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NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
The United States of America and JACQUES JOURDAN ("defendant"), with the advice of counsel, enter into the following Plea Agreement under Rule 11(e)(1)(C) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure ("Fed. R. Crim. P."):
RIGHTS OF DEFENDANT
1. The defendant understands and agrees that by pleading guilty he is giving up the following rights which he would have if the case went to trial:
(a) The rights to plead not guilty, to be presumed innocent, and to require the government to prove all of the elements of the crime beyond a reasonable doubt;
(b) The right to a speedy and public jury trial with the assistance of an attorney, including an attorney appointed by the Court if he could not afford one;
(c) The right to a unanimous jury verdict;
(d) The right to confront and cross-examine government witnesses;
(e) The rights to testify on his own behalf, to present evidence and/or witnesses, and to compulsory process;
(f) The right not to testify or have adverse inferences drawn if he does not testify;
(g) The rights to pursue any affirmative defenses, Fourth or Fifth Amendment claims, or any other claims presented or that could be presented in any pretrial or post-trial motion;
(h) The rights to both appeal and collaterally attack, including the filing of a motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ï½§ 2255, the guilty plea, the judgment of guilt, orders of the Court, and any part of the sentence imposed by the Court;
(i) The right to be indicted by a grand jury for the felony charges to which he is pleading guilty;
(j) The right, as a citizen of France, to decline to accept service of the Summons in this case, and to contest the jurisdiction of the United States to prosecute this case against him in United States District Court; and
(k) The right to be charged in the State and District where the offense occurred.
WAIVER OF RIGHTS AND OFFENSE CHARGED
2. Subject to the express condition stated in this paragraph, the defendant waives each of the rights set out in Paragraph 1(a)-(k), including all jurisdictional defenses to the prosecution of this case, and agrees voluntarily to consent to the jurisdiction of the United States to prosecute this criminal case against him in United States District Court. Under Rule 7(b), Fed. R. Crim. P., the defendant will waive indictment. The defendant will plead guilty to a one-count Information filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. It is expressly understood that all waivers of rights are conditioned on the Court accepting this Plea Agreement. If this Plea Agreement is rejected or voided, the defendant's waivers likewise will be rendered void, and his rights will remain in full force and effect. The Information will charge the defendant with participating in a conspiracy to suppress and eliminate competition by allocating market shares of monochloroacetic acid and sodium monochloroacetate (collectively referred to as "MCAA") to be sold in the United States and elsewhere, beginning in or about January 1997 and continuing until in or about August 1999, in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, 15 U.S.C. ï½§ 1.
3. Under the terms of this Plea Agreement, the defendant will plead guilty to the criminal charge described in Paragraph 2, and will make a factual admission of guilt to the Court in accordance with Rule 11, Fed. R. Crim. P., as set forth in Paragraph 4.FACTUAL BASIS FOR OFFENSE CHARGED
4. Had this case gone to trial, the United States would have presented evidence to prove the following facts:
(a) For purposes of this Plea Agreement, the "relevant period" begins in or about January 1997 and continues until in or about August 1999. During the relevant period, the defendant was a Department Head of the Chlorine, Vinyl, and Solvents Division of Elf Atochem S.A. ("Elf"), a corporation organized and existing under the laws of France, with its principal place of business in Paris, France. During the relevant period, Elf was a producer of MCAA and was engaged in the sale of MCAA in the United States and elsewhere. MCAA is a reactive compound that is used to form a number of intermediate chemicals. Markets for MCAA and its derivatives include drilling fluids, plastic stabilizers, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals. In his capacity as a Department Head of Elf's Chlorine, Vinyl, and Solvents Division, the defendant was responsible for the sales and marketing of MCAA worldwide;
(b) During the relevant period, the defendant participated in a conspiracy among major MCAA producers, the primary term of which was to allocate the market shares of MCAA to be sold in the United States and elsewhere. In furtherance of the conspiracy, the defendant engaged in discussions and attended meetings with representatives of other major MCAA producers. During these discussions and meetings, agreements were reached to allocate the market shares for MCAA to be sold in the United States and elsewhere; and
(c) During the relevant period, MCAA sold by one or more of the conspirator firms, and equipment and supplies necessary to the production and distribution of MCAA, as well as payments for MCAA, traveled in interstate and foreign commerce. The business activities of the defendant, his current employer, Elf, and their coconspirators in connection with the production and sale of MCAA affected by this conspiracy were within the flow of, and substantially affected, interstate and foreign trade and commerce.
