Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance - Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation - Citizenship and nationality - Oct 2014 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK106044.E - Pakistan: Requirements and procedures to obtain a Family Registration Certificate (FRC), including from abroad; information contained on the FRC, including whether names of family members who are deceased or reside abroad appear on the document (2016-January 2018) - Jan. 2018 (PDF)
    • PAK106026.E - Pakistan: Tenant registration systems, including implementation; whether authorities share information on tenant registration (2015-December 2017) - Jan. 2018 (PDF)
    • PAK105715.E - Pakistan: Procedures to obtain a driver's license; appearance of driver's licenses (2013-January 2017) - Jan 2017 (PDF)
    • PAK105367.E - Pakistan: Whether a former Pakistani citizen can reaquire his/her Pakistani citizenship, including requirements and procedures (2012- November 2015) - December 2015 (PDF)
    • PAK105021.E  - Pakistan: Fraudulent documents, including non-identity documents such as academic qualification documents, travel documents, First Information Requests (FIRs), land ownership titles and newspaper articles, and identity documents including identity cards and birth certificates; methods of obtaining fraudulent documents and assessing the credibility of fraudulent documents(2012-December 2014) - Jan. 2015 (PDF)
    • PAK104671.E - Smart National Identity Card (SNIC), including content, validity period, purpose, and associated benefits - Nov. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104630.E - Validity period of a Computerised National Identity Card (CNIC), particularly whether CNICs for adults and seniors can have a date of issue where the day and month of the date of issue are different from the day and month of the expiration date - October 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104518.E - Whether the Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC) number changes when a person gets married; information added or changed on the CNIC after marriage (2003-July 2013) - July 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104519.E - Process for the registration of births, particularly in Karachi; whether children born in 2009 and 2010 in Karachi would be registered with both a District Municipal Corporation (DMC) and a Union Council Administration (UCA), with each issuing separate certificates with different registration numbers and details; type of certificate or registration extract issued (2009-2010) - July 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104255.E - Registration procedures and documents of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at in Canada, the US and the UK - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104253.E - Information on marriage registration, including mixed marriages - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104256.E - Registration procedures and documents of the Lahore Ahmadiyya associations in Canada, the US and the UK - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104251.E - Computerized National Identity Cards (CNICs), including overseas identity cards; issuance procedures - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104252.E - Certificate of domicile; requirements and procedures to obtain it - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104250.E - Requirements and procedures to obtain passports; multi-biometric electronic passports, including procedures for issuance within and outside the country, including Canada; manual passport procedures - Dec. 2012 (PDF)
    • PAK103835.E - Whether individuals can obtain a certified copy of a First Information Report (FIR) from abroad through a proxy, including where a proxy must go to obtain FIRs, and requirements and procedures - Jan. 2012 (PDF)
    • PAK103917.E - Fraudulent documents other than identity documents, including methods of obtaining fraudulent documents and assessing the credibility of fraudulent documents; First Information Reports (FIRs), newspaper articles, academic qualifications, and land ownership titles - Dec. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK103606.FE - Fraudulent documents - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • PAK103593.E - Whether the spouse of a citizen of Pakistan can acquire citizenship; if so, information requirements, procedures and documents needed - Oct. 2010 (PDF)
    • ZZZ103543.E - Whether the Embassy of the United States (US) in Pakistan issues non-immigrant visas to Afghan citizens residing in Afghanistan - July 2010 (PDF)
    • PAK103282.E - Description of and procedures to obtain a driver's license - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK103308.E - Whether the Pakistan Citizenship Act, 1951 is still in effect, in particular Section 17 (certificate of domicile); the circumstances under which this certificate is needed and the process to obtain one; specifications for the photo used, for example, the size, colour of the background, and whether the photos are in colour or black and white - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK102657.E - Prevalence of fraudulent documents - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • PAK102652.E - Procedure to replace a lost Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC) including whether a new number is issued - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • PAK102654.E - Procedures to obtain an ordinary passport within Pakistan - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • PAK102651.E - Dates when the Computerized National Identity Cards (CNICs) were implemented by city or area; whether individuals can be tracked by their CNIC number; whether old National Identity Cards (NICs) are no longer used and whether they have to be updated - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • ZZZ101515.E - Whether a Hong Kong-born person holding a British National (Overseas) Passport, whose parents are naturalized Pakistani citizens, is entitled to British citizenship; the procedures and regulations associated with granting British citizenship to such a person; the rights held by such a person to travel to, and to work and remain in, the United Kingdom - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
    • ZZZ101211.E - Whether Russia allows dual citizenship with Pakistan, and whether Pakistan allows dual citizenship with Russia. - Apr. 2006 (PDF)

