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Criminal Resource Manual

1422. Summary Of Changes Made To 18 U.S.C. 32 By The Anti-Terrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act Of 1996

The changes made to section 32 of Title 18 by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214, were effective on April 24, 1996, and consist of the following:

  1. The extraterritorial jurisdiction under 18 U.S.C. §  32(b) was expanded to cover situations where a national of the United States (as defined in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(22)) was (1) on board the aircraft, or would have been on board the aircraft, or (2) a perpetrator of the offense.
  2. "Conspiracy" was added to 18 U.S.C. § 32(a)(7) and § 32(b)(4). Hence, a conspiracy to violate these provisions is now indictable under 18 U.S.C. § 32 and carries the twenty year penalty proscribed by that section and is no longer limited to the five year penalty provided under the general conspiracy statute, 18 U.S.C. § 371.
  3. A violation of 18 U.S.C. § 32 was also made a predicate offense under the money laundering statute, 18 U.S.C. § 1956(c)(7)(D).

[updated August 1999] [cited in USAM 9-63.200]