5. The defendant understands that the maximum penalty that may be imposed against him upon conviction for a violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act is a term of imprisonment of three years (15 U.S.C. ï½§ 1); a term of supervised release of one year to follow imprisonment (18 U.S.C. ï½§ï½§ 3559(a)(5), 3583(b)(3) and United States Sentencing Commission Guidelines ("U.S.S.G.") (ï½§ï½§ 5D1.1, 5D1.2(a)(3))); and a fine equal to the largest of:
(b) Twice the gross pecuniary gain the conspirators derived from the crime; or
(c) Twice the gross pecuniary loss caused to the victims of the crime (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3571(d)).
6. In addition, the defendant understands that:
(a) Under U.S.S.G. ï½§ 5E1.1(a)(2), the Court may order him to pay restitution to the victims of the offense; and
(b) Under 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3013(a)(2)(A) and U.S.S.G. ï½§ 5E1.3, the Court is required to order the defendant to pay a $100 special assessment upon conviction for the charged crime.
7. Sentencing for the offense to be charged will be based on the U.S.S.G. Manual in effect on the day of sentencing. The United States and the defendant agree on the determination of the U.S.S.G. offense level in this case, as set out below, based on currently available information. The defendant understands that, should the United States become aware of information that renders incorrect the calculation of the defendant's total offense level, criminal history category, or applicable adjustments or enhancements set out below, the United States will notify the Court before sentencing. Under U.S.S.G. ï½§ 1B1.8, self-incriminating information provided to the United States under this Plea Agreement and discussions leading to this Plea Agreement will not be used to increase the volume of affected commerce applicable to the defendant or in determining the Guidelines range.
(a) Base Offense Level (ï½§ 2R1.1(a)) 10
(b) Volume of Affected Commerce (ï½§ 2R1.1(b)(2)(D)) +4 (More than $6.25 million)
(c) Total Adjusted Offense Level 14
(d) Victim-Related Adjustments (ï½§ 3A) +0
(e) Role in the Offense Adjustments (ï½§ 3B) +3 (Aggravating Role ï½§ 3B1.1(b))
(f) Obstruction Adjustments (ï½§ 3C) +0
(g) Acceptance of Responsibility -3 (ï½§ 3E1.1(b)(2))
(h) Total Offense Level 14
(i) Criminal History Category (ï½§ 4A1.1) I
(j) Therefore, the appropriate range of sentence is 15 to 21 months imprisonment, no term of probation (ï½§ 5B1.1), supervised release of one year (ï½§ï½§ 5D1.1, 5D1.2(a)(3)), restitution (ï½§ 5E1.1), a fine of 1% to 5% of the volume of commerce (ï½§ï½§ 2R1.1(c)(1), 5E1.2(b)), and a special assessment of $100 (ï½§ 5E1.3).
8. Under Rule 11(e)(1)(C), Fed. R. Crim. P., the United States and the defendant agree that the appropriate disposition of this case is, and agree to jointly recommend that the Court impose, a sentence of imprisonment for a period of ninety (90) days, the payment of a criminal fine of $50,000, and no period of supervised release. The United States will not object to the defendant's request that the Court make a recommendation to the Bureau of Prisons that the Bureau of Prisons designate that the defendant be assigned to a Federal Minimum Security Camp (if possible, at Lompoc, California) to serve his sentence of imprisonment and that the defendant be released following the imposition of sentence to allow him to self-surrender to the assigned correctional facility on a specified date. This paragraph (excluding subparagraphs 8(a) - (c)) constitutes the agreed-upon sentence in this case.
