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Republic of Iraq

Citizenship and Country Documents 

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal (RRT Requests)
    • IRQ37184 - September 2010
      1. Please provide information on the current status of "Bidoons" in Iraq. In particular: what rights to reside and enter do they have and what access do they have to basic services such as health an education? Are they entitled to any form of ID documents?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • IRQ106241.E - Iraq: Passports, including appearance and security features; procedure to apply from within the country and from abroad – February 2019
    • IRQ106009.E  - Iraq: The Foreigner's Residence Card issued in the Kurdistan region, including purpose and validity; status afforded by the card, including access to employment and services and the ability to return and reside in Iraq; requirements and procedures for the issuance and renewal of cards; information included on the card – Oct. 2017
    • IRQ105845.E - Iraq: Requirements and procedures to obtain one of the new national identity cards, including from abroad and by proxy; information on the expansion of the issuance program, including when, where and to whom the new national identity cards have been issued; security features of the new cards; incidents of fraud – August 2017  
    • IRQ104653.E - Nationality Certificate, including purpose and validity; requirements and procedures for the issuance, renewal and replacement; frequency of fraudulent certificates (2011-November 2013) - Nov 2013
    • IRQ104654.E - Civil Status Identification Card, including purpose and validity; requirements and procedures for the issuance, renewal and replacement of cards, including the location of issue; frequency of fraudulent identity cards (2011-November 2013) - Nov 2013
    • IRQ102012.E - Procedures in place since March 2003 to obtain and renew a national identity card while in the country - Nov. 2006
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) - Report on issuance of the new Iraqi ID card - Nov. 2018
  • UK Country Policy and Information Note

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Children

US Government Reports
  • US Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 202220212020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016
  • Congressional Research Service
    • Child Soldiers Prevention Act: Security Assistance Restrictions – March 2020

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • IRQ39094 - Aug. 2011
      1. What is the situation for children in Babel and Wassit in particular?
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Primary and lower secondary education under the Ba’th regime - April 2016

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Coalition to stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008
  • Human Rights Watch
    • My Marriage was Mistake after Mistake” The Impact of Unregistered Marriages on Women’s and Children’s Rights in Iraq - Mar. 2024
    • Everyone must Confess” Abuses against Children Suspected of ISIS Affiliation in Iraq – Mar. 2019
    • Flawed Justice - Accountability for ISIS Crimes in Iraq - Dec. 2017
Intergovernmental Organization Reports
  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • Care system for orphaned children in the KRI by government institutions and NGOs - Nov. 2021

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Disabilities

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • “No One Represents Us” Lack of Access to Political Participation for People With Disabilities in Iraq – 2021

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • Country Guidance: Iraq - Common analysis and guidance note – 2021
    • EASO Country of Origin Information Report - Targeting of individuals – Mar. 2019

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
 

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Policy and Information Note
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • IRQ35259 - Aug. 2009
      1. Please provide a brief update on the situation since 2005 in Kirkuk addressing ethnic tensions, with a focus on what groups in Kirkuk are anti-US and whether they are launching attacks from there.

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 11th European Country of Origin Information Country Report - Ethnic Groups -2007
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • On Vulnerable Ground: Violence against Minority Communities in Nineveh Province's Disputed Territories - Nov. 2009
    • Claims in Conflict: Reversing Ethnic Cleansing in Northern Iraq - Aug. 2004
    • Forcible Expulsion Of Ethnic Minorities - March 2003
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the current situation for members of ethnic minority groups in Iraq. - Jan. 2010
  • Minority Rights Group International
    • No Way Home:  Iraq’s minorities on the verge of disappearance – July 2016
    • From Crisis to Catastrophe: The Situation of Minorities in Iraq  - Oct. 2014
    • Iraq's Displacement Crisis: Security and Protection - March 2016
    • Between the Millstones: Iraq’s Minorities Since the Fall of Mosul  - Feb. 2015
    • Still Targeted: Continued Persecution of Iraq's Minorities - June 2010
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Arab

Foreign Government Reports
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
  1. What is the current security situation in Nasiriya and the surrounding governorate of Thiqar especially with regard to threats to al Sistani supporters by al Sadr supporters, and their ability to carry them out? Please locate any discussion by a reliable source about the most likely security situation in al Nasiriya as US forces withdraw. How likely it is that al Sadr/Mahdi Army will be motivated to harm non-supporters in the area?
  2. How easy is it for an Arab Iraqi from one part of Iraq to resettle in another part?

