Republic of Kenya

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Citizenship and Nationality - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN105671.E - Ability of refugees with a refugee identity card to travel outside Kenya; whether such travel affects refugee status or card renewal; ability to reinstate status - Nov. 2016
    • KEN104136.E - Kenya: Requirements and procedures for the spouse of a Kenyan citizen to obtain citizenship; whether someone who lived in Kenya and was married to a Kenyan citizen for over seven years, but whose spouse died, has the rights to Kenyan citizenship - Aug. 2012 (PDF)
    • KEN101653.E - Explanation of entry and exit stamps and immigration notations found in passports - Oct. 2006 (PDF)
    • KEN100302.E - Documentation required and procedures to be followed by a parent wishing to travel abroad with a minor child in the absence, or without the consent, of the second parent - Jul. 2005 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF),  2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Children - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN100302.E - Documentation required and procedures to be followed by a parent wishing to travel abroad with a minor child in the absence, or without the consent, of the second parent - Jul. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Child Soldiers Global International - 2008 (PDF)
  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Needless Pain: Government Failure to Provide Palliative Care for Children in Kenya - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • "In the shadow of death: HIV/AIDS and Children's Rights in Kenya" - June 2001 (PDF)
    • SPARE THE CHILD: Corporal Punishment in Kenyan Schools - 1999
    • Juvenile Injustice: Police abuse and detention of street children in Kenya - Jun. 1997 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN34144 - Dec. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide any information on the protection of "whistle-blowers", who expose corruption in the Kenyan government.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN101592.FE - Kenya: Corruption within the government and the police force (2002 - August 2006) - Sept. 2006 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Disability - May 2013 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service - Kenya: Background and Current Situation - May 2003 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Elections - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN37736 - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Were the elections held in 2007 or 2008?
    • KEN34320 - Jan. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Were elections held in Kenya on 27 December 2007?
      2. When were the results of the election available?
      3. Did William Kabogo lose the election?
      4. Was the election won by George Thuo?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN42243.E - The Catholic Justice and Peace Commission (CJPC) in Nairobi; its activities, objectives, executive members and advocacy work, and the name of the chairman of the national youth section; whether the CJPC was involved in a conflict in December 2001 between the Nubi and Luo communities of Kibera, and whether the Green Belt Movement was also involved; situation of the CJPC following the December 2002 national elections - Jan. 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Election Guide - Recent Elections
  • Human Rights Watch  – 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “They Were Men in Uniform” Sexual Violence against Women and Girls in Kenya’s 2017 Elections - Dec. 2017 (PDF)
    • "Not Worth the Risk" - Threats to Free Expression Ahead of Kenya's 2017 Elections - May 2017 (PDF)
    • High Stakes - Political Violence and the 2013 Elections in Kenya - Feb. 2013 (PDF)
    • "We Were Sent to Kill You" - Gang Attacks in Western Kenya and the government's Failed Response - Apr. 2014
  • International Crisis Group
    • An Election Delay Can Help Avert Kenya’s Crisis - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
    • How to Ensure a Credible, Peaceful Presidential Vote in Kenya - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
    • Kenya's 2013 Elections - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on post election violence and consequences in Kenya - Jan. 2011 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National / Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Ethnic groups - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN103428.E - Kenya: Treatment of the Hindu Pattni community from India; whether Hindu Pattni are considered wealthy and therefore targeted; whether state protection is available to the Hindu community - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • KEN101593.FE - Protection offered by the state to people targeted by members of a sect or by devil worshippers; the governments official position on sects (2004 - Aug. 2006) - Sept. 2006 (PDF)
    • KEN43248.E - Information on the Kisii tribe, including customs, rituals and traditions; relationship between members of the Kisii and members of other tribes; relationship between persons who have left the Kisii tribe and members of the Kisii tribe; relationship between members of the Kisii and society in general (2004) - Jan. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
    • Victory for Kenya’s Ogiek as African Court sets major precedent for indigenous peoples’ land rights – May 2017 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Indian Origin

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN35127 - July 2009 (PDF)
      1. Have ethnic Indians in Kenya been targeted or are ethnic Indians being targeted by violence? If so, by whom (e.g. a particular tribe/political group?).
      2. Please provide any information which addresses the issue of whether or not ethnic Indians in Kenya have been or are being targeted, especially for the period December 2007 to now.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN100466.FE - Situation of people of Indian origin; whether Sikhs are treated differently than other people of Indian origin; state protection available to people of Indian origin (September 2002 - September 2005) - Sept. 2005 (PDF)
    • KEN103281.E - Kenya: Situation of persons of Indian origin; in particular, businessmen in Nairobi and Kisumu; whether there have been any reports of attacks against or looting of Indian businesses in these cities; availability of state protection (2007-2009) - Oct. 2009 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Kikuyu

