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BARBARA J. NELSON
LISA V. TENORIO
U.S. Department of Justice
450 Golden Gate Avenue
Box 36046, Room 10-0101
San Francisco, CA 94102
Telephone: (415) 436-6660
Attorneys for the United States UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
The United States of America, acting through its attorneys, charges:I. DESCRIPTION OF THE OFFENSE
1. AVAR CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS, INC. ("AVAR") and RENE FRIEDRICH are made defendants on the charge stated below.
2. Beginning in or about December 1994 and continuing until in or about August 1996, the exact dates being unknown to the United States, the defendants and co-conspirators participated in a combination and conspiracy in unreasonable restraint of interstate trade and commerce in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. § 1). The charged combination and conspiracy consisted of a continuing agreement, understanding, and concert of action among the defendants and co-conspirators, the substantial terms of which were to fix and maintain prices and divide the market through allocating market shares for certain post-tensioning bridge projects in California.
3. For the purpose of forming and carrying out the charged combination and conspiracy, the defendants and co-conspirators did those things that they combined and conspired to do, including, among other things:
4. Defendant AVAR is a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the state of California, with its principal place of business in Campbell, California. During the period covered by this Information, defendant AVAR was engaged in the business of selling post-tensioning services, materials, and supplies used in bridge construction.
5. Defendant FRIEDRICH is a resident of the United States and citizen of Switzerland. During the period covered by this Information, defendant FRIEDRICH was the Project Manager of defendant AVAR, stationed in Campbell, California.
6. Various corporations and individuals, not made defendants in this Information, participated as co-conspirators in the offense charged herein and performed acts and made statements in furtherance of it.
7. Whenever in this Information reference is made to any act, deed, or transaction of any corporation, the allegation means that the corporation engaged in the act, deed, or transaction by or through its officers, directors, employees, agents, or other representatives while they were actively engaged in the management, direction, control, or transaction of its business or affairs.
III.TRADE AND COMMERCE
8. Post-tensioning is a specialty construction system used to reinforce concrete in bridges and other structures.
9. During the period covered by this Information, the defendants and co-conspirators purchased, sold, and distributed post-tensioning materials and supplies in a continuous and uninterrupted flow of interstate commerce from the states of manufacture to customers located in California. In addition, some of the post-tensioning bridge projects allocated by the defendants and co-conspirators pursuant to the market division scheme were part of the interstate highway system and paid for by federal monies.
10. The business activities of the defendants and co-conspirators in carrying out the offense charged were within the flow of, and substantially affected, interstate trade and commerce.IV. JURISDICTION AND VENUE
11. The combination and conspiracy charged in this Information was carried out, in part, in the Northern District of California, within the five years preceding the filing of this Information.
ALL IN VIOLATION OF TITLE 15 UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 1.