While the EEA does not provide for civil forfeiture proceedings, it does authorize the government to file a civil action seeking injunctive relief. 18 U.S.C. § 1836(a). Injunctive relief should be sought to prevent further disclosure of the trade secret during a criminal investigation or in cases in which a defendant's conduct does not warrant criminal prosecution. Federal District Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over such civil actions. 18 U.S.C. § 1836(b).
[cited in JM 9-59.100]