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Armenians

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Assyrians

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Kurds

US Government Reports 
  • CRS Reports
    • Iraq-Kurds in Iraq, Turkey, Syria, and Iran  - January 2019

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • IRQ35470 - Nov. 2009
      1. What is the current security situation in Nasiriya and the surrounding governorate of Thiqar especially with regard to threats to al Sistani supporters by al Sadr supporters, and their ability to carry them out? Please locate any discussion by a reliable source about the most likely security situation in al Nasiriya as US forces withdraw. How likely it is that al Sadr/Mahdi Army will be motivated to harm non-supporters in the area?
    • IRQ34994 - July 2009
      1. Please provide a brief overview of the current security situation in al-Sulaimanyah. What groups/parties are in control, and is there any conflict there etc?
      2. What Muslim "fundamentalist" groups/parties are active in al-Sulaimaniyeh? How much power do they have?
      3. How common is the incidence (if any) of individuals being killed in al-Sulaimanyeh because of breaches of social mores, excluding "honor killing" How do the authorities deal with perpetrators?
      4. For a young single man from this area, what barriers are there to resettlement away from one's home city, but within the Kurdish north?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • IRQ105690.E - Iraq: Police procedures in the Kurdistan region for issuing a notice to appear (summons) at a police station, including whether it is issued in writing to the individual at their residence; whether an arrest warrant follows if the notice to appear is unanswered by the individual – Nov. 2016
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Honor Crimes against Men in Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) and the Availability of Protection - Jan. 2010

Media

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • 11th European Country of Origin Information Country Report - Faili Kurds - June 2007
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
  • World Directory of Minorities - Kurds
  • International Crisis Group - Iraq and the Kurds: Confronting Withdrawal Fears - March 2011

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Ethnic Groups / Race -  Faili Kurds

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • Country Guidance: Iraq - Common analysis and guidance note – Ethnic and religious minorities: July 2021

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race - Turkmens

 

Non-Government Organization Reports

Ethnic Groups / Race - Shabaks 


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Ethnic Groups / Race - Roma

Ethnic Groups / Race - Black Iraqis

 

Gender

US Government Reports
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
    • Women in the Middle East and North Africa: Issues for Congress – Dec. 2021

Foreign Government Report

  • Kurdish  - 'honor' crimes  - March 2021
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • IRQ37757 - Dec. 2010
      1. Is it known whether the practice of virginity testing is widespread, and whether it occurs in Kadhimiya Hospital or similar hospitals?
      2. Please provide information about the following: a. Do the Baghdad police (in Madinat al-Hurriya) offer protection to Shia women who have shamed their families? If not, why not?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • IRQ106049.E - Iraq: Inter-sect marriage between Sunni and Shia Muslims, including prevalence; treatment of inter-sect spouses and their children by society and authorities, including in Baghdad; state protection available – Jan. 2018
    • IRQ105701.E - Iraq: Whether doctors in the Kurdish autonomous region are assigned to practice medicine in particular locations by the Ministry of Health or whether they can practice medicine in a location of their choosing; whether this applies to male and female doctors; treatment of female doctors by the Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL) – Nov. 2016
    • IRQ105424.E - Honor-based violence in the Kurdistan region; state protection and support services available to victims – February 2016
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) - Women and men in honor-related conflicts – Nov. 2018
    • Honor Crimes against Men in Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) and the Availability of Protection - Jan. 2010

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Iraq: The Condemned: Women and Children Isolated, Trapped and Exploited in Iraq - April 2018
    • Trapped by Violence - Women in Iraq - March 2009
  • Freedom House
    • Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa 2010 - Iraq - March 2010
  • Human Rights Watch
    • My Marriage was Mistake after Mistake” The Impact of Unregistered Marriages on Women’s and Children’s Rights in Iraq - Mar. 2024
    • Trapped - How Male Guardianship Policies Restrict Women’s Travel and Mobility in the Middle East and North Africa - July 2023
    • Domestic Violence in Iraq - Commentary on the Draft Anti-Domestic Violence Law in Iraq – Mar. 2017
    • No One is Safe - Abuses of Women in Iraq's Criminal Justice System - Feb. 2014
    • "They Want Us Exterminated" Murder, Torture, Sexual Orientation and Gender in Iraq - Aug. 2009
    • Climate of Fear: Sexual Violence and Abduction of Women and Girls in Baghdad - July 2003
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Up to date information regarding "honor killings" in Iraq of both Men and women. - May 2010
  • Minority Rights Group International
    • The Lost Women of Iraq: Family-based violence during armed conflict – Nov. 2015
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
    • Broken Home:  Women’s Housing, Land and Property Rights in Post-Conflict Iraq – May 2020
Intergovernmental Organization Reports
  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • COI Query:  Situation of women who have suffered domestic violence - Oct. 2021
    • Iraq Key socio-economic indicators - Feb. 2019

