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Plaintiff Exhibit 0026 : U.S. V. Visa U.S.A Inc., Et Al.

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Slide with presentation title and author[D]



Highly Confidential -- Outside Counsel Eyes Only

Image of sample Visa card used to show the 1976 Visa product portfolio: $11 Billion

  • 1976...In some ways it feels like yesterday -- in others, it feels like a long time ago
  • Jimmy Carter was President of the United States; Watergate and Vietnam were still fresh in our memory; the country was in recession - in the midst of the oil crisis; inflation and interest rates were both in double digits; and, Bank Americard had just become VISA
  • In 1976 Visa's business consisted of a single product - The Classic Credit Card
  • Annual sales volume totaled $11 Billion
  • Competition was clear: primarily proprietary retail cards, American Express & Mastercharge
  • Although it probably didn't fee! like it at the time, the business was relatively simple


Images of card and check products showing Visa product portfolio today[D]

  • Fast forward 20 years to the present
  • Today Visa's product porfolio is not nearly so simple
  • Where once the Classic Card stood alone, we row offer a VISA Gold Card that will grow nearly 40% this year and account for almost as much volume as Classic
  • In addition, we've added both on and off-line debit card products -- this year VISA check cards in circulation alone will surpass 38 million and volume will grow in excess of 50%
  • And we have some exciting plans for Interlink and Plus that 1 will talk more about later
  • There are now three rapidly growing commercial credit card products under the Visa banner that will grow more than 50% in 1996. Cards in circulation will approach 4 million by year end, up from 2.1 million at the end of 1995
  • Finally, the porfolio 20 years later includes VISA traveler's checks, TravelMoney, and now, in time for the Olympics -- VISA Cash


Pie chart showing Visa source of volume in 1995: Commercial Card 3%, Check Card 9%, Classic Visa 48%, Gold Card 40%, with $372 Billion written underneath

  • By the end of last year, total Visa volume in the U.S. had grown to a whopping $372 billion in the U.S. alone
  • By any standard of measurement that is impressive growth and a long way from $11 billion in 1976
  • And while there are a number of new and emerging products in the portfolio, this hugely successful enterprize has been built largely around two products, VISA Classic & VISA Gold
  • These two products are still the heart of the business; together they account for almost 90% of volume


Pie chart showing Visa U.S.A. market share in the credit card arena: Discover 6.3%, Diners 1.1%, Visa 50.3%, MasterCard 27.0%, American Express 15.3%

  • Along the way, you have built a strong competitive position - capturing over 50% of the market
  • ...nearly twice the size of the nearest competitor
  • ...more than three time the size of American Express
  • ...and Visa continues to outgrow all competitors, adding to its lead again in 1996


Pie chart showing U.S.A. consumer payments (potential for card based transactions) in 1995 volume: Credit $740 Billion 20%, POS Debit $51 Billion 1%, Checks $2,085 Billion 55%, Cash $839 Billion 22%, Other $56 Billion 2%, with $3,771 Billion written next to it; Source: Nilson Report

  • As a direct result of your efforts to build your VISA brand over the last twenty years, by the end of 1995 total card based credit transactions reached $740 billion in the U.S.
  • Nilson estimates there was just under $3.8 trillion in consumer payment transactions in 1995 that could potentially have been card based
  • This means the credit card based share of the total pie reached 20% for the first time ever!


