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Case Document

Plea Agreement

Document Type
Plea Agreements / Rule 11 Memoranda

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Alexandria Division






Criminal No. 1:06CR406

Violation: 18 U.S.C. § 1001

Filed: 09/27/06



The United States of America and defendant Ryan's World, Inc., a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of California, and defendant's counsel, hereby enter into the following plea agreement pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(a)(1) and 11(c)(1)(B).


  1. Offense and Maximum Penalties


The defendant agrees to waive indictment and plead guilty to a criminal information charging the defendant with making a material false statement regarding a matter within the jurisdiction of the Executive Branch of the United States Government, in violation of the 18 U.S.C. § 1001. The defendant understands that the statutory maximum penalty which may be imposed upon conviction for a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001 is a fine equal to the greatest of:

    1. $500,000 (18 U.S.C. § 3571(c)(3));
    2. twice the gross pecuniary gain derived from the crime (18 U.S.C. § 3571(c)(2) and (d)); or
    3. twice the gross pecuniary loss caused to the victims of the crime (18 U.S.C. § 3571(c)(2) and (d)).

In addition, the defendant understands that:

    1. pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3561(c)(1), the Court may impose a term of probation of at least one year, but not more than five years;
    2. pursuant to § 8B1.1 of the Sentencing Guidelines, the Court may order it to pay restitution to the victims of the offense; and
    3. pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3013(a)(2)(B) and U.S.S.G. § 8E1.1, the Court is required to order the defendant to pay a $400 special assessment upon conviction for the charged crime.


  1. Factual Basis for the Plea


The defendant will plead guilty because the defendant is in fact guilty of the charged offense. The defendant admits the facts set forth in the statement of facts filed with this plea agreement and agrees that those facts establish guilt of the offense charged beyond a reasonable doubt. The statement of facts, which is hereby incorporated into this plea agreement, constitutes a stipulation of facts for purposes of § 1B1.2(a) of the Sentencing Guidelines. In addition, this plea agreement and statement of facts, together with the record that will be created by the United States and the defendant at the plea and sentencing hearings will provide sufficient information concerning the defendant, the crimes charged in this case, and the defendant's role in the crime to enable the meaningful exercise of sentencing authority by the Court, as required under 18 U.S.C. § 3553.


  1. Assistance and Advice of Counsel


The defendant is satisfied that the defendant's attorney has rendered effective assistance. The defendant understands that by entering into this agreement, defendant surrenders certain rights as provided in this agreement. The defendant understands that the rights of criminal defendants include:

    1. the right to plead not guilty and to persist in that plea;
    2. the right to a jury trial;
    3. the right to be represented by counsel — and if necessary have the court appoint counsel — at trial and at every other stage of the proceedings; and
    4. the right at trial to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses, to be protected from compelled self-incrimination, to testify and present evidence, and to compel the attendance of witnesses.


  1. Role of the Court and the Probation Office


The defendant understands that the Court has jurisdiction and authority to impose any sentence within the statutory maximum described in Paragraph 1, and that the Court will determine the defendant's actual sentence in accordance with 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a). The defendant understands that the Court has not yet determined a sentence and that any estimate of the advisory sentencing range under the U.S. Sentencing Commission's Sentencing Guidelines Manual the defendant may have received from the defendant's counsel, the United States, or the Probation Office, is a prediction, not a promise, and is not binding on the United States, the Probation Office, or the Court. Additionally, pursuant to the Supreme Court's decision in United States v. Booker, 125 S. Ct. 738 (2005), the Court, after considering the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), may impose a sentence above or below the advisory sentencing range, subject only to review by higher courts for reasonableness. The United States makes no promise or representation concerning what sentence the defendant will receive, and the defendant cannot withdraw its guilty plea based upon the actual sentence. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the parties agree that there exists no aggravating or mitigating circumstance of a kind, or to a degree, not adequately taken into consideration by the Sentencing Commission in formulating the Guidelines that should result in a sentence outside of the advisory Guidelines range. The parties agree not to seek or support any sentence outside of the advisory guideline range. The parties further agree that the recommended sentence is reasonable.