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN37736 - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Are the Kikuyu subjected to serious harm by state and non-state agents in Kenya?
      2. Would they be afforded state protection?
    • KEN34521 - Mar. 2009 (PDF)
      1. What is the current situation for people of the Kikuyu ethnic group, particularly in Nairobi?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN102638.E - Treatment of Kikuyu in Nairobi (2005 - October 2007) - Nov. 2007 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Luo

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN38226 - Mar. 2011 (PDF)
      1. Is there continuing ethnic tension in Kenya between the Kikuyu and Luo tribes?
      2. To what extent do members of the Luo tribe suffer discrimination or harm from members of the Mungiki or from Kikuyu people generally?
      3. What is the situation in this regard in the Mathare area of Nairobi?
      4. Are there other areas of Nairobi or Kenya where people of the Luo tribe might be safe from tribal violence?
    • KEN36753 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there evidence to suggest that a woman from the Luo tribe who cannot work as a teacher because she is not qualified enough will also be denied medical treatment because she is unemployed and will be discriminated against in society generally and particularly in employment.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN100286.E - Whether a circumcised male of the Luo ethnic group would face repercussions from other members of the group and if so, the nature of the these repercussions and the availability of state protection - Jun. 2005 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Women - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN38226 - Mar. 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the treatment of single women and their children by the state and by Kenyan society generally.
      2. What protection is available to single women who might fear harm (including circumcision) or discrimination?
    • KEN36753 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there evidence to suggest that a woman from the Luo tribe who cannot work as a teacher because she is not qualified enough will also be denied medical treatment because she is unemployed and will be discriminated against in society generally and particularly in employment.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN102773.E - Widow inheritance amongst the Kisa sub-tribe of the Luhya tribe, including who is chosen to inherit the widow, the process by which he is chosen and repercussions if he refuses to inherit the widow; availability of state protection - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
    • KEN102613.E - Domestic violence; recourse and protection available to victims of domestic violence - Oct.2007 (PDF)
    • KEN101589.FE - The situation of women, including whether the practice of forced or arranged marriages exists and whether any laws punishing sex crimes exist - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
    • KEN100271.FE - Domestic violence; organizations and other resources for battered women; government programs, legislation and state protection available to women who are victims of domestic violence and their family members - Jul. 2005 (PDF)
    • KEN100287.E - Whether being a male victim of a rape would lead the public to believe one is a homosexual - Jun. 2005 (PDF)
    • KEN42875.E - Kenya: Whether forced marriage occurs outside the practice of "early forced marriage" or "wife inheritance"; whether an adult Kenyan woman can be forced to marry a husband selected by her parents; consequences for refusal; availability of state protection (2001-2004) - Aug. 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Insecurity and Indignity - Women's Experiences in the Slums of Nairobi, Kenya - 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “They Were Men in Uniform” Sexual Violence against Women and Girls in Kenya’s 2017 Elections - Dec. 2017 (PDF)
    • "I Am Not Dead, But I Am Not Living" - Jul. 2010 (PDF)
    • Double Standards: Women's Property Rights Violations in Kenya - Mar. 2003 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Human Rights - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN101588.FE - The state of the country, including the political situation, human rights, tribal conflicts and the cause of those conflicts - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
    • KEN100268.E - Information on an organization called Release Political Prisoners, including its current status and membership, the names of its officers, and whether its members are being targeted by the state - Jul. 2005 (PDF)
    • KEN42855.FE - Conditions in the country, including human rights and the current political situation (September 2003 - August 2004) - Aug. 2004 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance
    • Country Policy and Information Note Kenya: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Feb. 2018 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Submission to the United Nations Human Rights Committee for the 105th Session of the Human Rights Committee - 2012 (PDF)
    • The Unseen Majority - Nairobi's Two Million Slum-Dwellers - 2009 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2018 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF),  2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Kenya's Unfinished Democracy: A Human Rights Agenda for the New Government - Dec. 2002 (PDF)
    • Old Habits Die Hard: Rights Abuses Follow Renewed Foreign Aid Commitments - July 1995 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Judiciary - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN31420 - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
      1. What is the general level of state protection in Kenya?
      2. Are the authorities still pursuing suspects from the 1997 Mombasa riots?
      3. Are there penalties in Kenya for using false names/identities?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN101589.FE - Corruption within the government and the police force - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance
    • Country Policy and Information  Note - Nigeria: Prison conditions - Nov. 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch – 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "We Were Sent to Kill You" - Gang Attacks in Western Kenya and the government's Failed Response - Apr. 2014
    • "You All Are Terrorists" Kenyan Police Abuse of Refugees in Nairobi - May 2013 (PDF)