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Iraq: Opposition to the government in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq - June 2021
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • IRQ39094 - Aug. 2011
      1. Is there any information indicating that the Badr Brigade is continuing to commit human rights abuses in Iraq?
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Security and Human Rights in South/Central Iraq - May 2010

Intergovernmental Government Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office
    • Iraq: Treatment of Iraqis with perceived affiliation to ISIL – Oct. 2020
    • Iraq Key socio-economic indicators - Nov. 2021

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Amnesty International Reports: The state of the World’s Human Right - Apr. 2024Mar. 2023
    • Death Sentences and Executions  – 2020
    • Days of Rage: Protests and Repression in Iraq - Apr. 2011
    • Civilians Under Fire - Apr. 2010
    • Carnage and Despair - Iraq Five Years On - Mar. 2008
  • Freedom House
    • Freedom in the World - 2022
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Human Rights World Reports - 2023, 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016
    • Trapped - How Male Guardianship Policies Restrict Women’s Travel and Mobility in the Middle East and North Africa - July 2023
    • To Sleep the Law Violence Against Protesters and Unaccountable Perpetrators in Iraq - Nov. 2022
    • “We Might Call You in at Any Time” Free Speech Under Threat in Iraq – June 2020
    • Iraq: Water Crisis in Basra: Decades of Mismanagement, Pollution, Corruption – July 2019
    • Basra is Thirsty: Iraq's Failure to Manage the Water Crisis - July 2019
    • “Life Without a Father is Meaningless” Arbitrary Arrests and Enforced Disappearances in Iraq 2014-2017 – Sept. 2018
    • After Liberation Came Destruction: Iraqi Militias and the Aftermath of Amerli - March 2015
    • Why They Left - Stories of Iranian Activists in Exile - Dec. 2012
    • Iraq's Information Crimes Law - Badly Written Provisions and Draconian Punishments Violate Due Process and Free Speech - July 2012
    • At a Crossroads : Human Rights in Iraq Eight Years after the US-Led Invasion - Feb. 2011
    • Caught in the Whirlwind – Torture and Denial of Due Process by the Kurdish Security – July 2007
    • Ali Hassan al-Majid and the Basra Massacre of 1999 - Feb. 2005
    • Basra:  Crime and Insecurity Under British Occupation – June 2003
    • Violent Response:  The U.S. Army in Al-Falluja – June 2003
    • The Mass Graves of al-Mahawil: The Truth Uncovered - May 2003
  • Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
    • Assessing the severity of displacement situations: data gaps and ways forward - Oct. 2022
  • International Crisis Group
  • Minority Rights Group International
    • Minority and Indigenous Trends:  Iraq and Syria: Documenting human rights violations in conflict — the Ceasefire online reporting tool - 2020
    • Peoples Under Threat 2020
    • Civilian Activists under Threat in Iraq - Dec. 2018
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
    • Inadequate and inequitable: water scarcity and displacement in Iraq - Nov. 2023

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Justice System

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • IRQ106242.E - Iraq: Investigation courts, including role, activities and locations, particularly in Baghdad; requirements and procedures to report a crime to an investigation court; requirements and procedures to obtain court reports, including their appearance – Feb. 2019
    • IRQ105794.E - Iraq: Requirements and procedures to obtain a police report in Kurdistan, both within the country and abroad; information on submitting a police complaint in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq; whether the police produces a written report when a complaint is made in person at a police station – April 2017
  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • IRQ37757 - Dec. 2010
      1. Are there reports on the extent to which Sharia law - in particular, the pursuit of non-compliant moderate couples - is practiced in Baghdad? Do reports indicate known family/tribe or localised risk factors?
      2. Please provide information about the following: a. Do the Baghdad police (in Madinat al-Hurriya) offer protection to Shia women who have shamed their families? If not, why not? b. Do the Baghdad police offer men such protection? If not, why not?