(a) The United States and the defendant further agree to jointly recommend that the $50,000 finebe paid in full before the fifteenth day after the date of judgment. The defendant understands that the Court will order him to pay a $100 special assessment under 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3013(a)(2)(A) and U.S.S.G. ï½§ 5E1.3, in addition to any fine imposed;
(b) The United States agrees that at the initial appearance or arraignment it will recommend the release of the defendant on his personal recognizance, under 18 U.S.C. ï½§ 3142, without restriction as to travel, pending the sentencing hearing in this case; and
(c) In the event that the defendant fails to return to the United States to serve his sentence of imprisonment at a Federal Minimum Security Camp, the defendant agrees not to oppose or contest any request for extradition by the United States to face charges either in the Information referenced in Paragraph 2 of this Plea Agreement or in any related indictment.
9. The United States and the defendant agree that the Guidelines sentence range exceeds the agreed-upon sentence. The United States agrees that, based on the defendant's past and ongoing cooperation, which occurred prior to the sentencing hearing in this case, it will file a motion, under U.S.S.G. ï½§ 5K1.1, for a downward departure from the Guidelines sentence range and will request that the Court impose the agreed-upon sentence set out in Paragraph 8 because of the substantial assistance the defendant has provided in the government's investigation of violations of federal criminal laws in the MCAA industry. Subject to the ongoing, full, and truthful cooperation of the defendant described in Paragraph 12, the United States will fully advise the Court and the Probation Office of the fact, manner, and extent of the defendant's past and ongoing cooperation with the United States' investigation and prosecutions, all material facts relating to the defendant's involvement in the charged offense, and all other relevant conduct. Under U.S.S.G. ï½§ 1B1.8, the United States agrees that self-incriminating information previously unknown to the United States that the defendant provides under this Plea Agreement and in discussions leading to this Plea Agreement will not be used in determining the defendant's applicable Guidelines range.
10. The United States and the defendant understand that the Court retains complete discretion to accept or reject the agreed-upon sentence in Paragraph 8.
(a) If the Court does not accept the agreed-upon sentence, this entire Plea Agreement, except Paragraph 10(b), below shall be rendered null and void.
(b) If the Court does not accept the agreed-upon sentence, the defendant will be free to withdraw his guilty plea (Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(e)(4)). If the defendant does withdraw his guilty plea, this Plea Agreement, the guilty plea, and any statements made in connection with or in furtherance of the plea or this Plea Agreement, or in discussions leading to the plea or this Plea Agreement, shall not be admissible against the defendant in any criminal or civil proceeding (Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(e)(6)). In addition, should the Court not accept the Plea Agreement and should the defendant then withdraw his guilty plea, the United States agrees that it will dismiss the Information, without prejudice to the United States' right to indict the defendant on the charge contained in the Information and any other related charges. For a period of ten (10) consecutive days following the withdrawal of the guilty plea, the United States shall take no action, based either upon the offenses subject to this Plea Agreement or any actual or alleged violation of the Plea Agreement, to revoke the defendant's release on his personal recognizance, to subject the defendant to service of process or arrest, or to prevent the defendant from departing the United States.