Two bar charts showing projected credit card growth by consumer payments in 1995: Credit=$740 Billion (20%) of $3,771 Billion; and in 2001: Credit=$1,263 Billion (24%) of $5,337 Billion; Source Visa Projection, Andersen Consulting

  • And, as you can see here, as we approach the 21st century, we fuly expect to continue to drive healthy growth in the credit category
  • By 2001, expect credit card transaction volume to reach 24% of total consumer payments...that's growth of over $500 billion in next six years
  • We plan to capture well more than half of that growth volume, to continue to grow our share!
  • By any measure, this is a very impressive story

    (Note: Flip back to prior slide)

  • However, back up for a minute...In contrast to success of the credit business, we have not made nearly the same progress on the debit card side
  • In fact, year end 1995 POS debit transaction volume accounted for little more than 1% of all consumer payments
  • Clearly, we haven't focused very effectively or very consistently on building this business. So, it is not surprising to see account profitability issues, lack of critical mass of cards in circulation, no national marketing and advertising program,and product utility issues
  • We believe it's time to change that and it's Visa's responsibility to lead

    (Note: move forward two slides to resume presentation)


A slide title 'The Opportunity' showing three bullet points[D]

  • As I said, we expect the credit category to continue to grow ~ and at a healthy rate
  • However, margins are shrinking; it is increasingly difficult to maintain the same growth in profitability
  • There is an opportunity to leverage the existing infrastructure and VISA brand to grow business in the underdeveloped category of debit
  • In the last year, we have reached critical mass in terms of cards - 38.5 million by year-end, in 50 states
  • No other brand is in a position to take the lead and build the category...and no other brand is better positioned to capture the growth and keep it!


  • Owning the relationship with the customer is critical to your future and debit is the key


Pie chart showing the Visa product line strategy for 1995[D]

  • In the last 20 years, working together with you our member owners, we've built the world's most successful credit card business -- with VISA Classic & VISA Gold
  • Now, with VISA Cash, we are exploring our potential to profitably transfer the nearly half a trillion dollars of cash payments under $10 to card based transactions
  • But look at the left side of the pie, there's the "prize" -- the debit category -- with a volume potential of almost $2.5 trillion, more than 3 times the size of the credit category!
  • And today the entire industry is only capturing $51 billion of that $2.5 trillion!


  • Over 80% of that debit category payment volume is supported by paper checks today...and that you, the banks, are the primary vehicle for those checks....(Next Slide)


Bar charts showing Visa average profitability per active account[D]

  • Howevert, the average Demand Deposit Account earns approximately $1/year
  • So, while debit cards do not earn the average of $58/year that a credit card account does, at between $18 - $24/year they are certainly more profitable for you than paper checks


  • Your next question is likely to be, "what is the risk to my credit card volume if I begin to aggressively "push" debit cards?" Cannibalization?
  • Good question -- let's take a look. It just so happens that we have quantifiable research , the 1995 Visa Payment Systems Panel Study, that answers that question


Table showing consumer spending habits[D]

  • This is a chart of onsumer spending habits, explaining how people pay for goods and services
  • To the far left is the listing of payment methods
  • In the next two columns are:
    • Cardholders with only Bankcards
    • Cardholders with both Bankcards and Debit cards
  • Under each column is the percentage share of spending by payment method
  • Consumers with only Bankcards put 21% of spending on plastic; those with both Bankcards and debit cards put 30% on plastic
  • More importantly, all of the additional 9 percentage points in plastic spending was incremental to Bankcard spending
  • Bankcard spending stayed at 14%, debit went from 0 to 7% and other plastic went from 7 to 9%
  • Consumers who are issued debit cards tend to use them to replace payments previously made with checks or cash -- not payments previously made with credit cards


Title page - Goal: Mainstream the Debit Payment Category

  • Our goal is to make debit cards a mainstream product in America -- the same way that credit cards are a mainstream product today
  • We believe the opportunity is right, and the time is now!
  • To accomplish our goal requires a significant and sustained program on a number of fronts -- starting with the consumer


Bullet points listing deposit access strategy for consumer marketing[D]

  • Ultimately, no matter what we do, until the consumer begins to perceive debit cards as an everyday, mainstream way of life and behave accordingly, we cannot succeed.
  • That means we have to generate broadscale awareness of the product and educate consumers. How to use it...where to use it...and most importantly, why they should use it
  • We must cultivate consideration of the product as an alternative to how they pay today and motivate them to try the debit card.
  • Finally, we have to be sure the product motivates consumers to become repeat and regular users. The product has to work and it has to deliver the convenience and simplicity of use that we promise.