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Law

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Constitution - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF)

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Maps

Foreign Government Reports

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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports International Government Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on psychological and medical care in Kenya - Mar. 2009 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Needless Pain: Government Failure to Provide Palliative Care for Children in Kenya - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • "In the shadow of death: HIV/AIDS and Children's Rights in Kenya" - June 2001 (PDF)

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN37736 - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the PNU?
      2. Who are Kalenjin ODM affiliates?
    • KEN34144 - Dec. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide any information on the treatment of supporters of the Kenyan opposition.

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • International Crisis Group
    • Kenya’s Rift Valley: Old Wounds, Devolution’s New Anxieties - May 2017 (PDF)
    • Kenya’s Coast: Devolution Disappointed – July 2016 (PDF)
    • Kenya’s Somali North East:Devolution and Security - Nov. 2015 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Refugee - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN33716 - Aug. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Are there any reports of disturbances, violence or any indication that the situation in Eldoret or other areas could result in outbreaks of further violent conflict similar to that which occurred in December 2007-January 2008?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN105671.E - Ability of refugees with a refugee identity card to travel outside Kenya; whether such travel affects refugee status or card renewal; ability to reinstate status - Nov. 2016
    • ZZZ103868.E - Somalia/Kenya: Somali citizens who live in Kenyan refugee camps, including information on employment, education, health services and identity documentation - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
    • KEN42871.FE - Follow-up to KEN42671.FE of 15 June 2004 on the rights of a person who has obtained refugee status in Kenya, including the right to travel outside Kenya, the validity period of the refugee status, and the circumstances under which a person can lose that status (Aug. 2001-July 2004) - Jul. 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Kenya: Nowhere else to go: Forced returns of Somali refugees from Dadaab refugee camp, Kenya - Nov. 2016 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch  - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "You Are All Terrorists" - Kenyan Police Abuse of Refugees in Nairobi - May 2013 (PDF)
    • Hidden in Plain View: Refugees Living Without Protection in Nairobi and Kampala - Nov. 2002 (PDF)
    • Failing the Internally Displaced: The UNDP Displaced Persons Program in Kenya - Jun. 1997 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion -  2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), July - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
  • Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2016 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Religious Freedom - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN31420 - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
      1. Would a person accused of killing a police officer be afforded state protection sufficient to ensure that they can defend themselves against the charges?
      2. If a person's family threatens to kill them, for converting to Christianity, will they have access to protection from the state?
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons - May 2013 (PDF), Dec. 2011 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN38789 - Aug. 2011 (PDF)
      1. What is the specific offence (if any) with which a person would be charged if accused of being a homosexual man, or engaging in male same-sex sexual activity, in Kenya?
      2. What is the specific offence (if any) with which a person would be charged if accused of being a lesbian, or engaging in female same-sex sexual activity, in Kenya?
    • KEN38008 - Jan. 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide background information on the bisexual and homosexual community in Kenya, including estimates of proportion / population.
      1. Please provide information on the current laws on bisexuality and homosexuality in Kenya, including whether it is illegal to be bisexual or homosexual and the penalty for conviction of an offence under the relevant laws. Please also include information on the enforcement of the laws by the relevant authorities.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN103226.E - Situation of homosexuals; legislation, state protection and support services - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • KEN101591.FE - The attitude of society in general, and of government authorities in particular, toward homosexuals (2005- August 2006) - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
    • KEN43366.E - The treatment of homosexuals by authorities and by society in general (November 2002 - February 2005) - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
    • KEN100287.E - Whether being a male victim of a rape would lead the public to believe one is homosexual - Jun. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch  - 2018 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the legal status of lesbians in Kenya - Jan. 2011 (PDF)
    • Information on the current situation and treatment of lesbians in Kenya? - Jan. 2011 (PDF)
    • Information on the treatment of homosexuals in Kenya. Whether homosexual people are accepted by society. Whether they are subjected to harassment or violence. Whether homosexuality is illegal in Kenya. Whether this law is enforced. - Jun. 2010 (PDF)
    • Treatment of persons by the police who are homosexual - Sept. 2009 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - 2011 - Other Groups (Militias) (PDF)
  • Canada Response to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN104194.E - The Sabaot Land Defense Force (SLDF), including its leaders, structure, level of activity, and the treatment of members of this
      organization by the government (2008-2012) - Sept. 2012 (PDF)
    • KEN101588.FE - The state of the country, including the political situation, human rights, tribal conflicts and the cause of those conflicts. - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Specific Country Issues - Female Genital Mutilation

