Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 202220212020, 2019
  • Congressional Research Reports - Child Soldiers Prevention Act: Security Assistance Restrictions - Oct. 2023Oct. 2022,  May 2022
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD200185.FE - The situation of human rights activists, including women’s and children’s rights activists; treatment by the authorities and by society - Apr. 2020
    • Issue Paper - Situation Of Children - Mar. 2004

International Government Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Situation of orphaned children or children without support network, including legal framework, availability of state protection and access to support services - Feb. 2024

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008
  • Minority Rights Group International
    • Minority and Indigenous Trends 2020: Democratic Republic of Congo: As Global demand for Cobalt Soars, Child Miners Pay the Price - Oct. 2020
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
    • Unprecedented school closures jeopardise the future of millions in West and Central Africa - Mar. 2023
    • Final Research Report - NRC's Never Too Late to Learn Programme in Tanzania and the DRC - Feb. 2023

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Corruption

Disabilities

International Government Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic Of Congo - Organic Law No. 22/003 of May 2022 on disability rights and access to services for people with disabilities, especially in Kinshasa - Aug. 2023

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Elections

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD201845.E - Voter cards, including their appearance, content, security features, and uses; requirements and procedures for obtaining and replacing a voter card; samples; fraud (2011-April 2024) - Apr. 2024
    • COD201847.E - Situation and treatment of members of the political opposition and the clergy by authorities, including during and since the 2023 electoral campaign (2022-March 2024) - Apr. 2024
    • COD106401.FE - Treatment of opposition members, clergy members and members of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social, UDPS) since the 2018 elections - Feb. 2020
    • COD106123.FE - Voter cards, their appearance, security features and uses; requirements and procedures for obtaining a voter card - July 2018
    • COD101015.FE - The constitutional referendum from 18 to 19 December 2005, particularly the conditions of the referendum, its results, and the reactions of independent observers and opponents (February 2006) - Feb. 2006

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Dismantling Dissent - DRC’S Repression Of Expression Amidst Electoral Delays – Sept. 2016
  • International Crisis Group

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD36159 - Mar. 2010
      1. Please provide information on the treatment of members of the Bazimba tribe and the Muzimba tribe both in Kinshasa and elsewhere in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD200188.FE - Traditional practices of tshibindi and tshibawu in Kasai, including the purpose of these practices and consequences of refusing to follow them - Apr. 2020
    • COD104852.E - Marriage practices among the Luba, including frequency of forced marriage for adult women, as well as the possibility for a person to marry someone of a different ethnicity or from a different region; recourse available to Luba women in cases of forced marriage, including levirate marriage (2010-April 2014) - May 2014

International Government Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Security situation in Kinshasa - Feb. 2024

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016
    • To Purge the Forest by Force: Organized violence against Batwa in Kahuzi-Biega National Park - May 2022
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview - 2016

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Banyarwanda (Hutus, Tutsis, Twa)

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD36387 - Mar. 2010
      1. Please provide details of the Banyamulenge tribe. Please include any tribal background and history, any involvement of the Banyamulenge tribe in conflicts (particularly post 1994), any physical and linguistic attributes of members of the tribe, and any discrimination in the Democratic Republic of the Congo against members of the Banyamulenge tribe
      2. Banyamulenge Tribe - Zimba Tribe - Communal Violence - Please provide any details of the Bazimba or Zimba tribe including physical and linguistic attributes of members of the tribe and details of any traditional and current tribal lands.

International Government Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Treatment of the Banyamulenge by society and the state in North Kivu and Kinshasa; state protection available - Aug. 2023

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • The Situation of the Banyamulenge (2020 to March 2022) - Apr. 2022 
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Recent information on treatment afforded to Banyamulenge Tutsis by State agents and non-State agents in the DRC, particularly eastern DRC - Mar. 2009
  • World Directory of Minorities - Banyarwanda

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Bata and Bambuti

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Kasaians

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race / Tribe - Ngbandi

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RDC42470.E - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Treatment of members of the Ngbandi tribe (March 2004) - Mar. 2004
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Ngbandi

