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Attorneys for the United StatesUNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
The Grand Jury charges as follows:I. DESCRIPTION OF THE OFFENSE
1. JEAN PIERRE CAGNAT is hereby indicted and made a defendant on the charge stated below.
2. Beginning in or about September 1996 and continuing until in or about September 1997, the exact dates being unknown to the Grand Jury, the defendant and his co-conspirators entered into and engaged in a combination and conspiracy to suppress and eliminate competition by rigging bids and allocating contracts for the sale of stay cable materials, supplies, and services (collectively, "stay cable systems") used in the construction of cable-stayed bridges in the United States. The combination and conspiracy engaged in by the defendant and his co-conspirators was an unreasonable restraint of interstate trade and commerce, in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. § 1).
3. The charged combination and conspiracy consisted of a continuing agreement, understanding, and concert of action among the defendant and his co-conspirators, the substantial terms of which were:
MEANS AND METHODS OF THE CONSPIRACY
4. For the purpose of forming and carrying out the charged combination and conspiracy, the defendant and his co-conspirators did those things that they combined and conspired to do, including, among other things:
DEFENDANT AND CO-CONSPIRATORS
5. Defendant is a resident and citizen of France. During the period covered by this Indictment, defendant was the director of Freyssinet International et Cie ("Freyssinet"), acting as its chief executive officer. Freyssinet is a French company in the business of providing stay cable systems worldwide. Defendant supervised and approved bids submitted on behalf of Freyssinet for the sale of stay cable systems in the United States.
6. Various corporations and individuals, not made defendants in this Indictment, participated as co-conspirators in the offense charged and performed acts and made statements in furtherance of it.
7. Whenever in this Indictment reference is made to any act, deed, or transaction of any corporation, the allegation means that the corporation engaged in the act, deed, or transaction by or through its officers, directors, employees, agents, or other representatives while they were actively engaged in the management, direction, control, or transaction of its business or affairs.IV.
TRADE AND COMMERCE
8. The stay cable systems sold in accordance with the charged combination and conspiracy were used in cable-stayed bridges in various states.
9. During the period covered by this Indictment, there was a substantial, continuous, and uninterrupted flow of interstate and foreign trade and commerce of essential supplies, materials, and services used by the defendant and his co-conspirators in providing stay cable systems for the construction of cable-stayed bridges in the United States.
10. All of the stay cable systems that are the subject of the charged combination and conspiracy are essential components of the National Highway System and were partially funded by the United States Treasury.
11. The actions of the defendant and his co-conspirators in carrying out the offense charged were within the flow of interstate and foreign trade and commerce and had a substantial effect on interstate and foreign trade and commerce.V.
JURISDICTION AND VENUE
12. The combination and conspiracy charged in this Indictment was carried out, in part, in the District of Massachusetts within the five years preceding the return of this Indictment.
ALL IN VIOLATION OF TITLE 15, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 1.
A TRUE BILL