11. In light of civil cases filed that potentially provide for a recovery of a multiple of actual damages, the United States agrees that it will not seek a restitution order for the offense charged in the Information.DEFENDANT'S COOPERATION
12. The defendant will fully and truthfully cooperate with the United States in the prosecution of this case, the current federal investigation of violations of federal antitrust and related criminal laws involving the manufacture or sale of MCAA, any other federal investigation of MCAA resulting from the current investigation, and any litigation or other proceedings arising or resulting from any investigation to which the United States is a party ("Federal Proceeding"). This cooperation shall include, but not be limited to:
(a) Producing in the United States and at other mutually agreed- upon locations all documents, including claimed personal documents, and other materials in his possession, custody, or control requested in writing by the United States;
(b) Upon reasonable notice by and at the request of the United States, making himself available for interviews in the United States or at other mutually agreed-upon locations;
(c) Responding fully and truthfully to all inquiries of the United States in connection with any Federal Proceeding, without falsely implicating any person or intentionally withholding any information, subject to the penalties of making false statements or declarations (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1001) or obstruction of justice (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1503);
(d) Otherwise voluntarily providing the United States with any materials or information not requested in (a) - (c) of this paragraph that he may have that is relevant to any Federal Proceeding; and
(e) When called upon to do so by the United States in connection with any Federal Proceeding, testifying in trial and grand jury or other proceedings in the United States fully, truthfully, and under oath, subject to the penalties of perjury (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1621), making false statements or declarations in grand jury or court proceedings (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1623), and contempt (18 U.S.C. ï½§ï½§ 401-402).
13. Upon acceptance of the guilty plea called for by this Plea Agreement and imposition of the agreed-upon sentence, and subject to the cooperation requirements of Paragraph 12, the United States agrees that it will not bring further criminal charges against the defendant for any act or offense committed before the Court's acceptance of this Plea Agreement and undertaken in furtherance of an attempted or completed antitrust conspiracy involving the manufacture or sale of MCAA ("Relevant Offense"). The non-prosecution terms of this paragraph do not apply to any civil liability to the United States, to any violations of the federal tax or securities laws, or to any crime of violence.
14. The United States agrees that when the defendant is required to travel to the United States for interviews by the United States, grand jury appearances, or court appearances under this Plea Agreement, the United States will take no action, based upon any offense subject to this Plea Agreement, to subject the defendant to arrest, service of process, or prevention from departing the United States, except where the United States has sought to void the Plea Agreement under Paragraph 18. Counsel for the United States shall provide the defendant a letter to such effect in connection with any such travel required by the United States. This paragraph does not apply to the defendant's commission of perjury (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1621), making false statements or declarations (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1001), making false statements or declarations in grand jury or court proceedings (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1623), obstruction of justice (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1503), or contempt (18 U.S.C. ï½§ï½§ 401-402) in connection with any testimony provided under this Plea Agreement in trial, grand jury, or other judicial proceedings in the United States. The United States also agrees that documents provided under Paragraph 12 shall be deemed responsive to outstanding grand jury subpoenas issued to Elf.
15. (a) Subject to the full and continuing cooperation of the defendant, as described in Paragraph 12 of this Plea Agreement, and upon the Court's acceptance of the defendant's guilty plea and imposition of sentence in this case, the United States agrees not to seek to remove the defendant from the United States under section 240 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, based upon the defendant's guilty plea and conviction in this case, should the defendant apply for or obtain admission to the United States as a nonimmigrant (hereinafter referred to as the "agreement not to seek to remove the defendant"). The agreement not to seek to remove the defendant is the equivalent of an agreement not to exclude the defendant from admission to the United States as a nonimmigrant or to deport the defendant from the United States. (Immigration and Nationality Act, ï½§ 240(e)(2));
(b) The Antitrust Division of the United States Department of Justice has consulted with the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the United States Department of Justice ("INS"). The INS, in consultation with the United States Department of State, has agreed to the inclusion in this Plea Agreement of this agreement not to seek to remove the defendant;
(c) So that the defendant will be able to obtain any nonimmigrant visa that he may need to travel to the United States, the INS and the Visa Office, United States Department of State, have concurred in the granting of a nonimmigrant waiver of the defendant's inadmissibility. This waiver will remain in effect so long as this agreement not to seek to remove the defendant remains in effect. While the waiver remains in effect, the Department of State will not deny the defendant's application for a nonimmigrant visa on the basis of the defendant's guilty plea and conviction in this case, and the INS will not deny his application for admission as a nonimmigrant on the basis of his guilty plea and conviction in this case;
(d) This agreement not to seek to remove the defendant will remain in effect so long as the defendant:
(i) acts and has acted consistently with his cooperation obligations under this Plea Agreement;
(ii) is not convicted of any felony under the laws of the United States or any state, other than the conviction resulting from the defendant's guilty plea under this Plea Agreement or any conviction under the laws of any state resulting from conduct constituting an offense subject to this Plea Agreement; and
(iii) does not engage in any other conduct that would warrant his removal from the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act.