Non Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - COI Compilation - Citizenship/Nationality - June 2013

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • US Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports Non Government Organization Reports
  • Coalition to stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Report
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - COI Compilation - Women and Children - June 2013

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance - Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation - Corruption - Oct 2014 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105368.E - Pakistan: Police corruption; authorities responsible for receiving complaints against the police, including effectiveness; procedures to submit a complaint against the police (2012-January 2016) - Jan 2016 (PDF)
    • PAK103867.E - Police corruption; the authorities responsible for receiving complaints against the police, including their effectiveness; the procedures to submit a complaint; police training programs - Nov. 2011 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report - Pakistan: Rights of people with disabilities - June 2003 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Elections - Aug. 2013 (PDF)
Non-Government Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices -
    • Other Societal Violence or Discrimination - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF)
    • National/Racial/Ethnic Minorities - 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - COI Compilation - Ethnicity - June 2013
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Baluchis (Baloch)

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Hazaras

Foreign Government Reports Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch - "We are the Walking Dead": Killings of Shia Hazaras in Balochistan, Pakistan - June 2014 (PDF)
  • Ireland Documentation Center
    • Information on an attack by the Taliban in Hazara town in Quetta between June 2012 and April 2013 - April 2013 (PDF)
    • Treatment of Hazara's in Pakistan - Apr. 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Mohajirs