  1. Waiver of Appeal, Collateral Attack, Statute of Limitations Defense, FOIA and Privacy Act Rights


The defendant also understands that 18 U.S.C. § 3742 affords a defendant the right to appeal the sentence imposed. Nonetheless, the defendant knowingly waives the right to appeal the conviction and any sentence within the statutory maximum described above (or the manner in which that sentence was determined) on the grounds set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3742 or on any ground whatsoever, in exchange for the concessions made by the United States in this plea agreement. This agreement does not affect the rights or obligations of the United States as set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3742(b). The defendant further waives its right to collaterally attack its guilty plea or the sentence imposed by any means, on any ground. The defendant waives its right to assert the statute of limitations, 18 U.S.C. § 3282, as a defense to the charged offense. The defendant also waives all rights, whether asserted directly or by a representative, to request or receive from any department or agency of the United States any records pertaining to the investigation or prosecution of this case, including without limitation any records that may be sought under the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552, or the Privacy Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552a.


  1. Sentencing Agreement


Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(B), the United States and the defendant agree that the appropriate disposition of the charge is, and agree jointly to recommend, that the Court impose a sentence requiring the defendant to pay to the United States a criminal fine of $120,000, based on an agreed-upon gain to the defendant of $80,000 that resulted from the offense, U.S.S.G. §§ 2B1.1(1) & 8C2.4(a)(3), and a multiplier of 1.5, U.S.S.G. § 8C2.6. The United States and the defendant understand that the Court retains complete discretion to accept or reject the recommended sentence. The defendant understands that, as provided in Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(3)(B), if the Court does not impose a sentence consistent with the recommendation contained in this plea agreement, it nevertheless has no right to withdraw its guilty plea. The United States and the defendant agree to request jointly that the Court accept the defendant's guilty plea and impose sentence on an expedited schedule, as early as the date of arraignment, based upon the record provided by the defendant and the United States pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 32(c)(1)(A)(ii) and U.S.S.G. § 6A1.1. The Court's denial of the request to impose sentence on an expedited schedule will not void this plea agreement.


  1. Administrative Action


The defendant understands that it may be subject to administrative action by federal or state agencies other than the United States Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, based upon the conviction resulting from this plea agreement, and that this plea agreement in no way controls whatever action, if any, other agencies may take. The United States agrees, however, that, if requested, it will advise the appropriate officials of any governmental agency considering such administrative action of the fact, manner, and extent of the cooperation of the defendant as a matter for that agency to consider before determining what administrative action, if any, to take.


  1. Special Assessment


Before sentencing in this case, the defendant agrees to pay a mandatory special assessment of four hundred dollars ($400.00) pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3013(a)(2)(B), in addition to any fine imposed.


  1. Payment of Monetary Penalties


The defendant understands and agrees that, pursuant to Title 18, United States Code, Section 3613, whatever monetary penalties are imposed by the Court will be due and payable within fifteen (15) days after the imposition of sentence and subject thereafter to immediate enforcement by the United States as provided in Section 3613. Furthermore, the defendant agrees to provide all of its financial information to the United States and the Probation Office and, if requested, to participate in a pre-sentencing debtor's examination. If the Court imposes a schedule of payments, the defendant understands that the schedule of payments is merely a minimum schedule of payments and not the only method, nor a limitation on the methods, available to the United States to enforce the judgment.


