Conducts all of the office's criminal investigations and prosecutions
Advises the United States Attorney on criminal law related matters
Collaborates with other Department of Justice agencies concerning criminal cases
Serves as a contact between the U.S. Attorney's Office and other law enforcement agencies on federal, state, and local levels
Has approximately 83 Assistant U.S. Attorneys
Includes the following 9 specialty units:
Represents the United States and its departments, agencies, and employees in civil cases filed in Massachusetts in both the trial and appeals courts
Has approximately 18 Assistant U.S. Attorneys
Includes the following 4 specialty units:
Provides critical administrative services to the employees and programs of the United States Attorney's Office
Includes the Administrative Officer (principal advisor to U.S. Attorney on administration)
Employs 26 staff members and 7 stay-in-school students
Specializes in: Personnel Management & Human Resources, Financial Management, Systems and Information Management, and Support Services
The Anti-Terrorism and National Security Unit handles anti-terrorism investigations, as well as those involving breaches of national security, such as espionage and munitions smuggling cases. In addition, the members of the Anti-Terrorism and National Security Unit are responsible for the operation of the Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council and administer the Critical Incident Response Plan and the National Security and International Affairs program.
The Public Corruption and Special Prosecutions Unit investigates and prosecutes public corruption cases at the federal, state and local level. The Unit also handles all civil rights prosecutions and other cases of particular sensitivity.
The Major Crimes Unit’s caseload covers a wide range of federal criminal violations such as arson, explosives, firearms offenses, bank robberies, sexual exploitation of children and obscenity matters, assaults on federal officials and crimes on federal reservations, customs offenses, currency counterfeiting, internal and external postal matters, federal regulatory and program offenses, and theft cases.
The Economic Crimes Unit investigates and prosecutes a variety of economic crimes, including bank fraud, bankruptcy fraud, advance fee schemes, insurance fraud, "con man" schemes, money laundering offenses, tax offenses, securities fraud, commercial bribery, copyright infringement, defense procurement fraud and environmental crimes. The Unit also handles complex computer-related crimes. The ECU has a Financial Auditor who is available to help other Assistant U.S. Attorneys in other units of the office.
The Health Care Fraud Unit investigates and prosecutes complex health care fraud committed by corporate and individual defendants, including, but not limited to, independent clinical laboratories, outpatient dialysis providers, pharmaceutical manufacturers, medical device manufacturers, hospitals, ambulance service providers, doctors, pharmacists, and other medical providers.
The Appeals Unit is responsible for reviewing and approving all appellate briefs for the Criminal Division before they are filed. The Appeals Unit advises the United States Attorney on the merits of any proposed government appeal and advises Assistant U.S. Attorneys on legal issues.
The Cybercrime Unit prosecutes crimes of internet fraud, hacking, trade secrets, identity theft, intellectual property and copyright infringement. The most notable case prosecuted by the Cybercrime Unit is United States v. Albert Gonzalez, et al., also known as "the TJX case.” The Office successfully prosecuted a group of hackers who stole the credit card numbers of millions of people from around the world. The TJX case is one of the country’s largest data breaches.
The Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force investigates and prosecutes drug cases and drug-related offenses, with emphasis on major illegal drug trafficking organizations. The Task Force includes Assistant U.S. Attorneys and coordinators from DEA, FBI, IRS, INS, ATF, Customs and the U.S. Marshals Service. The OCDETF Regional Coordinator is responsible for working with Task Force Units located in the U.S. Attorney's Offices in the five other New England states.
The Organized Crime Strike Force/Gang Unit investigates and prosecutes extortion, loan sharking, racketeering and other federal crimes committed by organized crime groups in Massachusetts. Cases include traditional organized crime families (e.g., the Mafia), Asian gangs, Russian organized crime groups, and other nontraditional organized crime groups. The Strike Force has also traditionally handled the Office's labor racketeering cases.
The Asset Forfeiture Unit investigates and prosecutes both civil and criminal cases that involve the possible forfeiture of real property, currency, vehicles, and other items of value. The AUSAs in the Asset Forfeiture Unit handle forfeiture matters alone or with an AUSA from the Criminal Division. The Unit also works to enhance cooperation among federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies by fairly distributing the forfeited assets.
Civil AUSAs defend the United States and its agencies in a range of civil suits brought against the government. Such defensive cases include suits under the Federal Tort Claims Act; allegations of discrimination in federal employment; challenges to agency actions and government procurement under the Administrative Procedure Act; appeals under the Social Security Act; suits seeking the release of records under the Freedom of Information Act and Privacy Act; and the defense of government officials sued in their individual capacities.
The Civil Division devotes roughly half of its resources to its Affirmative Civil Enforcement (ACE) program. ACE seeks to enforce federal regulatory requirements and to recover damages against those who submit false claims or commit fraud against the government. The majority of cases are brought to enforce the federal False Claims Act, with a significant portion of this work devoted to pursuing health care fraud. Some of the cases are initiated by private citizens who may bring suit on behalf of the United States in appropriate circumstances. ACE cases also include prosecutions for fraud in government procurements and actions to enforce the nation's environmental and civil rights laws.
The Financial Litigation Unit (FLU) is responsible for recovering monies owed the government due to breach of contract, defaulted loans, or failure to pay administrative fines and penalties. FLU also pursues legal proceedings to enforce criminal fines, restitution orders, and civil judgments.