State of Libya

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY104666.E - Identification documents, including national identity cards (NID) and birth certificates; requirements and procedures for obtaining and renewing identity documents, both within the country and abroad; availability of fraudulent documents – November 2013 (PDF)
    • LBY103290.E - Process and procedures to follow for a Libyan citizen wanting to exit the international airport in Tripoli – November 2009 (PDF)
    • LBY42550.E - Update to LBY37617.E of 19 September 2001 on the treatment of private business owners and operators, including the issuance of business licenses and the government's role in the issuance process – April 2004 (PDF)
    • LBY42138.E - Follow-up to LBY41757.E of 11 July 2003 on whether Libyan citizens can obtain exit visas and use their own passports to depart from the airport at Tripoli, while being subject to judicial proceedings by the Libyan government – October 2003 (PDF)
    • LBY41737.E - Whether someone who is the subject of judicial proceedings initiated by the Libyan government can obtain an exit visa under his own name and depart through the airport at Tripoli using a passport in his name. – July 2003 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Nationality, Registration and Documents – Dec. 2014 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)

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Corruption

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Judiciary and Security Sector - Dec. 2014 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY42752.E - Situation of disabled persons – June 2004 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Participation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/Racial/Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Libya: Ethnic Minority Groups – June 2016 (PDF), February 2015 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY105016.E - Information on the Internet channel known as "Channel Toubou," including treatment of individuals running this channel by authorities; information on the Aman Organization Against Discrimination (AOAD), including its mandate, members, activities, as well as treatment of its members by society and authorities – December 2014 (PDF)
    • LBY104991.E - Situation of the Tebu ethnic group and their advocates, including treatment by society and authorities; relationship with other ethnic groups – November 2014 (PDF)
    • LBY104612.E - Treatment of members of the Al-Nawa'il tribe; availability of state protection – October 2013 (PDF)
    • LBY104237.FE - The situation of Amazighs (Berbers) and their treatment by society and the government since the fall of Muamar Qaddafi – October 2012 (PDF)
    • LBY42547.E - Update to LBY37272.E of 24 July 2001 on the situation of Berbers (Amazighs ), including their treatment by authorities and whether there are any known Berber opposition groups – April 2004 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Militias, Tribes and Islamists  - Dec. 2014 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race - Amazign (Berbers)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Disappearances in the besieged Nafusa Mountain as thousands seek safety in Tunisia – May 2011 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Mshashiya

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Tawarghas/Tawarghans/Tawurghans

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • ‘We Are Not Safe Anywhere” Tawarghas in Libya – June 2012 (PDF)
    • Militias threaten hopes for new Libya – February 2012 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Libya: - Jan. 2018 (PDF), Violence Against Women – October 2014 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY104667.E - Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection and support services – November 2013 (PDF)
    • LBY42988.E - Information on honour killings – September 2004 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)

Non-Governmental Organization Reports

  • Freedom House - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - March 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Reports
    • A Threat to Society? Arbitrary Detention of Women and Girls for “Social Rehabilitation” - February 2006 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY104945.E - The Libyan Observatory of Human Rights, including structure, mandate, executive members and activities; relationship with government authorities – August 2014 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • “Vanished Off the Face of the Earth’ Abducted Civilians in Libya – August 2015 (PDF)
    • ‘Libya is full of cruelty’ Stories of abductions, sexual violence and abductions from migrants and refugees – May 2015 (PDF)
    • ‘Benghazi’s descent into chaos’ Abductions, summary killings and other abuses – Jananuary 2015 (PDF)
    • Rule of the Gun:  Abductions, torture and other militia abuses in western Libya – October 2014 (PDF)
    • Libya - The day militias shot at protesters – November 2013 (PDF)
    • The Forgotten Victims of NATO Strikes - March 2012 (PDF)
    • The Battle for Libya: Killings, disappearances and torture – September 2011 (PDF)
    • Misratah – Under siege and under fire – May 2011 (PDF)
    • Libya of Tomorrow: What hope for human rights? – June 2010 (PDF)
    • ‘Long Struggle For Truth’ Enforced Disappearances in Libya - June 2010 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - Worst of the Worst: The Worlds Most Repressive Societies - 2012 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF),  2017 (PDF),  2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Unacknowledged Deaths - Civilian Casualties in NATO's Air Campaign in Libya - May 2012 (PDF)
    • Words to Deeds; The Urgent Need for Human Rights Reform - January 2006 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Libya: Prison conditions – September 2014 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Judiciary and Security Sector - Dec. 2014 (PDF)