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Gender

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD35554 - Oct. 2009
      1. Please provide any research as to whether, in the Congo within a large family, one of the older siblings might be regarded as the "family head" or otherwise be regarded (informally or legally) as having the permanent care of a younger sibling?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD200185.FE - The situation of human rights activists, including women’s and children’s rights activists; treatment by the authorities and by society - Apr. 2020
    • COD104852.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Marriage practices among the Luba, including frequency of forced marriage for adult women, as well as the possibility for a person to marry someone of a different ethnicity or from a different region; recourse available to Luba women in cases of forced marriage, including levirate marriage (2010-April 2014) - May 2014
  • UK Home Office Report
    • Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Women fearing gender-based harm or violence - Sept. 2018

International Government Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Security situation in Kinshasa - Feb. 2024
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Situation of women who have children out of wedlock, including legal framework, treatment by society, and access to support services. - Feb. 2024
    • COI Query - Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) against women, including sexual and domestic violence, conflict-related sexual violence, trafficking for sexual exploitation, traditional harmful practices, and early and forced marriage; legislation; social attitudes; availability of state protection; access to support services - Feb. 2024
    • COI Query - Situation of women without a support network in Kinshasa - Aug. 202 

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on Marriage Formalities in DR Congo - May 2011  
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Ending Impunity for Sexual Violence - New Judicial Mechanism Needed to Bring Perpetrators to Justice - June 2014

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ201409.E - Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo: Situation and treatment of Congolese nationals and people of Congolese descent by society and state authorities in Angola, including ability to access housing, employment, education, and health care (2021–March 2023) - Mar. 2023
    • COD201411.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Situation and treatment of human rights defenders by authorities; state protection (2021– March 2023) - Mar. 2023
    • COD200185.FE - The situation of human rights activists, including women’s and children’s rights activists; treatment by the authorities and by society - Apr. 2020
    • COD105816.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Requirements and procedures for filing a criminal complaint, including documents received by the complainant; whether the complaint file is accessible to the complainant, including the procedure to obtain a copy of the file in the country and from abroad; whether the DRC has a standard complaint form - July 2017
    • COD103548.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: information on the group, youth for human rights, liberty and unity (Jeunesse pour les droits de l'homme, les libertés et l'unité, JDHLU) and the treatment of its members by the authorities - Jul. 2010

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Congro (DR) - Treatment of members of the Engagement for Citizenship and Development (Engagement pour la Citoyenneté et le Développement, ECIDé) political group by the state - Mar. 2024
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Security situation in Kinshasa - Feb. 2024
    • Country Of Origin Information (COI) Brief Report - Statelessness - Feb. 2023 
    • Country Of Origin Information (COI) Brief Report - Democratic Republic of the Congo Socioeconomic conditions in Kinshasa - Oct. 2022

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International Reports: The state of the World’s Human Right - Apr. 20242022/20232022/2120192017/18
  • Amnesty International Profiles
    • Death Sentences and Executions 2020
    • On the back of the crisis. Violations of the right to health and repression of economic and social rights defenders in the Republic of Congo - April 2021
    • The State of African Regional Human Rights Bodies and Mechanisms 2019-2020 - Oct. 2020
    • Dismissed! Victims of 2015-2018 brutal crackdowns in the Democratic Republic of Congo denied justice - June 2020
    • Death Sentences and Executions 2019 - Apr. 2020
    • If you resist, we'll shoot you - The democratic Republic of the Congo and the case for an effective arms trade treaty - 2012
    • Human Rights Defenders under attack in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - 2010
  • Human Rights Watch Annual Reports - 2024, 20232022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014 
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • A DIRTY INVESTMENT "European Development Banks" Link to Abuses in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Palm Oil Industry - Nov. 2019
  • Freedom House
  • International Crisis Group
    • Mineral Concessions: Avoiding Conflict in DR Congo’s Mining Heartland - June 2020
    • Security Sector Reform in the Congo - Feb. 2006
    • Katanga: The Congo's Forgotten Crisis -  Jan. 2006
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
    • The world's most neglected displacement crises in 2022 - May 2023 
    • Breaking the glass ceiling: A smarter approach to protection financing – Nov. 2020