  • So, how do we define success? How will we know when we have accomplished our goal? While most understand the term "mainstream," it is a little vague. We need specific goals, time frames and a plan
  • I woulod like to share some of that with you today


Pie charts showing grow of the debit category to 10% of consumer transactions[D]

  • Today debit represents $51 billion in transaction volume, just over 1 % of all consumer payments
  • By the end of 2001, our intention is to grow that to 10% of all transactions
  • This means the debit business would grow to a total of $534 billion by the end of 2001. We think you would like 55-60% of that business
  • At the same time, credit card volume will continue to grow. This means in the next 5 1/2 years, we plan to lead total card based volume from today's 21% of total consumer payments to 34%
  • An aggressive goal, but achievable. If we are successful, here is our vision of the future...

    (Next Slide)


Slide deliniating the future vision of deposit awaresss strategy[D]

  • Debit is a mainstream category in terms of consumer awareness, understanding and behavior


Future vision of deposit awaresss strategy, cont'd[D]

  • VISA is the acceptance mark on Member-branded debit cards, enhancing both the real and perceived value of the Member brand


Future vision of deposit awaresss strategy, cont'd[D]

  • VISA debit products will provide incremental Member profitability vs. cash and checks


Future vision of deposit awaresss strategy, cont'd[D]

  • Visa has a flexible, integrated solution to our Members' processing requirements


Future vision of deposit awaresss strategy, cont'd[D]

  • Visa product offerings provide flexibility to meet the unique needs of each market or customer (Relationship Card)


Future vision of deposit awaresss strategy, cont'd[D]

  • Multiple POS programs are not needed for Member-branded deposit access cards carrying the VISA acceptance mark


Highlight points of deposit access strategy[D]

  • You may be thinking that this is some pretty bold talk
  • If you are, let me assure you that (1) you're is...however, (2) a lot of very talented people have spent a lot of time and energy ensuring that these targets are achievable and creating a plan to get us there
  • Let me give you the highlights. The plan to mainstream debit has five primary elements, starting with consumer marketing


Highlight points of consumer marketing, awareness and preference for debit card products[D]

  • As I said earlier, if we are going to succeed, we have to create broadscale awareness and acceptance among consumers for debit products
  • Quantifiably, that means penetrating 50% of the DDA base of all VISA check card issuers
  • Secondly, we need 70% of those cards to be active
  • Finally, we must increase usage frequency to 12 times per month
  • Let me show what that does to transaction volume


Bar graphs showing VISA check card transaction potential[D]

  • In 1995, consumers did 700 million transactions using VISA check cards. Based on the average amount per transaction and extrapolating the historical rate of growth, consumers will need to be doing approximatley 5.5 billion transactions with their VISA check cards by the end of 2001
  • To get there, we need to achieve the penetration, activation and usage frequency numbers I just showed you
  • Here you can see that today we have only an 18% penetration of DDA accounts within the DDA base of check card issuers. That must grow to 50% Activation rates must grow from 42% to 70%
  • And, frequency must grow to 12 times per month from just under seven times per month
  • These targets achievable; already banks in the marketplace are achieving those numbers


Bullets highlighting list of programs to create consumer 'pull' for debit cards[D]

  • Next we must utilize a range of marketing and advertising programs to create consumer "pull" for debit cards

    (Review Above Bullets)


Bullets highlighting list of programs to create consumer 'push' for debit cards[D]

  • We also have to create and execute programs to "push" the product into the purses and wallets of more consumers, and educate merchants about the value of the VISA debit products
  • Throughout all our efforts, we need to remember that the VISA acceptance mark is a leverageable asset being utilized to strengthen the Member's offering to their consumers, thereby enhancing the customer relationship


Highlight points of deposit access strategy[D]

  • Beyond the consumer marketing plan, we have created a plan for marketing our debit products more effectively to the merchant