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK104126.E - Situation and treatment of Muhajirs, particularily in Lahore, Islamabad and Faisalabad; situation and treatment of members of the Pakistan People's Party in Lahore, Islamabad and Faisalabad; whether the Muttahida Qaumi Movement targets Pakistan People's Party members in these cities - July 2012 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF),  2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance -
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Women - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • honour killing of men; availability of state protection - July 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105023.E - Pakistan: Recourse and resources available to female victims of violence in Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore (2013-December 2014) - Jan. 2015 (PDF)
    • PAK104701.E - Practice of polygamy, including legislation; rights of the first wife versus the second, including whether she has the right to refuse a second wife (2011-2013) - December 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104261.E - Domestic violence, including effectiveness of the Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006; state protection and services available to victims - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104257.E - Honour killings targeting men and women - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK103957.E - Arranged marriages between Sunnis and Shias, including whether families are aware of the religions of both families before they agree to the arrangement, particularly in the city of Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir - Feb. 2012 (PDF)
    • PAK103864.E - The Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006 and its implementation - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK103608.E - Circumstances under which a woman has the legal right to get a divorce through the courts (judicial divorce) through her own initiative; circumstances under which single women can live alone - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • PAK103284.E - Resources available to female victims of violence in Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK102656.E - Circumstances under which single women could live alone - Dec. 2007 (PDF)
    • PAK102659.E - The Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006 and its implementation - Dec. 2007 (PDF)
Non-Governmental Organizaton Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Report
  • Ireland Documentation Center
    • Information regarding the treatment of females in Pakistan. - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) -
    • COI Compilation - Women and Children - June 2013 (PDF)
    • Pakistan Update - Women and Children - May 2001 (PDF)
    • Pakistan: 5th UNHCR Country of Origin Information Workshop Final Report - Women and Children - May 2000 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance - Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation- Human rights violations and impunity - Oct 2014 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Human Rights - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK104257.E - Honour killings targeting men and women - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK103866.E - Criminal activity and violence in Karachi perpetrated or directed by political, ethnic or religious groups, including the state's response - Dec. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK103865.E - The impact of the 2010 and 2011 floods, including on mobility, reconstruction, housing and shelter, employment and access to food - Dec. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK103265.E - The situation of men who refuse to participate in arranged marriages set up by their parents - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK101175.E - Honour killings targeting men and women, especially in the northern areas - Jan. 2007 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance -
    • Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation - Judiciary and the rule of law  -  June 2017 (PDF)
    • Pakistan: Land disputes - Jan 2017 (PDF)
    • Pakistan: Prison Conditions - June 2016 (PDF)
    • Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation -
      • Police links across Pakistan - Oct 2014 (PDF)
      • Actors of protection - Oct 2014 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Judiciary - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105672.E - Pakistan: Information on state efforts to prosecute terrorist groups, including through special courts; activities to combat and prosecute Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) (2015-December 2016) - Jan. 2017 (PDF)
    • PAK105368.E - Pakistan: Police corruption; authorities responsible for receiving complaints against the police, including effectiveness; procedures to submit a complaint against the police (2012-January 2016) - Jan 2016 (PDF)
    • PAK105370.E - Pakistan: Requirements and procedures for issuance of a valid arrest warrant; whether requirements are adhered to in practice (2014-December 2015) - December 2015 (PDF)
    • PAK104714.E - First Information Reports (FIRs) (2010-December 2013) - Jan. 2014 (PDF)
    • PAK103605.E - First Information Reports (FIRs) - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • PAK103608.E - Circumstances under which a woman has the legal right to get a divorce through the courts (judicial divorce) through her own initiative; circumstances under which single women can live alone - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • PAK103607.E - Requirements of a valid arrest warrant; whether these requirements are adhered to in practice - Oct. 2010 (PDF)
    • PAK103292.E - Intermarriage between a non-Ahmadi Muslim and an Ahmadi; whether the marriage would be legally recognized; the consequences for the couple and the officiant of the marriage - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK102658.E - The issuance of fatawa; the manner in which they are publicized; their influence; whether they are outlawed; whether they are still being issued - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • PAK101771.E - Information on the murder of Dr. Ibne Hassan on 16 August 2003 in Karachi; whether anyone has been charged or claimed responsibility; whether there are suspects; whether there is a trial pending - Oct. 2006 (PDF)
    • PAK101772.E - The arrest of Qari Abdul Hai (alias Qari Asadullah, Talha) on 29 May 2003 in Muzaffargarh, near Multan; whether he was released or kept in custody after his arrest; his current status - Oct. 2006 (PDF)
Non Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • “This Crooked System” - Police Abuse and Reform in Pakistan - Sept 2016 (PDF)

    • "What Are Your Doing Here?" Police Abuses Against Afghans in Pakistan - Nov 2015 (PDF)
    • Prison Bound: The Denial of Juvenile Justice in Pakistan - 1999 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group - Policing Urban Violence in Pakistan - Jan. 2014 (PDF)

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Law

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Constitution - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK104260.E - Blasphemy laws, including legislation, implementation, related violence, reform, and state reponse - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK103864.E - The Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006 and its implementation - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK102659.E - The Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act, 2006 and its implementation - Dec. 2007 (PDF)

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Maps

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Map - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)

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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Medical Issues - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK101756.E - Type of facility a victim of crime would use for medical treatment; medical documentation for victims of crime; procedures for treating victims of crime at private hospitals; the circumstances under which a private hospital would be required to transfer an injured patient to a public hospital (where a medico-legal team could perform an investigation) - Nov. 2006 (PDF)