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Justice System

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD201410.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Documents issued by the Congolese National Police (Police nationale congolaise, PNC), including wanted notices (avis de recherche), police reports and appearance notices (citations à comparaître); their appearance, their security features and the procedure for obtaining these documents; samples (2021–March 2023) - March 2023
    • COD105816.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Requirements and procedures for filing a criminal complaint, including documents received by the complainant; whether the complaint file is accessible to the complainant, including the procedure to obtain a copy of the file in the country and from abroad; whether the DRC has a standard complaint form - July 2017
    • COD105817.FE - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Prison conditions in Kinshasa, including the treatment of prisoners - June 2017
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International Reports
    • The time for Justice is Now - The DRC - 2011
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Operation Likofi - Police Killings and Enforced Disappearances in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo - Nov. 2014
    • Ending Impunity for Sexual Violence - New Judicial Mechanism Needed to Bring Perpetrators to Justice - June 2014

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Law

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD106324.FE - The National Intelligence Agency (Agence nationale de renseignements, ANR), including its mission, structure, territorial jurisdictions, co-operation with other state actors, and the documents it issues - July 2019

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Maps

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104021.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: Mobility and methods of transportation between Grand Kivu and Kinshasa - Apr. 2012

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • Situation map with administrative divisions (province level) on the distribution of refugees, asylum seekers, IDPs and returnees - Feb. 2024

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Medical Availability

US Government Reports

  • Congressional Research Service
    • Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak: Democratic Republic of Congo - Sept 27, 2019

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104104.FE - The treatment of people with mental health disorders; protection and services provided by the state - June 2012
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International Reports
    • On the back of the crisis. Violations of the right to health and repression of economic and social rights defenders in the Republic of Congo - April 2021

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports
  • CIA - Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD36159 - Mar. 2010
      1. Please provide an update on the security and political situation in Congo.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD201846.E - The Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social, UDPS) political party, including its political agenda, structure, and leaders; documents issued to its members, including membership cards; treatment of members by the authorities (2022-March 2024) - Apr. 2024
    • COD201847.E - Situation and treatment of members of the political opposition and the clergy by authorities, including during and since the 2023 electoral campaign (2022-March 2024) - Apr. 2024
    • COD200925.E -  Treatment of participants in the 2018 pro-democracy movement by the government of President Felix Tshisekedi, particularly treatment of members of the Filimbi group, individuals who demonstrated in 2017 and 2018 in favour of the New Year's Eve political agreement (Accord de la Saint-Sylvestre) of 31 December 2016, as well as participants in the marches organized on 25 February 2018 by the Lay Coordination Committee (Comité laic de coordination, CLC) (2017–January 2023) - Mar. 2023
    • COD106315.FE - Treatment of opposition members since the 2018 elections, including members of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social, UDPS), as well as clergy - July 2019
    • COD106125.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Bundu dia Kongo (BDK) movement, including its political agenda, structure, offices and documents issued to members; relations with the government and with other political parties; treatment of members by the authorities - July 2018
    • COD106124.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: The Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social, UDPS), including its political agenda, structure and leaders; documents issued to members; relations with the government and treatment of members by the authorities - July 2018
  • UK Home Office Report
    • Country Policy and Information Note DRC: Opposition to the government - Nov.  2023

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Security situation in Kinshasa - Feb. 2024
    • EASO COI Query:  Democratic Republic of the Congo: Security situation in Kinshasa (covering 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2021) - July 2021

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Information on the political situation in Kinshasa: Query Response - Apr. 2017
      1. Situation of individuals who took part in the demonstrations of January 2015 in Kinshasa with a specific focus on those who were arrested during the demonstrations.
      2. Situation of individuals who have or are perceived to have political affiliations in Kinshasa.
      3. Situation of individuals who provide services to politicians or public figures.
  • International Crisis Group
    • Congo: A Stalled Democratic Agenda - Apr. 2010
    • The Congo's Transition is Failing: Crisis in the Kivus - Mar. 2005