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Iraq:  Marked for Life: Displaced Iraqis in Cycle of Abuse and Stigmatization  – Nov. 2020
    • Amnesty International Global Report:  Death Sentences and Executions  – 2020
    • No Impunity for Enforced Disappearances - Iraq's Obligations Pursuant to the Enforced Disappearance Convention - Dec. 2012
    • Unlawful Detention and Torture in Iraq - Sep. 2010
    • Carnage and Despair - Iraq Five Years On - March 2008
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Role of cooks, clerks and drivers in military and security apparatus of Saddam Hussein's regime - Oct. 2009
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • Iraq:  Judging Dujail – The First Trial before the Iraqi High Tribunal – Nov. 2006
    • The New Iraq? Torture and ill-treatment of detainees in Iraqi custody - Jan. 2005
  • International Crisis Group
    • Failing Oversight: Iraq's Unchecked Government - Sep. 2011
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Police protection in general in Iraq-is it effective/not effective? Any evidence of informers amongst police who give terrorist groups information? - Aug. 2010
    • Reports of extortion of businesses (and violence against their owners) in Baghdad by radical groups/extremists. Reports on ineffective police protection from such threats. - Dec. 2009

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Law

US Government Reports

  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom
    • Violating Rights – Enforcing the World’s Blasphemy Laws – Dec. 2020
    • Respecting Rights? Measuring the World’s Blasphemy Laws – July 2017

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
    • COI Query - Iraq: Arab tribes and customary law - April 2023

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Maps


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Medical Availability

US Government Reports

  • Library of Congress - Congressional Research Service
    • Iraq: Issues in the 116th Congress – Public Health and COVID-19 – July 2020

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office
    • Country Policy and Information Note - Iraq: Medical and healthcare issues – Nov. 2019
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • IRQ105607.E -  Iraq: Requirements and procedures for obtaining medical reports in Kurdistan, particularly Sulaymaniyah, including who can obtain them and whether they can be obtained from abroad; whether reports are kept by hospitals for short-term patients who stayed for two days or less; whether hospitals retain reports of crime related injuries prepared for the police and whether such reports are available to the injured person – Sept. 2016
  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal (RRT Requests)
    • IRQ37184 - Sept. 2010
      1. Please provide information o -n the current status of "Bidoons" in Iraq. In particular: what rights to reside and enter do they have and what access do they have to basic services such as health an education? Are they entitled to any form of ID documents?
Intergovernmental Organization Reports (EASO)
  • European Asylum Support Office
    • EASO Country of Origin Information Report - Iraq Key socio-economic indicators - Feb. 2019
  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • IRQ38175 - Feb. 2011
      1. What is the extent of influence and participation of Muqtada Al Sadr and his followers within the current government and what is the extent of their influence in the security and police force in Baghdad?
    • IRQ35023 - July 2009
      1. What groups (e.g Political, armed, religious) are in control in this area? Are there any reports of such groups pressuring athletes, or young men generally? If so why?
      2. Are there any reports of the Asso or Party Team?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • IRQ43469.E - Whether there are reports of the Islamic Dawa Party seeking revenge on members of the former secret forces and other perceived enemies; state protection available to those seen as supporters of the Saddam Hussein regime - April 2005
  • International Crisis Group
    • After Iraqi Kurdistan’s Thwarted Independence Bid – March 2019
    • Iraq's Secular Opposition: The Rise and Decline of Al-Iraqiya - July 2012

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • Library of Congress - Congressional Research Service
    • Iraq: Issues in the 116th Congress  – March 2019

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Northern Iraq Security situation and the situation for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the disputed areas, incl. possibility to enter and access the Kurdistan Region of Iraq - Nov. 2018
    • UK Country Policy and Information Note

    Intergovernmental Government Organization Reports

    • European Asylum Support Office
      • Situation of IDPs and returned unaccompanied minors in the KRI - Nov. 2021
      • Country Guidance: Iraq - Common analysis and guidance note - Analysis of particular profiles with regard to qualification for refugee status - Jan. 2021
      • Iraq: Treatment of Iraqis with perceived affiliation to ISIL – Jan. 2021 (PDF),  Oct. 2020
    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees
      • International Protection Considerations with Regards to People Fleeing Iraq - Jan. 2024