  1. Immunity from Further Prosecution


Upon acceptance of the guilty plea called for by this plea agreement and the imposition of sentence, and subject to the cooperation requirements of Paragraph 11, the United States agrees that it will not bring further criminal charges against the defendant or any of the defendant's current or former officers, directors, and employees for any act or offense that was undertaken in furtherance of any antitrust conspiracy or other conspiracy or act intended to defraud the United States of its right to the honest administration of the Department of Defense's International Through Government Bill of Lading ("ITGBL") program through the submission of any false certification of common financial and administrative control or any false certification of independent pricing. With respect to current or former officers, directors, and employees, this nonprosecution agreement applies to them only for acts committed while acting as an officer, director, or employee of the defendant. Upon acceptance of the guilty plea called for by this plea agreement and the imposition of sentence, and subject to the cooperation requirements of Paragraph 11, the United States agrees also that it will not bring criminal charges against Sandra Amason, an employee of defendant, for making a false statement, obstruction of justice, or other criminal act related to statements she made to the Department of Justice in an interview on July 31, 2002. The nonprosecution terms of this paragraph do not apply to civil matters of any kind, to any violation of the federal tax or securities laws, or to any crime of violence.


  1. Cooperation Requirements


The defendant agrees to cooperate fully and truthfully with the United States in the prosecution of this case, the current federal investigation of violations of federal antitrust and related criminal laws involving the transportation of military household goods, any other federal investigation resulting therefrom, and any litigation or other proceedings arising or resulting from any such investigation to which the United States is a party ("Federal Proceedings"). The ongoing, full, and truthful cooperation of the defendant shall include, but not be limited to:

    1. using its best efforts to secure the ongoing, full, and truthful cooperation of its current and former officers, directors, and employees, including making such persons available, at their expense, for debriefing and pre-trial conferences, interviews, and the provision of testimony in grand jury, trial, and other judicial proceedings in connection with any Federal Proceeding;
    2. providing all documents, records, writings, or materials of any kind in its possession or under its care, custody, or control, relating directly or indirectly to all areas of inquiry and investigation; and
    3. responding fully and truthfully to all inquiries of the United States in connection with any Federal Proceeding, without falsely implicating any person or intentionally withholding any information, subject to the penalties for making false statements (18 U.S.C. § 1001) and obstruction of justice (18 U.S.C. § 1503).

Defendant is further hereby on notice that the defendant may violate any federal, state, or local criminal law while cooperating with the United States. Nothing in this agreement places any obligation on the United States to seek the defendant's cooperation or assistance.


  1. Use of Information Provided by the Defendant Under This Agreement


Pursuant to Section 1B1.8 of the Sentencing Guidelines, no truthful information that the defendant provides pursuant to this agreement will be used to enhance the defendant's guidelines range. The United States will bring this plea agreement and the full extent of the defendant's cooperation to the attention of other prosecuting offices if requested. Nothing in this plea agreement, however, restricts the Court's or Probation Office's access to information and records in the possession of the United States. Furthermore, nothing in this agreement prevents the government in any way from prosecuting the defendant should the defendant or provide false, untruthful, or perjurious information or testimony.


  1. Defendant Must Provide Full, Complete and Truthful Cooperation


This plea agreement is not conditioned upon charges being brought against any other entity or the result of any other proceeding against any other entity. This plea agreement is not conditioned upon any outcome in any pending investigation. This plea agreement is not conditioned upon any result in any future prosecution which may occur because of the defendant's cooperation. This plea agreement is not conditioned upon any result in any future grand jury presentation or trial involving charges resulting from this investigation. This plea agreement is, however, conditioned upon the defendant providing full, complete, and truthful cooperation.


  1. Breach of the Plea Agreement and Remedies


The defendant agrees that, should the United States determine in good faith, during the period that any Federal Proceeding is pending, that the defendant has failed to provide full and truthful cooperation, as described in Paragraphs 11 and 13 of this plea agreement, or has otherwise violated any provision of this plea agreement, the United States will notify counsel for the defendant in writing, by personal or overnight delivery or facsimile transmission and may also notify counsel by telephone of its intention to void any of its obligations under this plea agreement (except its obligations under this paragraph), and the defendant shall be subject to prosecution for any federal crime of which the United States has knowledge including, but not limited to, the substantive offenses relating to the investigation resulting in this plea agreement. The defendant agrees that, in the event that the United States is released from its obligations under this plea agreement and brings criminal charges against it for any offense referred to in Paragraph 10 of this plea agreement, the statute of limitations period for such offense will be tolled for the period between the date of the signing of this plea agreement and six (6) months after the date the United States gave notice of its intent to void its obligations under this plea agreement.

