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| JEANE HAMILTON |
BARBARA J. NELSON
ANDREW S. HUANG
U.S. Department of Justice
450 Golden Gate Avenue
Box 36046, Room 10-0101
San Francisco, CA 94102
Telephone: (415) 436-6660
Attorneys for the United States
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
The United States of America, acting through its attorneys, charges: I
DESCRIPTION OF THE OFFENSE
1. JOHN H. BROWNING is made a defendant on the charge stated below.
2. Beginning in or about June 1996 and continuing until in or about September 1997, the defendant and co-conspirators participated in a combination and conspiracy in unreasonable restraint of interstate trade and commerce in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. § 1).
3. The charged combination and conspiracy consisted of a continuing agreement, understanding, and concert of action among the conspirators, the substantial terms of which were to rig bids and allocate contracts for the sale of materials and supplies used in construction of cable-stayed bridges in the United States.
4. For the purpose of forming and carrying out the charged combination and conspiracy, the defendant and co-conspirators did those things that they combined and conspired to do, including, among other things:
DEFENDANTS AND CO-CONSPIRATORS
5. BROWNING is a citizen of the United States, residing in Massachusetts. During the period covered by this Information, Browning was the President and CEO of Dywidag-Systems International USA, Inc. ("DSI").
6. DSI is a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of New York, with its principle place of business in Bolingbrook, Illinois. During the period covered by this Information, DSI was engaged in the business of producing and selling construction materials and services in the post-tensioning and cable-stayed bridge industries, including materials and supplies used in the construction of cable-stayed bridges.
7. Various corporations and individuals, not made defendants in this Information, participated as co-conspirators in the offense charged herein and performed acts and made statements in furtherance of it.
8. Whenever in this Information reference is made to any act, deed, or transaction of any corporation, the allegation means that the corporation engaged in the act, deed, or transaction by or through its officers, directors, employees, agents, or other representatives while they were actively engaged in the management, direction, control, or transaction of its business or affairs.III.
TRADE AND COMMERCE
9. Construction of cable-stayed bridges is a form of specialty construction. The deck of a cable-stayed bridge is suspended from cables attached to load-bearing towers.
10. During the period covered by this Information, the defendant and co-conspirators manufactured, sold and distributed materials and supplies used in the construction of cable-stayed bridges in a continuous and uninterrupted flow of interstate commerce from the states of manufacture to customers located in other states. In addition, some of the cable-stayed bridge projects allocated by defendant and co-conspirators pursuant to the charged scheme were paid for in part by the United States government.
11. The business activities of the defendant and co-conspirators that are the subject of this Information were within the flow of, and substantially affected, interstate trade and commerce.
JURISDICTION AND VENUE
12. The combination and conspiracy charged in this Information was carried out in the United States, in part, within the five years preceding the filing of this Information.
ALL IN VIOLATION OF TITLE 15, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 1.