Highlight points of merchant marketing[D]

(Review Above Bullets)


Highlight points of deposit access strategy[D]

  • Thirdly, we must address some fundamental issues with regards to product utility
  • If we are to succeed, we must give consumers the functionality they want with greater convenience and simplicity of use to incent them to change their behavior


Highlight points of deposit access strategy[D]

(Review Above Bullets)


Highlight points of deposit access strategy[D]

  • Next comes the issue of debit processing


Highlight points of debit processing[D]

  • DPS, our Debit Processing Service, is a significant enough venture that it may be appropriate to schedule a separate discussion on this new initiative
  • For now, it's enough to say that we will offer you turnkey processing solutions, providing a Visa alternative to EDS and FDR
  • Secondly, to succeed longer term it is important that we enable a single point of connectivity for banks linked to our debit processing service


Highlight points of deposit access strategy[D]

  • Finally, we plan to work with the various regional networks to ensure that our members have what they need to win longer term in the debit category


Highlight points of regional networks - implement strategy[D]

  • The regional networks represent the point of convergence for debit
  • And, like Visa, they are also bank owned
  • We must work together with each regional network based on the unique conditions within each local market environment to ensure that we are maximizing your profitability and positioning you to win in the strategically important debit category over the longer term



Brand Convergence - Leverage Power of VISA Brand to Drive Incremental Volume and Profitability in the Debit Arena

  • Earlier I talked about utilizing the power of the VISA brand to help us achieve our goal of "mainstreaming" debit
  • Coming out of our annual worldwide board meeting in Montreal, you probably heard the announcement that we intend to begin the process of converging our on-line marks -- Interlink and Plus -- and bringing them together under the VISA brand umbrella
  • The objective is simple -- we want to leverage the power of the VISA brand to drive incremental volume and profitability for you within the debit arena
  • The VISA brand is one of your most powerful assets and it is underleveraged in this category


Highlight points of global branding strategy objectives[D]

  • The decision to converge was made after much research, careful consideration and discussion with our debit member advisory group and the Board of Directors
  • This initiative began well over a year ago. Global Branding Research was conducted in 24 countries around the world, with specific emphasis here in the U.S
  • Objectives: SEE ABOVE


Highlight points of VISA brand identity research for flag[D]

  • The research is too extensive to review today everything we learned. However, several key findings are particularly relevant to this discussion

    (Read Points Noted Above)


Highlight points of VISA brand identity research for brandmark[D]

(Note: Read Points Noted Above)


Highlight points of VISA brand identity research conclusions[D]

  • See Above - 1st bullet point is very important
  • With that learning, we decided it was time to converge our electronic POS and ATM marks into a single entity leveraging the VISA brand, and better positioning us for the future


Highlight points of POS/ATM consolidation[D]

  • The result is VISA Interlink, which will be launched on a "roll through" basis around the world starting now
  • Why not VISA Plus? Could there be consumer contusion?
  • Let me emphasize, this is a 3-5 year process that will be executed carefully in a manner that will minimize disruption to your business, ensure consumer acceptance and still allow us to accomplish the objectives behind the convergence decision


  • Why now:
    1. Plus aquisition allows integration
    2. Key element of our debit strategy
    3. Leverages VISA brand and acceptance mark to elevate perceived value of the member brand
    4. Facilitates migration to relationship card


Picture of Visa, Visa Cash and Visa Interlink cards

  • In addition to VISA Interlink, we are also migrating the graphic design elements to VISA Cash.


Highlight points of implementation[D]

  • Review Plan Bullets Above


Summary: First Priority - Maintain Momentum of Core Credit Card Business

  • Review Points Noted Above


Highlight points of summary[D]

  • Review Points Noted Above


Highlight points of summary[D]

  • Review Points Noted Above


Highlight points of summary[D]

  • Review Points Noted Above


Highlight points of summary[D]

  • Review Points Noted Above


Updated August 14, 2015