The defendant understands that should the Antitrust Division become aware that the defendant has violated any of these conditions, the Antitrust Division will notify the INS. The INS will then determine, in consultation with the Antitrust Division, whether to rescind this agreement not to seek to remove the defendant;
(e) The defendant agrees to notify the Assistant Attorney General of the Antitrust Division should the defendant be convicted of any other felony under the laws of the United States or of any state; and
(f) Should the United States rescind this agreement not to seek to remove the defendant because of the defendant's violation of a condition of this plea agreement, the defendant irrevocably waives his right to contest his removal from the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act on the basis of his guilty plea and conviction in this case, but retains his right to notice of removal proceedings.
REPRESENTATION BY COUNSEL
16. The defendant has been represented by counsel and is fully satisfied that his attorney has provided competent legal representation. The defendant has thoroughly reviewed this Plea Agreement and acknowledges that counsel has advised him of the nature of the charge, any possible defense to the charge, and the nature and range of possible sentences.VOLUNTARY PLEA
17. The defendant's decision to enter into this Plea Agreement and the defendant's decision to tender a guilty plea are freely and voluntarily made and are not the result of force or threats, assurances, promises, or representations other than the representations in this Plea Agreement. The United States has made no promises or representations to the defendant as to whether the Court will accept or reject this Plea Agreement. In signing this Plea Agreement, the defendant is not under the influence of any drug, medication, liquor, intoxicant or depressant, and is fully capable of understanding the terms and conditions of this Plea Agreement.VIOLATION OF PLEA AGREEMENT
18. The defendant agrees that, should the United States determine in good faith, during the period any Federal Proceeding is pending, that the defendant has failed to provide full cooperation, as described in Paragraph 12, or otherwise has violated any other provision of this Plea Agreement, the United States may notify counsel for the defendant in writing by personal or overnight delivery or facsimile transmission of its intention to void its obligations under this Plea Agreement (except its obligations under this paragraph), and the defendant shall be subject to prosecution for any federal crime including, but not limited to, perjury (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1621), making a false statement or declaration (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1001), making a false statement or declaration in grand jury or court proceedings (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1623), obstruction of justice (18 U.S.C. ï½§ 1503), contempt (18 U.S.C. ï½§ï½§ 401-402), and any Relevant Offense. The defendant agrees that in any such prosecution the United States may use against the defendant information provided by the defendant to the United States, federal grand juries, or courts. The defendant may seek court review of any determination made by the United States under this paragraph.ENTIRETY OF AGREEMENT
19. This Plea Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the United States and the defendant concerning the disposition of the criminal charge in this case. This Plea Agreement cannot be modified except in writing signed by the United States and the defendant.
20. A facsimile signature shall be deemed an original signature for the purpose of executing this Plea Agreement.
I have consulted with my attorney and fully understand all my rights with respect to the offense charged in the pending Information. Further, I have consulted with my attorney and fully understand my rights with respect to the provisions of the U.S.S.G. I have read this Plea Agreement and carefully reviewed every part of it with my attorney. I understand this Plea Agreement and I voluntarily agree to it.
I am the attorney representing JACQUES JOURDAN. I have fully explained to him his rights with respect to the offense charged in the pending Information. Further, I have reviewed the provisions of the U.S.S.G. that may apply in this case.
I have carefully reviewed every part of this Plea Agreement with him. To my knowledge, his decision to enter into this Plea Agreement is an informed and voluntary one.