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Parties - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • CIA - Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments
  • CRS Reports
    • Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments - Feb 2005 (PDF)
  • USCIS RIC Report
    • Please provide information on the Sharif government's treatment of Pakistan People's Party activists, and of the new military government's treatment of activists of both the Pakistan People's Party and the Muslim League - January 2000 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance - Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation- Political system - Oct 2014 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105814.E - Pakistan: The Jammu Kashmir National Awami Party (JKNAP), including history, structure, areas of operation, and activities; incidents of violence committed by party members; treatment of party members by authorities (2004-2016) - June 2017 (PDF)
    • PAK103657.FE - The Jammu Kashmir People's National Party (JKPNP), including its history, its members, the address of its regional offices, its principles, and its symbols; the treatment of members of the JKPNP by the general population, Pakistani authorities, nationalist religious groups, and other groups; the relationship between the United Kashmir People's National Party (UKPNP) and other groups seeking Kashmir's independence - Jan. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK103283.E - Treatment by authorities of Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and Pakistan Muslim League - Nawaz (PML-N) activists in Lahore and Karachi - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK103247.E - Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ); whether there is a relationship between the ASWJ and the Sipah-e-Sahaba (SSP); ASWJ leaders and officials in Pakistan, specifically in Jhelum district - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK102971.E - Summary of key political events during the period August 2008 to October 2008; changes in the availability of state protection, in the security situation and in the human rights situation during that period - Dec. 2008 (PDF)
    • PAK102573.E - Treatment of members of the United Kashmir People's National Party (UKPNP) by the military, government or other political groups following the October 1999 coup; whether members of the UKPNP have been arrested or detained by government authorities recently or in March 1997 due to protests in Islamabad, Kohala and Rara; the mandate of the UKPNP's publication "Kashmir Bulletin" and its editor and funders; whether Sardar Ishtiaq Hussain Khan is secretary general of the UKPNP; the address of the UKPNP Central Secretariat - Sept. 2007 (PDF)
    • PAK102074.E - The treatment of members, activists and workers of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) by the government, police and military; treatment by opposing political activists - Dec. 2006 (PDF)
    • PAK102075.E - The current status of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), including its activities, the number of members and its relationship with other political parties - Dec. 2006 (PDF)
    • PAK102076.E - Treatment of Pakistan Muslim League (PML) supporters by the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) - Dec. 2006 (PDF)
    • PAK102043.E - The procedure for applying for a Pakistan Origin Card (POC) and for a National Identity Card for Overseas Pakistanis (NICOP); a description of both cards, including whether the information contained on the POC is the same as the information on the NICOP; whether a thumb print is required for the POC and the NICOP - Nov. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Governmental Organization Report
  • Ireland Documentation Center -
    • Information on the Pakistan Peoples Party including activities, objectives, policies, leadership, membership, history and current situation, treatment of members and perceived members and supporters. In formation on whether there is free movement within the country for supporters and if they would experience any legal or practical problems moving. - June 2012 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group - Parliament's Role in Pakistan's Democratic Transition - Sept. 2013 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) -
    • Pakistan Update - Political activists - May 2001 (PDF)
    • Pakistan: 5th UNHCR Country of Origin Information Workshop Final Report - Political Structure - May 2000 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Report
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Pakistan: 5th UNHCR Country of Origin Information Workshop Final Report - Refugee status determination - May 2000 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), July - Dec. 2010 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • US Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF), 2008 (PDF), 2007 (PDF), 2006 (PDF)
    • USCIRF Prisoners in Pakistan arrested/sentenced for alleged activities considered blasphemous or religiously insulting - 2012 (PDF)
    • USCIRF's Study - Teaching Intolerance in Pakistan: Religious Bias in Public School Textbooks - April 2016 (PDF)
    • USCIRF's Study - Connecting the Dots: Education and Religious Discrimination in Pakistan - A Study of Public Schools and Madrassas - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance -
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Religious Freedom - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Structure and objective of the Mehdi Foundation and the perception of this movement/sect in Pakistan - Dec. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105713.E - Pakistan: Religious and ethnic groups in Rabwah, including population size and regional distribution; availability of employment and housing for Ahmadis; situation of Ahmadis, including social discrimination (2015-2016) - Jan. 2017 (PDF)