Non-Governmental Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Militias threaten hopes for new Libya – February 2012 (PDF)
    • Detention Abuses Staining the New Libya – October 2011 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Reports
    • "The Endless Wait" Long-term Arbitrary Detentions and Torture in Western Libya - December 2015 (PDF)

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Law

Foreign Government Reports

  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Judiciary and Security Sector - Dec. 2014 (PDF)

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Maps

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY42729.E - Situation of HIV/AIDS; whether the state is dealing with the problem; attitude of the government; effort by UNICEF with regard to the disease; whether Libyan UNICEF workers dealing with HIV/AIDS have been subjected to threats; recent trial of Bulgarian nurses and Palestinian doctor; outcome of trial – June 2004 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Disappearances in the besieged Nafusa Mountain as thousands seek safety in Tunisia – May 2011 (PDF)

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY105034.E - Treatment of former prisoners who are deemed to be anti-Qaddafi by members of General Khalifa Haftar's coalition or by Qaddafi loyalists; state protection offered to these former prisoners by the current Regime – January 2015 (PDF)
    • LBY105017.E - Information on the anti-Gaddafi revolutionary (rebel) groups Jaduh and Yufferin, including background and activities; state protection offered to anti-Gaddafi rebel groups by the current regime – December 2014 (PDF)
    • LBY104472.E - The Zintan brigade, including areas of operation and its relationship with the government; whether it is involved in instances of human rights abuses – June 2013 (PDF)
    • LBY104243.E - Overview of the political situation since the fall of Moammar Qaddafi – December 2012 (PDF)
    • LBY104242.E - Situation and treatment of those perceived to be loyal to Qaddafi since his fall; state protection – December 2012 (PDF)
    • LBY101307.FE - The Djava Khalifa Haftar movement, whose founding leader is reportedly a soldier named Khalifah Haftar, who currently in exile in the United States – May 2006 (PDF)
    • LBY42763.E - Muammar Qaddafi's family; whether his sons hold official positions, in particular his son al-Saedi Muammar – July 2004 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • Death of a Dictator - Bloody Vengeance in Sirte - October 2012 (PDF)
    • Delivered Into Enemy Hands - US-Led Abuse and Rendition of Opponents to Gaddafi's Libya - September 2012 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amensty International
    • Libya's Dark Web of Collusion: Abuses Against Europe-bound Refugees and Migrants – Dec. 2017 (PDF)
    • “Vanished Off the Face of the Earth’ Abducted Civilians in Libya – August 2015 (PDF)
    • Scapegoats of Fear - Rights of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants abused in Libya – June 2013 (PDF)
    • "We are foreigners, we have no rights": The plight of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants in Libya - November 2012 (PDF)
    • Europe, now is your time to act: Refugees forced out of Libya urgently need resettlement – September 2011 (PDF)
    • Disappearances in the besieged Nafusa Mountain as thousands seek safety in Tunisia – May 2011 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Reports
    • "You are all Terrorists": Kenyan Police Abuse of Refugees in Nairobi - May 2013 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY105035.E - Situation of Christians, including treatment by the current regime, various armed groups, and society. – January 2015 (PDF)
    • LBY100634.FE - Situation of Muslims who have converted to Christianity; treatment by society and the authorities – October 2005 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY104913.E - Situation of sexual minorities, including legislation; treatment by society and authorities; state protection and available services – July 2014 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - ISIS

Foreign Government Reports

  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Militias, Tribes and Islamists - Dec. 2014 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • “We Feel We Are Cursed”  Life under ISIS in Sirte, Libya - May 2016 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • How the Islamic State Rose, Fell and Could Rise Again in the Maghreb - July 2017 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Military/Security Forces

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Security and humanitarian situation - Jan. 2018 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY105055.E - Treatment of returnees, including failed refugee claimants and international students supported by the Qaddafi – January 2015 (PDF)
    • ZZZ41791.E - A treaty or agreement between Libya and Tunisia whereby Tunisia would send Libyan citizens who try to claim refugee status in Tunisia back to Libya –July 2003 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • Pushed Back, Pushed Around: Italy’s Forced Return of Boat Migrants and Asylum Seekers, Libya’s Mistreatment of Migrants and Asylum Seekers - September 2009 (PDF)
    • Stemming the Flow: Abuses Against Migrants, Asylum Seekers and Refugees - September 2006 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Timeline

Media


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Trafficking

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Humans -2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department Trafficking in Persons Report - Libya - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
    • State Department Country Reports - Terrorist Safte Havens - 2016 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests
    • LBY42502.E - The Muslim Brotherhood, including its mandate, structure, status and links to terrorist activities or human rights violations – May 2004 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF)

 

Updated September 26, 2018

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