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Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • ZZZ201329.E - Colombia and Venezuela: Access for Venezuelans to obtain legal residency status in Colombia, including rights and obligations of residency (2021–January 2023) - Jan 2023
    • ZZZ201371.E - Chile and Venezuela: Access for Venezuelans to obtain legal residency status in Chile, including rights and obligations of residency (2021–January 2023) - Jan. 2023
    • VEN101087.FE - Obtaining permanent resident status and the rights associated with that status (2005 - February 2006) - March 2006
    • VEN101126.FE - Procedures required for a person married to a Venezuelan to obtain Venezuelan citizenship; whether steps can be taken outside Venezuela or whether the person married to the Venezuelan must be living in Venezuela when applying for citizenship; personal documents that must be submitted during the procedures; the freedom of the Venezuelan authorities to accept or reject an application (2005 - February 2006) - Feb. 2006
    • VEN100306.E - Documentation required and procedures to be followed by a parent wishing to travel abroad with a minor child in the absence, or without the consent, of the second parent (2003-July 2005) - July 2005

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Children

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • VEN41656.E - Government organization for the protection of minors, specifically in cases of sexual exploitation, and the way in which a person can report to authorities a case of sexual exploitation (i.e. using minors for pornographic videos)2003. - June 2003
Non Government Reports
  • Coalition to stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008

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Corruption

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Immigration and Refugee Board (RIRs)
    • VEN105297.E Venezuela: Police corruption at the Pariaguán municipal police station in the Miranda district; police corruption at the Freites municipal police station, including in connection to the Director (2014-August 2015) -  Aug. 2015

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • International Crisis Group
    • Containing the Shock Waves from Venezuela - Mar. 2018

  • InSight Crime

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Disabilities

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Request (RIRs)
    • VEN201330.E - Venezuela: Availability of health care, including for persons with disabilities and older persons; treatment of persons with disabilities and older persons within the healthcare system (2021–January 2023) - Feb.2023

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Elections

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • VEN43006.E - Venezuela: The results of the recall referendum and any reports of violence that may have occurred during or after the referendum (15 August 2004-15 September 2004) - Sept. 2004

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Election Guide - Recent Elections
  • International Crisis Group
    • Navigating Venezuela’s Political Deadlock: The Road to Elections - Aug. 2023

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Ethnic Groups / Race

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the Worlds Minorities - 2016
  • Minority Rights Group International:  Peoples Under Threat - 2020
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Afro-Venezuelans

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Barí and Yukpa

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Pemón

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Pemon

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Warao and Kariña

Non-Government Organization Reports

Ethnic Groups / Race - Yabarana

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Yabarana

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Yanomami

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Yekuana

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Yekuana

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Gender

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • VEN100186.E - Venezuela: Domestic violence, including legislation, recourse and services available to victims (2003-June 2005). - July 2005

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International Profiles
    • Unprotected in Ecuador: Venezuelan refugee women survivors of gender-based violence - Nov. 2022 

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Americas: Regularization and protection: International obligations for the protection of Venezuelan nationals - Sept. 2023
    • Venezuela: Continuing grave human rights violations reinforce the need for maintaining scrutiny by international accountability mechanisms - July 2023 (PDF)
    • Amnesty International Report 2022/23: The state of the world’s human rights - Mar. 2023
    • Curaçao: Little improvement in the Protection of Venezuelans - Feb. 2023
    • Human Rights Lose Whilest Impunity Prevails - July 2021
    • Welcome Venezuela - 2019
    • Authorities must free human rights defender Orlando Moreno - April 2021
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "The Venezuelan Exodus" - The Need for a Regional Response to an Unprecedented Migration Crisis - Sept 2018
    • Tightening the Grip: Concentration and Abuse of Power in Chàvez's Venezuela. - July 2012
    • Rigging the Rule of Law - June 2004
  • International Crisis Group
    • Containing the Shock Waves from Venezuela. March 2018
    • Norwegian Refugee Council
      • The world's most neglected displacement crises in 2022 - May 2023 