    Non-Government Organization Reports

    • Amnesty International
      • Punished for Daesh’s Crimes -  Displaced Iraqis Abused by Militia’s and Government Forces  – Oct. 2016

      • Banished and Dispossessed: Forced Displacement and Deliberate Destruction in Northern Iraq - January 2016
    • Human Rights Watch Report
      • "Nowhere to Flee" The Perilous Situation of Palestinians in Iraq - July 2006
      • Flight From Iraq: Attacks on Refugees and Other Foreigners and Their Treatment in Jordan - May 2003
    • International Crisis Group (ICG)
      • Exiles in Their Own Country: Dealing with Displacement in Post-ISIS Iraq –October 2020
    • Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
      • Severity of internal displacement  Report - Nov. 2021
      • A Decade of Displacement in the Middle East and North Africa – Feb. 2021
    • Minority Rights International
      • No Way Home:  Iraq’s minorities on the verge of disappearance – July 2016
    • Norwegian Refugee Council
      • Inadequate and inequitable: water scarcity and displacement in Iraq - Nov. 2023
      • “We are just trying to give our children a future”: Self-reliance for Syrian Refugees in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq - Oct. 2023
      • Nowhere to return to: Iraqis’ search for durable solutions continues – Nov. 2018

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    Religion

    US Government Reports
    • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2022, 202120202019201820172016201520142013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2003, 2002, 2001
    • US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) - 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013
    • US Commission on International Religious Freedom Special Reports
      • Releases New Report on Religious Freedom in Iraq - Sept. 2023
      • Releases New Report on Religious Freedom amid Iraq’s Political Crisis - January 2023
      • Wilting in the Kurdish Sun: The Hopes and Fears of Religious Minorities in Northern Iraq – May 2017
      • The Religion-State Relationship & the Right to Freedom of Religion or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis of the Constitutions of Majority Muslim Countries and Other OIC Members – August 2012
    • United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) RIC Query
      • Iraq: Information on the Post-War Situation [2003] and on the Christian Community - May 2003
      • Information on Treatment of Assyrian and Chaldean Christians - Jan. 2003

    Foreign Government Reports

    • UK Country Policy and Information Note
    • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
      • IRQ200350.E - Iraq: Situation and treatment of Christians, particularly in the north, the Kurdistan region, and Baghdad; government protection and support programs (2017–September 2020) – Oct. 2020
      • IRQ105624.E - Iraq: Information on the treatment of atheists and apostates by society and authorities in Erbil; state protection available - Sept 2016  
      • IRQ105447.E - Security situation in Sulaymaniyah; activities of muslim fundamentalist groups, including ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham) [also known as Islamic State (IS), Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Daesh] – March 2016
     

    Non-Government Organization Reports


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    Specific Country Issues - Religious and Ethnic Minorities

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
      • EASO Country of Origin Information Report - Targeting of individuals – Mar. 2019

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     Yezidis

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
      • Country Guidance: Iraq - Common analysis and guidance note – Ethnic and religious minorities: Yazidi - Jan. 2021

    Non-Government Organization Reports

    • Amnesty International Profile
      • Iraq:  Legacy of Terror:  The Plight of Yezidi Child Survivors of ISIS  - July 2020
    • World Directory of Minorities - Yezidis

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    Chaldeans

    Non-Government Organization Reports


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    Sexual Orientation 

    Foreign Government Reports

    • UK Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
      • Country Policy and Information Note - Iraq: Sexual orientation and gender identity and expression – 2021

    Non-Government Organization Reports

    • Human Rights Watch
      • “All This Terror Because of a Photo” Digital Targeting and Its Offline Consequences for LGBT People in the Middle East and North Africa - Feb. 2023
      • "They Want Us Exterminated" Murder, Torture, Sexual Orientation and Gender in Iraq - Aug. 2009

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    Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

