DISTRICT OF PUERTO RICO
(Pursuant to Rule 11(c)(1)(C) FRCP)
TO THE HONORABLE COURT:
COMES NOW the United States of America through its counsel Christine A. Varney, Assistant Attorney General of the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division; Scott D. Hammond, Deputy Assistant Attorney General of the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division; Brent Snyder, Craig Lee, Michael Whitlock, and Jessica Lefort, Trial Attorneys of the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division; and defendant Horizon Lines, LLC ("defendant") through its counsel John M. Nannes, Tiffany Rider, Richard J. Rappaport, and Amy Manning, pursuant to Rule 11(c)(1)(C) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, to state to this Honorable Court that they have reached an agreement, the terms and conditions of which are as follows:
1. The defendant understands its rights:
AGREEMENT TO PLEAD GUILTY
2. The defendant knowingly and voluntarily waives the rights set out in Paragraph 1(b)-(f) above. The defendant also knowingly and voluntarily waives the right to file any appeal, any collateral attack, or any other writ or motion, including but not limited to an appeal under 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3742, that challenges the sentence imposed by the Court if that sentence is consistent with or below the recommended sentence in Paragraph 8 of this Plea Agreement, regardless of how the sentence is determined by the Court. This agreement does not affect the rights or obligations of the United States as set forth in 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3742(b)-(c). Nothing in this paragraph, however, shall act as a bar to the defendant perfecting any legal remedies it may otherwise have on appeal or collateral attack respecting claims of ineffective assistance of counsel or prosecutorial misconduct. The defendant agrees that there is currently no known evidence of ineffective assistance of counsel or prosecutorial misconduct. Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 7(b), the defendant will waive indictment and plead guilty at arraignment to a one-count Information to be filed in the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico. The Information will charge the defendant with participating in a combination and conspiracy to suppress and eliminate competition by agreeing to fix rates and surcharges for Puerto Rico freight services, from at least as early as May 2002 until at least April 2008, in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, 15 U.S.C. ï½§ 1.
3. The defendant, pursuant to the terms of this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement filed separately with the Court under seal, will plead guilty to the criminal charge described in Paragraph 2 above and will make a factual admission of guilt to the Court in accordance with Fed. R. Crim. P. 11, as set forth in Paragraph 4 below.
4. Had this case gone to trial, the United States would have presented evidence sufficient to prove the following facts against the defendant:
5. The defendant understands that the statutory maximum penalty which may be imposed against it upon conviction for a violation of Section One of the Sherman Antitrust Act is a fine in an amount equal to the greatest of:
6. In addition, the defendant understands that:
7. The defendant understands that the Sentencing Guidelines are advisory, not mandatory, but that the Court must consider the Guidelines in effect on the day of sentencing, along with the other factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3553(a), in determining and imposing sentence. The defendant understands that the Guidelines determinations will be made by the Court by a preponderance of the evidence standard. The defendant understands that although the Court is not ultimately bound to impose a sentence within the applicable Guidelines range, its sentence must be reasonable based upon consideration of all relevant sentencing factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3553(a). Pursuant to U.S.S.G. ï½§1B1.8, the United States agrees that self-incriminating information that the defendant and its directors, officers and employees have provided or may provide to the United States pursuant to this Plea Agreement or the Plea Agreement Supplement will not be used to increase the volume of affected commerce attributable to the defendant or in determining the defendant's applicable Guidelines range, except to the extent provided in U.S.S.G. ï½§1B1.8(b).
8. Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(C), the United States and the defendant agree that the appropriate disposition of this case is, and agree to recommend jointly that the Court impose, a sentence requiring the defendant to pay to the United States a criminal fine of $45 million, payable in installments as set forth below without interest pursuant to 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3612(f)(3)(A) ("the recommended sentence"). The parties agree that there exists no aggravating or mitigating circumstance of a kind, or to a degree, not adequately taken into consideration by the U.S. Sentencing Commission in formulating the Sentencing Guidelines justifying a departure pursuant to U.S.S.G. ï½§5K2.0. The parties agree not to seek or support any sentence outside of the Guidelines range nor any Guidelines adjustment for any reason that is not set forth in this Plea Agreement. The parties further agree that the recommended sentence set forth in this Plea Agreement is reasonable.
9. The United States and the defendant understand that the Court retains complete discretion to accept or reject the recommended sentence provided for in Paragraph 8 of this Plea Agreement.
10. In light of pending civil class action lawsuits filed against the defendant, which potentially provide for a recovery of a multiple of actual damages, the United States agrees that it will not seek a restitution order for the offense charged in the Information.