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    Justice System

     

    Foreign Government Reports

    • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
      • VEN101085.FE - Venezuela: Description of organized crime or its operations; whether the government has taken measures against organized crime; measures taken by the government to guarantee the safety of witnesses to crimes (2004 - February 2006) - March 2006

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)

    Non-Government Organization Reports

    • Amnesty International
      • Venezuela: Continuing grave human rights violations reinforce the need for maintaining scrutiny by international accountability mechanisms - July 2023 (PDF)
      • Silenced by Force: Politically-Motivated Arbitrary Detentions in Venezuela - 2017
    • Human Rights Watch
    • The Guerrillas Are the Police - Jan 2020
    • International Crisis Group

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    Law

    Non-Available

    Maps


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    Medical Availability

    International Government Organization Reports
    • World Health Organization Page
     

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    Political Figures and Parties

    US Government Reports

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)

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    Refugees / Returnees/IDPs

     

    Foreign Government Reports

    • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
      • VEN106031.FE Venezuela: Treatment by the authorities and pro-government groups of failed refugee claimants who return to the country (2016-December 2017). Jan. 2018

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)

    Non-Government Organization Reports

    • Amnesty International Profiles 
      • Unprotected in Ecuador: Venezuelan refugee women survivors of gender-based violence - Nov. 2022 
    • International Crisis Group
      • Chile: “No one wants to live in hiding” Lack Of Protection For Venezuelan Refugees In Chile - Mar 2023
      • Hard Times in a Safe Haven: Protecting Venezuelan Migrants in Colombia - Aug. 2022

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    Religion

    US Government Reports

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    Sexual Orientation

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)

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    Specific Country Issues 

    Foreign Government Reports
    • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
      • VEN200954.E - Venezuela: Pro-government groups (also known as colectivos), including the Tupamaros [also known as the Revolutionary Tupamaros Movement (Movimiento Revolucionario Tupamaro, MRT)]; their areas of operation, objectives, activities, and relationship with the government, including instances of collusion; whether these groups operate under a unified command and the nature of cooperation among the different cells throughout the country (2021–January 2023) - Feb. 2023

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)
    • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
      • COI Query - Venezuela - Activities of the Bolivarian militia - April 2023 

    1.  Information on whether members of the Bolivarian Militia can simultaneously work in a public enterprise, while keeping the militia position

    1.1.  Background information on the Bolivarian Militia. 

    2.  Information on whether tasks of the members of the Bolivarian Militia include training of the colectivos members, especially regarding their treatment of protesters.

    3.  Information on consequences for members of the Bolivarian Militia who have refused to obey orders.


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      Specific Country Issues - Union Membership

      US Government Reports
      • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
        • Oil Market Effects from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Iran, Russia, Venezuela - Feb. 2020
      Foreign Government Reports
      • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
        • VEN42695.FE - Venezuela: Current situation of employees of the state oil company Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) who were discharged following their participation in strikes during December 2002 and April 2003; work reintegration; access to the public service and the private sector; whether private companies are instructed not to hire workers fired by PDVSA; remedies undertaken by unions to reinstate strikers in their former positions; whether strikers are targeted by harassment. - May 2004
      Non-Government Organization Reports

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      Specific Country Issues - Kidnapping

      Foreign Government Reports
      • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
        • VEN101127.FE - Venezuela: Whether Colombian guerrillas are present in Venezuela and whether they are involved in kidnappings, particularly in Caracas and in other cities, or in the eastern part of the country; measures taken by the Venezuelan authorities against the guerrillas (2004 - February 2006) - Feb 2006

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      Speech / Press / Internet

      Non Government Reports

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      Timeline

      Trafficking

      US Government Reports  

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      Terrorism

      US Government Reports

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      Torture

      Non-Government Organization Reports

      • Human Rights Watch - Crackdown on Dissent: Brutality, Torture, and Political Persecution in Venezuela - Nov. 2017

       

      Updated December 19, 2023