U.S. Government Reports
  • State Department - Kenya: Report on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female Genital Cutting (FGC) - Nov. 2003 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) - July 2017 (PDF), Feb. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN38226 - Mar. 2011 (PDF)
      1. Do the Mungiki or the Kikuyu tribe practice female circumcision?
      2. Are there any reports of Luo women being circumcised or threatened with circumcision by members of the Mungiki or the Kikuyu tribe?
    • KEN37004 - Jan. 2011 (PDF)
      1. Do the authorities protect people threatened with female genital mutilation?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN102625.E - The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM); the prevalence of FGM among specific ethnic groups; state protection available to victims - Oct. 2007 (PDF)
    • KEN43321.FE - The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM); state protection available to victims and to ethnic groups among which the practice is prevalent - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the current situation and treatment of women in relation to FGM - Oct. 2009 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Sect/Gang Activity

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Mungiki - Dec. 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN37736 - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Who are the Mungiki?
    • KEN37991 - Jul.2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information to suggest that Muslim Nubian gangs operate without hindrance in places such as Kisumu?
    • KEN37004 - Jul. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Are the Mungiki known to be active in these areas?
    • KEN34510 - Mar. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the profile of those who join or are recruited to the Mungiki. Is there evidence that Mungiki engage in social development type work?
    • KEN34320 - Jan. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please advise if the Mungiki demonstrated in Ruiru on or around 26 December 2007?
      1. Is the Mungiki largely Islamic?
      1. Do the National Youth Alliance issue membership cards with the word Mungiki on them?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN104629.E - The Sungu Sungu group, including activities and areas of operation; actions taken by authorities against the group; state protection available to victims (2010-2013) - Nov. 2013 (PDF)
    • KEN104594.E - The Mungiki sect, including organizational structure, leadership, membership, recruitment and activities; the relationship between the government and sects, including protection offered to victims of devil worshippers and sects, such as the Mungiki (2010-October 2013) - Nov. 2013 (PDF)
    • KEN103225.E - The Mungiki sect; leadership, membership and recruitment, organizational structure, activities and state protection available to its victims - Oct. 2007 (PDF)
    • KEN102637.E - Kenya: The Mungiki sect; leadership, membership and recruitment, organizational structure, activities and state protection available to its victims (2006 - October 2007) - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • KEN101593.FE - Protection offered by the state to people targeted by members of a sect or by devil worshippers; the government's official position on sects - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
    • KEN43322.FE - The Mungiki (Munguki) cult, including its organizational structure, its leaders, its criminal activities, and the state protection available to victims of this cult (June 2002 - February 2005) - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • "We Were Sent to Kill You" - Gang Attacks in Western Kenya and the government's Failed Response - April 2014
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the Mungiki in Gathaiki Karatini - 2010 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • KEN31420 - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
      1. Are failed asylum seekers returning to Kenya targeted or harmed by the authorities?
    • KEN31293 - Jan. 2007 (PDF)
      1. Can you provide information about the treatment of failed asylum seekers returning to Kenya, including those who departed illegally? Is there any evidence that the authorities impute a political opinion to failed asylum seekers and subject them to harm by reason of this imputation?
    • KEN30721 - Sept. 2006 (PDF)
      1. Can you provide information on the treatment of persons who departed Kenya illegally and/or who are then deported back to Kenya?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • KEN101594.E - Treatment of failed asylum seekers who return to Kenya - Sept. 2006 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Timeline

Foreign Government Reports Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Sub-Saharan Africa - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “Deaths and Disappearances” - Abuses in Counterterrorism Operations in Nairobi and in Northeastern Kenya – July 2016 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Al-Shabaab Five Years after Westgate: Still a Menace in East Africa - Sept. 2018 (PDF)


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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

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Updated October 25, 2018

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