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Press Release

Athenahealth Agrees to Pay $18.25 Million to Resolve Allegations that It Paid Illegal Kickbacks

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, District of Massachusetts

BOSTON – athenahealth, Inc. (Athena), a Watertown-based developer of electronic health records (EHR) services, has agreed to pay $18.25 million to resolve allegations that it violated the False Claims Act (FCA) by paying illegal kickbacks to generate sales of its EHR product, athenaClinicals. 

In a complaint filed in conjunction with today’s settlement, the United States alleged that Athena violated the FCA and the Anti-Kickback Statute through three marketing programs. First, Athena allegedly invited prospects and customers to all-expense-paid sporting, entertainment and recreational events. The most lavish of these events, such as “bucket list” trips to the Masters Tournament and the Kentucky Derby, included complimentary travel along with luxury accommodations, meals and alcohol. Second, Athena allegedly paid illegal fees to its customers through its “Lead Generation” program designed to identify new prospective customers. Under this program, Athena paid up to $3,000 per physician that signed up for Athena services, regardless of how much time (if any) the client spent speaking or meeting with the lead. Finally, it is alleged that Athena entered into deals with competing companies that had decided to discontinue their health information technology products. Pursuant to those agreements, known as “Conversion Deals,” the other companies agreed to refer their clients to Athena, and Athena paid competitors based on the value and volume of practices that were successfully converted into Athena customers. 

As a result of these kickbacks, it is alleged that Athena improperly generated sales for itself while causing healthcare providers to submit false claims to the federal government related to incentive payments for adoption and “meaningful use” of Athena’s EHR technology.

“Across the country, physicians rely on electronic health records software to provide vital patient data. Kickbacks corrupt the market for health care services and risk jeopardizing patient safety,” said United States Attorney Andrew E. Lelling. “We will aggressively pursue organizations that fail to play by the rules; EHR companies are no exception.”

“This resolution demonstrates the department’s continued commitment to holding EHR companies accountable for the payment of unlawful kickbacks in any form,” said Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian Boynton for the Department of Justice’s Civil Division. “EHR technology plays an important role in the provision of medical care, and it is critical that the selection of an EHR platform be made without the influence of improper financial inducements.”

“If the benefits of Electronic Health Records are to be fully realized, patients must be confident providers have selected the most effective system – not the one paying the largest kickbacks. Time and again, we’ve seen fraudulent activity undermine the integrity of medical decisions, subvert the health marketplace, and waste taxpayer dollars,” said Phillip M. Coyne, Special Agent in Charge for the Office of Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “We will continue to hold accountable those who provide illegal incentives in order to influence the decision-making of health care providers.”

“It is illegal for companies to extend invitations to all-expense-paid sporting, entertainment, and recreational events, and other perk-filled offers to its prospective customers to win business and boost their bottom line through illegal kickback schemes,” said Joseph R. Bonavolonta, Special Agent in Charge of the FBI Boston Division. “Today’s agreement by Athena to pay $18.25 million should send a strong message to anyone thinking about engaging in this type of illegal activity. The FBI will continue to work with our law enforcement partners to do everything in our power to safeguard our government health care programs and the taxpayers picking up the bill.”

The settlement with Athena also resolves allegations in two whistleblowers lawsuits.  Under the qui tam provisions of the False Claims Act, private individuals, known as relators, can sue on behalf of the government for false claims and share in any recovery.

U.S. Attorney Lelling, Acting Assistant Attorney General Boynton, HHS-OIG SAC Coyne, FBI Boston SAC Bonavolonta and Matthew Modafferi, Special Agent in Charge of the U.S. Postal Service Office of Inspector General, Northeast Area Field Office made the announcement today. The matter was handled by Assistant U.S. Attorneys Jessica J. Weber, David J. Derusha and Gregg Shapiro of Lelling’s Affirmative Civil Enforcement Unit, together with Trial Attorneys Nicholas Perros and Andrew Jaco of the Justice Department’s Civil Division.

Updated May 19, 2021

Health Care Fraud