11. Upon acceptance of the guilty plea called for by this Plea Agreement and the imposition of the recommended sentence, and subject to the requirements of the Plea Agreement Supplement, the United States agrees that it will not bring further criminal charges against the defendant or any of its subsidiaries;Horizon Lines, Inc.; Horizon Lines Holding Corporation; or Horizon Lines of Puerto Rico, Inc.(collectively "related entities") for any act or offense committed before the date of this Plea Agreement that was undertaken in furtherance of an antitrust conspiracy involving the sale of Puerto Rico freight services. The nonprosecution terms of this paragraph do not apply to civil matters of any kind, to any violation of the federal tax or securities laws, or to any crime of violence.
12. The defendant understands that it may be subject to administrative action by federal or state agencies other than the United States Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, based upon the conviction resulting from the Plea Agreement, and that this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement in no way control whatever action, if any, other agencies may take. However, the United States agrees that, if requested, it will advise the appropriate officials of any governmental entity considering such administrative action of the fact, manner, and extent of the cooperation of the defendant as a matter for that agency to consider before determining what administrative action, if any, to take.
13. The defendant has been represented by counsel and is fully satisfied that its attorneys have provided competent legal representation. The defendant has thoroughly reviewed this Plea Agreement, the Plea Agreement Supplement, and Exhibits A - C to the Plea Agreement Supplement and acknowledges that counsel has advised it of the nature of the charge, any possible defenses to the charge, and the nature and range of possible sentences.
14. The defendant's decision to enter into this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement and to tender a plea of guilty is freely and voluntarily made and is not the result of force, threats, assurances, promises, or representations other than the representations contained in this Plea Agreement, the Plea Agreement Supplement, and Exhibits A - C of the Plea Agreement Supplement. The United States has made no promises or representations to the defendant as to whether the Court will accept or reject the recommendations contained within this Plea Agreement.
15. The defendant agrees that, should the United States determine in good faith, during the period that the current federal investigation of violations of federal antitrust and related criminal laws involving the sale of Puerto Rico freight services and any litigation or other proceedings arising or resulting from any such investigation to which the United States is a party is pending, that the defendant or any of its related entities have violated any provision of this Plea Agreement or the Plea Agreement Supplement, the United States will notify counsel for the defendant in writing by personal or overnight delivery or facsimile transmission and may also notify counsel by telephone of its intention to void any of its obligations under this Plea Agreement (except its obligations under this paragraph) or the Plea Agreement Supplement, and the defendant and its related entities shall be subject to prosecution for any federal crime of which the United States has knowledge including, but not limited to, the substantive offenses relating to the investigation resulting in this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement. The defendant and its related entities agree that, in the event that the United States is released from its obligations under this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement and brings criminal charges against the defendant or its related entities for any offense referred to in Paragraph 11 of this Plea Agreement, the statute of limitations period for such offense shall be tolled for the period between the date of the signing of this Plea Agreement and six (6) months after the date the United States gave notice of its intent to void its obligations under this Plea Agreement or the Plea Agreement Supplement.
16. The defendant understands and agrees that in any further prosecution of it or its related entities resulting from the release of the United States from its obligations under this Plea Agreement or the Plea Agreement Supplement, because of the defendant's or its related entities' violation of the Plea Agreement or Plea Agreement Supplement, any documents, statements, information, testimony, or evidence provided by it, its related entities, or current directors, officers, or employees of it or its related entities to attorneys or agents of the United States, federal grand juries, or courts, and any leads derived therefrom, may be used against it or its related entities in any such further prosecution. In addition, the defendant unconditionally waives its right to challenge the use of such evidence in any such further prosecution, notwithstanding the protections of Fed. R. Evid. 410.
17. This Plea Agreement, the Plea Agreement Supplement filed separately with the Court, and Exhibits A - C of the Plea Agreement Supplement constitute the entire agreement between the United States and the defendant concerning the disposition of the criminal charge in this case. This Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement cannot be modified except in writing, signed by the United States and the defendant.
18. The undersigned is authorized to enter this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement on behalf of the defendant as evidenced by the Resolution of the Board of Directors of the defendant attached to, and incorporated by reference in, this Plea Agreement.
19. The undersigned attorneys for the United States have been authorized by the Attorney General of the United States to enter this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement on behalf of the United States.
20. A facsimile signature shall be deemed an original signature for the purpose of executing this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement. Multiple signature pages are authorized for the purpose of executing this Plea Agreement and the Plea Agreement Supplement.