    • PAK105369.E - Pakistan: Situation of Ahmadis, including treatment by society and authorities; legal status and rights with regards to political participation, education, and employment (2013-January 2016) - January 2016 (PDF)
    • PAK104713.E - How Shia Muslims differ from Sunnis; treatment of Shias, particularly in Lahore and Multan; government response to violence against Shia Muslims (2010-December 2013) - Jan 2014 (PDF)
    • PAK104254.E - The situation of Ahmadis, including legal status and rights with regards to political participation, education, and employment; societal and governmental attitudes toward Ahmadis - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104259.E - Situation of Christians in Pakistan, including social and government attitudes, treatment and rights - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK104258.E - Religious conversion, including treatment of converts and forced conversions - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • PAK103568.E - Reports of ill-treatment of members of the Zikri sect in L - Aug. 2010 (PDF)
    • PAK102972.E - The situation of Ahmadis, including legal status and political, education and employment rights; societal attitudes toward Ahmadis - Dec. 2008 (PDF)
    • PAK102973.E - The treatment of Shias, specifically in Multan and Lahore; government response to violence against Shias - Dec. 2008 (PDF)
    • PAK102754.E - Procedures to obtain membership letters for individuals in Canada who claim to be of the Ahmadi faith; information individuals need to provide in order to receive such letters; the authorities who issue such letters - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
    • PAK102741.E - Response by the Chairman of the Government of Pakistan's Council of Islamic Ideology concerning the issuance of fatawa in Pakistan - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
    • PAK102650.E - Procedure followed by the headquarters of the Ahmadiyya movement in London to issue certificates or letters confirming membership, including the procedure to verify whether a person is an Ahmadi; offices that are authorized to issue membership certificates or letters including the persons who are authorized within those offices to issue such letters or certificates; significance of the registration number, including whether there is any difference if a person is a born Ahmadi or whether a person joined the movement as an adult; whether donations need to be made for a letter or certificate to be issued - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • ZZZ102078.E - Lahore Ahmadiyya organizations located in the United States (US); their mission and activities; their membership requirements, including whether an individual without status in the US can be a member; procedure for verifying membership - Dec. 2006 (PDF)
    • ZZZ102079.E - Lahore Ahmadiyya organizations located in Canada; their mission and activities; membership requirements including whether an individual without status in Canada can be a member; procedure for verification of membership - Dec. 2006 (PDF)
    • ZZZ102077.E - Qadiani Ahmadiyya organizations located in Canada and in the United States; their mission and activities; their membership requirements, including whether an individual without status in the country where the organization is located can be a member; procedure for verifying membership - Dec. 2006 (PDF)
    • PAK101055.E - Situation of members of the Lahori Ahmadiyya Movement in Pakistan; whether differences exist between the treatment of Lahori Ahmadis and Qadiani Ahmadis; procedure for verification of membership in Lahori Ahmadiyya Movement - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Governmental Organization Report
  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy (PDF)
  • Ireland Documentation Center
    • Pakistan: Information on blasphemy including: laws, treatment of accused by state and non-state actors and available state protection - October 2015
    • Information required on a Shia organisation called Tehreak Jafferiya - January 2014 (PDF)
    • Information required on the anti Shia group called "Lashkare Jhangvi" Have they targeted Shia students in Pakistan? - November 2013 (PDF)
    • Treatment of non-Muslims in Pakistan - Apr.2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) -
    • Pakistan Update - Religious Minorities - May 2001 (PDF)
    • Pakistan: 5th UNHCR Country of Origin Information Workshop Final Report - Religious Minorities - May 2000 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
  • UK Country information and guidance: sexual orientation and gender identity - April 2016 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105027.E - Pakistan: Incidents of violence or mistreatment involving sexual minorities in Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore; loss of employment or inability to rent housing due to sexual orientation (2014) - Jan 2015 (PDF)
    • PAK104712.E - Situation of sexual minorities in Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore, including treatment by society and authorities; state protection (2010-2013) - Jan 2014 (PDF)
    • PAK103862.E - Treatment of sexual minorities by society, government and religious authorities; recourse and protection available - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK103285.E - Situation of homosexuals in urban centres, particularly in Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore - Nov. 2009 (PDF)
    • PAK102660.E - Situation of homosexuals, including the application of laws towards homosexuals, the number of prosecutions of homosexuals and their outcomes; whether any regions have an open and active gay community - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
Non-Governmental Organization Report
  • Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo) - Pakistan: Homosexuals and homosexuality - May 2013 (PDF)