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Refugees / IDPs

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ201409.E - Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo: Situation and treatment of Congolese nationals and people of Congolese descent by society and state authorities in Angola, including ability to access housing, employment, education, and health care (2021–March 2023) - Mar. 2023
    • ZZZ105754.E - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda: Activities of Burundian militias in Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo,Tanzania and Uganda, including relationship with Burundian refugees (2015-February 2017) - Mar. 2017
  • Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
    • The world's most neglected displacement crises in 2021 - June 2022
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Security situation in Kinshasa - Feb. 2024
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • Situation map with administrative divisions (province level) on the distribution of refugees, asylum seekers, IDPs and returnees - Feb. 2024
    • Position on Returns to North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri and Adjacent Areas in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Affected by Ongoing Conflict and Violence – Update II - September 2019
    • UNHCR position on returns to North Kivu, South Kivu and adjacent areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo affected by on-going conflict and violence in the region Update I - September 2014

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Profiles
    • Always on the Run - The Vicious Cycle of Displacement in Eastern Congo - Sept. 2010
  • Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
    • Country Report on internal displacement in 2021 - Dec. 2021
    • Severity of internal displacement Report - Nov. 2021
    • Annual Report - July 2021
    • Africa Report on Internal Displacement - 2019
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
    • Fact sheet on the breakdown of refugees, aslyum-seekers and IDPs in Southern Africa (as of April 2023) - July 2023

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Religion

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD100468.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: An organization called Christian Women for Democracy and Development (Femmes chrétiennes pour la démocratie et le développement, FCDD), particularly its activities and the treatment of its members by the police and military authorities (2000-August 2005) - Aug. 2005

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Sexual Orientation

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD200957.E - Treatment of individuals based on their sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, and/or sex characteristics (SOGIESC) by society and authorities, including legislation, state protection and support services (2020–February 2022) - Mar. 2022
    • COD200507.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: Domestic and sexual violence, including treatment of survivors; legislation; state protection and support services (2019–March 2021) - March 2021

International Government Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • COI Query - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Situation of LGBTIQ people; legislation and implementation; treatment by the state; treatment by society; availability of state protection; access to support services - Feb. 2024 

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104769.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The armed group M23 (Mouvement du 23 mars), including information on its activities and the situation of its members and leaders; forced recruitment by the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the government in the eastern region of the country (February 2013-January 2014) - Feb. 2014
    • COD104292.FE - The armed group M23 (Mouvement du 23 Mars), including its activities in Goma; the ethnic makeup of the group, its objectives, affiliated groups, recruitment methods and areas of operation; treatment of its members by state security forces (2012-January 2013) - Jan. 2013

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “Special Mission” Recruitment of M23 Rebels to Suppress Protests in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Dec. 2017
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Any information on the armed group in the DRC known as M23? When was it founded? Any information on leadership, number of fighters, recent activities? - Jul. 2012
  • International Crisis Group
    • Ending the Cycle of Violence in Ituri - July 2020
    • Mineral Concessions: Avoiding Conflict in DR Congo’s Mining Heartland - June 2020
    • Five Priorities for a Peace building Strategy - Apr. 2009
    • A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR - Jul. 2009

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Specific Country Issues - Female Genital Mutilation

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD104024.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo: The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) and legislation prohibiting the practice (2008-March 2012) - Apr. 2012

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Specific Country Issues - Child Soldiers

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Child Soldiers Global Report - DRC - Apr. 2008

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COD35823 - Dec. 2009
      1. Please provide information on returnees and failed asylum seekers to DRC and in particular whether people associated with the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) would be subject to ill-treatment or harm
    • COD35771 - Nov. 2009
      1. Please provide information on the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) and current political situation. Also provide any relevant information on the treatment of members 2007 and subsequently.
  • UK Home Office Report - Country Policy and Information Note

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF)
    • Apostasy, Blasphemy, and Hate Speech - Intersection of Blasphemy and Hate Speech in Africa - Dec. 2019
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COD101230.FE - Democratic Republic of Congo: A newspaper called NUMERICA published in Kinshasa, particularly an article titled "La famille n'a plus revu Géraldine Ndundu depuis plus de six mois," which appeared in issue No. 664 of 22 February 2005 - Apr. 2006

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Timeline

Trafficking

US Government Reports

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Sub-Saharan Africa - 2009

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Terrorism

US Government Reports

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Torture

Updated April 30, 2024