The defendant understands and agrees that in any further prosecution of any of it resulting from the release of the United States from its obligations under this plea agreement, because of the defendant's violation of the plea agreement, any documents, statements, information, testimony, or evidence provided by the defendant or by any current or former director, officer, or employees of the defendant, to attorneys or agents of the United States, federal grand juries, or courts, and any leads derived therefrom, may be used against the defendant in any such further prosecution. The defendant unconditionally waive its right to challenge the use of such evidence in any such further prosecution, notwithstanding the protections of Fed. R. Evid. 410.


  1. Nature of the Agreement and Modifications


Upon entry of defendant's guilty plea, the United States will enter into a separate non-prosecution agreement, a copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit A, with The Pasha Group; American Mopac International, Inc.; American Shipping, Inc.; BINL, Incorporated; and Gateways International, Inc. (together "Pasha Forwarders"). This Plea Agreement and the non-prosecution agreement with the Pasha Forwarders constitute all of the agreements between the United States and the defendant concerning the disposition of the criminal charge in this case. The defendant and its counsel acknowledge that no threats, promises, or representations have been made, nor agreements reached, other than those set forth in writing in this plea agreement, to cause the defendant to plead guilty. Any modification of this plea agreement shall be valid only as set forth in writing in a supplemental or revised plea agreement signed by all parties. The undersigned corporate representative is authorized to enter this plea agreement on behalf of the defendant as evidenced by the Resolutions of the Board of Directors of the defendant attached to, and incorporated by reference in, this plea agreement. The undersigned attorneys for the United States have been authorized by the Attorney General of the United States to enter this plea agreement on behalf of the United States. A facsimile signature shall be deemed an original signature for the purpose of executing this plea agreement. Multiple signature pages are authorized for the purpose of executing this plea agreement.



Date: 09/27/06

By: ___________/s/___________
Hays Gorey, Jr.

By: ___________/s/___________
Mark W. Pletcher
Trial Attorneys Antitrust Division
United States Department of Justice


Date: 09/27/06 By: ___________/s/___________
Robert Erickson
Assistant United States Attorney

Defendant's Representative's Signature: As corporate representative for defendant Ryan's World, Inc., I have consulted with counsel for the corporation and fully understand all rights of the defendant with respect to the pending Criminal Information. Further, I fully understand all rights with respect to 18 U.S.C. § 3553 and the provisions of the Sentencing Guidelines Manual that may apply in this case. I have read this plea agreement and carefully reviewed every part of it with counsel for the defendant. I understand this agreement and voluntarily accept it on behalf of the defendant.



Date: 09/15/06

By: ___________/s/___________
Michael Pasha
Corporate Representative and President of
Defendant Ryan's World, Inc.

Defense Counsel's Signature: I am counsel for defendant Ryan's World, Inc. in this case. I have fully explained to the defendant its rights with respect to the pending Criminal Information. I have reviewed 18 U.S.C. § 3553 and the Sentencing Guidelines Manual, and have fully explained to the defendant the provisions that may apply in this case. I have carefully reviewed every part of this plea agreement with the defendant's Board of Directors and with the corporate representative of the defendant, Michael Pasha. To my knowledge, the defendant's decision to enter into this agreement, to accept benefits under the agreement, and to be bound by certain obligations under the agreement are informed and voluntary decisions.

Date: 09/27/06

Anthony V. Nanni, Esq.
Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson
Counsel for Defendant Ryan's World, Inc.


1. Under U.S.S.G. § 2B1.1 n.3(B), in the event there is a loss, but it cannot reasonably be determined, "[t]he court shall use the gain that resulted from the offense as an alternative measure of loss . . . ."


Updated April 18, 2023