|This document is available in two formats: this web page (for browsing content) and PDF (comparable to original document formatting). To view the PDF you will need Acrobat Reader, which may be downloaded from the Adobe site. For an official signed copy, please contact the Antitrust Documents Group.|
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
The United States of America, acting through its attorneys, charges:I
DESCRIPTION OF THE OFFENSE
1. Ronal G. Skelton is hereby made a defendant on the charge stated below.
2. Beginning at least as early as July 1990 and continuing thereafter until at least the Fall of 1991, the exact dates being unknown to the United States, the defendant and others entered into and engaged in a combination and conspiracy to suppress and restrain competition by fixing prices for the sale of wholesale plumbing supplies sold by defendant and co-conspirators from places of business located in Lubbock, Texas, in unreasonable restraint of interstate trade and commerce in violation of Section One of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. § 1).II
DEFENDANT AND CO-CONSPIRATORS
3. During the period covered by this Information, the defendant was Vice-President of Clowe & Cowan, Inc., and was engaged in the sale and distribution of wholesale plumbing supplies in Lubbock, Texas. The defendant's duties included establishing the price of wholesale plumbing supplies sold by Clowe & Cowan's Lubbock, Texas branch.
4. Various corporations and individuals, not made defendants in this Information, participated as co-conspirators in the offense charged and performed acts and made statements in furtherance of it.
5. Whenever in this Information reference is made to any act, deed, or transaction of any corporation, the allegation means that the corporation engaged in the act, deed, or transaction by or through its officers, directors, employees, agents, or other representatives while they were actively engaged in the management, direction, control, or transaction of its business or affairs.III
6. The charged combination and conspiracy consisted of a continuing agreement, understanding, and concert of action among the defendant and co-conspirators, a substantial term of which was to fix prices of wholesale plumbing supplies sold by wholesale plumbing suppliers located in Lubbock, Texas.
7. For the purpose of forming and carrying out the charged combination and conspiracy, the defendant and co-conspirators performed the following acts, among others, in the Northern District of Texas:
TRADE AND COMMERCE
8. During the period covered by this Information, substantial quantities of wholesale plumbing supplies were purchased by the defendant and co-conspirators from manufacturers located outside the State of Texas and transported into the State of Texas for sale to customers.
9. The business activities of the defendant and co-conspirators that are the subject of this Information were within the flow of, and substantially affected, interstate trade and commerce.V
JURISDICTION AND VENUE
10. The combination and conspiracy charged in this Information was formed and carried out, in part, within the Northern District of Texas, Lubbock Division, within the five years preceding the filing of this Information.
ALL IN VIOLATION OF TITLE 15 U.S.C. § 1.
DATED this ______ day of _______________, 1995.