  • Ireland Documentation Center
    • What is the legal status of homosexuality in Pakistan? What penalties apply if it is illegal? How are homosexuals treated by government and by society? - July 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - COI Compilation - Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity - June 2013

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Specific Country Issues - Kashmir

Foreign Government Report
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance - Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation - Pakistan Administered Kashmir (Azad Kashmir) - Oct 2014 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Pakistan-administered Kashmir (Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) - May 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105578.E - Pakistan: The Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), including its objectives, leaders, and affiliations; treatment by authorities and society; situation near the Line of Control (2012 - July 2016) - July 2016 (PDF)
    • PAK103863.E - Treatment by state and non-state agents of individuals and political factions that support or advocate for Kashmiri independence - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
    • PAK103657.FE - The Jammu Kashmir People's National Party (JKPNP), including its history, its members, the address of its regional offices, its principles, and its symbols; the treatment of members of the JKPNP by the general population, Pakistani authorities, nationalist religious groups, and other groups; the relationship between the United Kashmir People's National Party (UKPNP) and other groups seeking Kashmir's independence - Jan. 2011 (PDF)
Non-Governmental Organization Report

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance - Pakistan: Fear of the Taliban and other militant groups - July 2014 (PDF)
  • Australian Government Refugee Review Tribunal
    • PAK39526 - Jan. 2012 (PDF)
      1. What evidence is there of individuals who are family members of members of the Pakistani army being targeted for harm by fundamentalist militant groups throughout Pakistan?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105064.E - Pakistan: Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) militant group, including its leaders, activities, and areas of operation; actions taken by authorities against JeM; state protection offered to people targeted by JeM (2013-January 2015) - February 2015 (PDF)

Non-Governmental Organization Report

  • Armed Conflicts Report - Jan 2009
  • International Crisis Group -
    • Pakistan: Stoking the Fire in Karachi - Feb. 2017 (PDF)
    • Pakistan's Jihadist Heartland: Southern Punjab - May 2016 (PDF)
  • Asylum Research Consultancy (ARC) -
    • Pakistan Country Report: The Situtaion in Pakistan - June 2018 (PDF)
    • Pakistan: Security Situation - July 2016 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office  - Country of Origins Information Report - Pakistan: Security Situation - Aug 2017 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Treatment of failed asylum seekers - Ethnic groups - June 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK102974.E - Treatment of failed refugee claimants in Pakistan, including whether failed Pakistani refugee claimants are interviewed and detained by the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) upon their return to Pakistan; whether there have been any amendments to the Passport Act 1974 and Emigration Ordinance 1979, and their application by Pakistani immigration and customs officials - Dec. 2008 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - COI Compilation - Treatment of persons returning from abroad - June 2013

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Specific Country Issues - Internal Relocation

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Reports - Country Information and Guidance - Pakistan: Background information, including actors of protection, and internal relocation - Oct 2014 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom Speech and Press -  2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF),  2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - "A Bullet Has Been Chosen For You" - Attacks On Journalists In Pakistan - April 2014 (PDF)
  • Freedom House

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Timeline

US Government Reports
  • CRS Reports - Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events - Mar 2005 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Tracking - Aug. 2013 (PDF), June 2012 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - COI Compilation - Trafficking of persons- June 2013

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - South Asia - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - Terrorist Safe Havens - 2016 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • PAK105672.E - Pakistan: Information on state efforts to prosecute terrorist groups, including through special courts; activities to combat and prosecute Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) (2015-December 2016) - Jan. 2017 (PDF)


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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment -  2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF),  2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF),

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report

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Updated July 25, 2018

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