    US Government Reports

    • Library of Congress - CRS Reports

    Foreign Government Reports

    • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance
    • Austrian Center for Country Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) 
      • Punishment for draft evasion and desertion prior to Saddam Husseins's 1994 decree (particularly Iran-Iraq war period) - Oct. 2009
      • Information on the testing of biological weapons on humans, including Iranian POWs and Iraqi prisoners (possibly in Abu Ghraib) - May 2009
    • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
      • IRQ200349.E - Iraq: Security situation in Erbil [Arbil, Irbil], including activities of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) [Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, Islamic State (IS), Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Daesh] (2017–September 2020) – 2020
      • IRQ105417.E - Security situation in Erbil [Arbil, Irbil], including ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham) [also known as Islamic State (IS), and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)] Activities – February 2016

    International Government Organization Reports

    • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)

    Non-Government Organization Reports

    • Amnesty International Profile
      • Iraq:  Legacy of Terror:  The Plight of Yezidi Child Survivors of ISIS  - July 2020
      • “At Any Cost” the Civilian Catastrophe in West Mosul, Iraq  - July 2017
      • Taking Stock: The Arming of Islamic State - December 2015
    • Armed Conflict Reports - Iraq
    • Armed Conflict Reports - Iraq - Shia
    • Human Rights Watch
    • Human Rights Watch Report
      • Marked With An “X” Iraqi Kurdish Forces’ Destruction of Villages, Homes in Conflict with ISIS – Nov. 2016
      • Ruinous Aftermath: Militia Abuses Following Iraq's Recapture of Tikrit - September 2015
      • A Face and a Name: Civilian Victims of Insurgent Groups in Iraq - Oct. 2005
      • Off Target: The Conduct of the War and Civilian Casualties in Iraq - Dec. 2003
      • Hearts and Minds: Post-War Civilian Casualties in Baghdad by U.S. Forces - Oct. 2003
    • International Crisis Group
    • Minority Rights Group International - Civilian deaths in the anti-ISIS bombing campaigns 2014–2015  –  Nov 2015

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    Specific Country Issues - Armed Forces/ Security Forces

    Foreign Government Reports

    • UK Home Office - Country Policy and Information Note
      • Iraq: Security Situation - November 2022
      • Iraq:  Actors of protection – Armed forces and security services - Dec. 2020

    International Government Organization Reports

    • EASO Country of Origin Information Report - Targeting of individuals – Mar. 2019

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    Specific Country Issues - Ba'athist

    Foreign Government Reports
    • Australian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
      • IRQ37990 - Jan. 2011
        1. Please provide information on the current situation for, and treatment of, former Ba'athists in Iraq.
        2. Are there any reports of businesspeople having been harmed due to connections with the Ba'ath Party?
      • IRQ37086 - Aug. 2010
        1. Please provide information about Shia militias, or any other groups, that are threatening former Ba'ath Party members in the Samawa area.
        2. Is there any information suggesting that former Ba'athists are still of adverse interest to previously persecuted groups in Iraq?
        3. What are possibilities for relocation in Iraq? For example, is there any reason why a Shia Muslim from Samawa could not reasonably relocate permanently to Basra?
      • IRQ34268 - Feb. 2009
        1. Is there any evidence that former Ba'athists target Shias and/or those they see as collaborating with the USA and with the current Iraqi authorities in and around Hilla?
        2. Is there any evidence that the Madhi Army targets Shias and/or those they see as collaborating with the USA and with the current Iraqi authorities in and around Hilla?
        3. Is there any evidence that the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI) targets Shias and/or those they see as collaborating with the USA and with the current Iraqi authorities in and around Hilla?
        4. Is there any evidence that the Badr Brigade targets Shias and/or those they see as collaborating with the USA and with the current Iraqi authorities in and around Hilla?

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    Specific Country Issues - Asylum Seekers and Treatment of Returnees

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) - UNHCR Position on Returns to Iraq -  October 2014

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    Specific Country Issues - Female Genital Mutilation

    Not Available

    Specific Country Issues - ISIL

    Intergovernmental Organization Reports

    • European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
      • Country Guidance: Iraq - Common analysis and guidance note – Persons perceived to be associated with ISIL - Jan. 2021
      • EASO Country of Origin Information Report - Targeting of individuals – Mar. 2019

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    Speech / Press / Internet

    Foreign Government Reports

    • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
      • IRQ106240.E - Iraq: Media in Kurdistan, including social media; political affiliations of media outlets; treatment of journalists – Feb. 2019
    • UK Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - Aug. 2011
     

    Non-Government Organization Reports


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    Timeline

    Trafficking

    US Government Reports


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    Terrorism

    US Government Reports
    Updated April 30, 2024