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Civil Division

NOTICE-Service of Process on the United States Attorney in Civil Cases

AUSAs in the Civil Division represent the United States in civil law suits in state and federal courts throughout the SDTX. The assigned attorney remains responsible for a civil case from the trial court proceedings through appellate review at the U.S. Courts of Appeals. Representation can be for the U.S. as plaintiff or a creditor in bankruptcy proceedings and for the U.S. as a defendant or its officers or employees as defendants.

Our lawyers:

  • Protect the U.S. Treasury against monetary claims such a tort cases, assure appropriate payments for meritorious claims, maximize monetary recovery for injury and damages to federal property and assert the federal government’s interest in defensive litigation
  • Recover money owed to the federal government as the result of fraud, loan and contract defaults, and unsatisfied judgments and combat health care fraud through the  vigorous implementation of civil remedies provided by the False Claims Act.
  • Ensure the government’s interests are fully protected in bankruptcy proceedings.
  • Condemn land for federal projects.
  • Defend the United States in immigration matters,  challenges to federal programs,  policy initiatives and statutes, and enforce remedies for violations of statutory-based federal programs.
  • Bring affirmative actions to ensure compliance with federal civil rights laws.

Defensive Litigation

Our defensive litigation team handles cases brought against the United States and its employees. These cases include tort, employment, immigration, environmental claims and claims for federal benefits. We handle our own appeals. We also handle land condemnation matters for federal agencies, including the border fence litigation for the Department of Homeland Security.

Affirmative Civil Enforcement

Affirmative Civil Enforcement AUSAs handle cases brought under the False Claims Act, drug diversion statutes, Fraud Injunction Statute and other laws designed to combat and punish corporations and individuals who defraud the government. The False Claims Act empowers private citizens with knowledge of fraud to present those claims to the U.S. If a judgment is entered in favor of the U.S. or the case is settled and monies are recovered by the U.S. and the State of Texas, the private citizen is entitled to share in any recovery.

Representative recoveries include:

Health care fraud

Alliance Family of Companies – Alliance paid the United States $13.5 million to settle allegations it illegally paid physicians to refer patients for ambulatory EEG procedures.

The Shape of Behavior -  The Shape of Behavior paid the United States over $2.7 million to settle allegations that it fraudulently billed the TRICARE program for individual physically therapy services when it provided those services in a group setting. 

Health Services Management – Health Services Management paid the United States $5 million to settle claims that its subsidiary, Huntsville Health Services Care Center, engaged in billing for services that were not provided, or that were so substandard and deficient that they were deemed to be worthless and harmful to specific patients.

Defense procurement fraud:

United States ex rel. Jacobson v. Crane Co. – Crane Co. paid the United States just over $4.5 million to settle allegations that it falsely represented that its line of butterfly valves sold to the Navy for seagoing vessels complied with military specifications related to engineering, design, and materials when in fact the valves did not.

Grant fraud:  

William Marsh Rice University – Rice paid the United States just over $3.75 million to settle allegations that it improperly charged graduate students’ salaries, tuition, and related indirect charges to National Science Foundation research grants for time the graduate students spent performing teaching duties unrelated to the research grants.

PPP fraud:

Dr. Emad Bishai – Dr. Bishai paid the United States $148,626.00 to resolve allegations that he misrepresented his criminal history in his PPP loan application.

Drug diversion:

Dr. Jatin Shaw – Dr. Shaw paid the United States $500,000 to settle allegations that he issued controlled substance prescriptions without a legitimate medical purpose and not in the usual course of professional practice.

For more information - Affirmative Civil Enforcement

Civil Rights Section

The Civil Rights Section is committed to the enforcement of our nation’s civil rights laws.  The Section takes a proactive approach and works with the public, state, federal, and local government agencies, and with community organizations to identify and remedy civil rights violations.  Additionally, the Civil Rights Section engages in outreach to the civil rights community and the public to gather information to assist them in identifying appropriate matters for investigation or litigation, if necessary.

The Civil Rights Section pursues enforcement actions in many areas, including anti-discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, disability rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act, fair housing and fair lending under the Fair Housing Act, and service members’ rights under the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act.

For additional information, including contact information and a complaint form - Civil Rights Section


Updated March 17, 2022