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Justice News

Department of Justice
U.S. Attorney’s Office
Northern District of Georgia

Friday, October 2, 2015

Guardian Hospice and Related Entities to Pay $3 Million to Resolve False Claims Act Allegations

ATLANTA – The United States Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Georgia announced that Guardian Hospice of Georgia, LLC, Guardian Home Care Holdings, Inc., and AccentCare, Inc., (collectively Guardian) agreed to pay $3 million to resolve allegations that Guardian knowingly submitted false claims to the Medicare program for hospice patients who were not terminally ill. Guardian is a for-profit hospice that provides hospice services in the Atlanta, Georgia, area.

“Medicare payments to hospices are increasing every year,” said U.S. Attorney John Horn. “In order to preserve Medicare funds for services patients truly need, we will continue to pursue hospice providers who abuse the Medicare hospice benefit by billing Medicare for the care of patients who are not terminally ill.”

““The Medicare hospice benefit is intended to provide comfort and care to patients nearing the end of life,” said Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Benjamin C. Mizer, head of the Justice Department’s Civil Division.  “We will continue to aggressively pursue companies that abuse the Medicare hospice benefit to improperly inflate their profits.”

J. Britt Johnson, Special Agent in Charge, FBI Atlanta Field Office, stated: “The FBI is proud of the role that it played in bringing forward today’s settlement in this matter.  The FBI will continue to provide significant investigative resources toward combating Medicare fraud in order to not only protect the limited federal funds dedicated to that program but also to protect the end users that rely and depend on the services that it provides.”

“Hospice care is only medically appropriate – and reimbursed by Medicare – for terminally ill patients who are in the last months of their lives,” said Special Agent in Charge Derrick L. Jackson of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services-Office of Inspector General.  “We will continue to vigorously investigate health care companies that put their own profits above their duty to give appropriate medical care to their patients and bill Medicare only for legitimate health care services.”

The Medicare hospice benefit is available for patients who elect palliative treatment (medical care focused on providing patients with relief from pain, symptoms, or stress) for a terminal illness and who have a life expectancy of six months or less if their illness runs its normal course. Before billing Medicare, a hospice provider is obligated to comply with Medicare requirements and ensure that patients who are foregoing curative care are in need of end of life care.

The government alleges that Guardian submitted or caused the submission of false claims for hospice care for patients who Guardian knew were not terminally ill. These claims were submitted for services provided between December 1, 2009 and March 31, 2012. Specifically, the United States contends that Guardian’s business practices contributed to its submission of claims for patients who did not have a terminal prognosis of six months or less, including failing to properly train its staff and medical directors on the hospice eligibility criteria, setting aggressive targets to recruit and enroll patients, and failing to properly oversee the Atlanta hospice. 

The settlement resolves allegations filed by Rose Betts and Jennifer Williams, former employees of Guardian, under the qui tam or whistleblower provisions of the False Claims Act, which authorize private parties to sue for false claims on behalf of the United States and share in the recovery. Ms. Betts and Ms. Williams will receive approximately $510,000. The lawsuit was filed in the Northern District of Georgia and is captioned U.S. ex rel. Betts v. Texas Home Health of America, L.P., No. 12-cv-0412.

This settlement illustrates the government’s emphasis on combating health care fraud and marks another achievement for the Health Care Fraud Prevention and Enforcement Action Team (HEAT) initiative, which was announced in May 2009 by the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services. The partnership between the two departments has focused efforts to reduce and prevent Medicare and Medicaid financial fraud through enhanced cooperation. One of the most powerful tools in this effort is the False Claims Act. Since January 2009, the Justice Department has recovered a total of more than $25.14 billion through False Claims Act cases, with more than $16.1 billion of that amount recovered in cases involving fraud against federal health care programs.

The claims resolved by the settlement are allegations only, and there has been no determination of liability.

This case was investigated by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Georgia, the U.S. Department of Justice Civil Division’s Commercial Litigation Branch, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Office of Inspector General.

The civil settlement was reached by Assistant United States Attorney Lena Amanti.

For further information please contact the U.S. Attorney’s Public Affairs Office at or (404) 581-6016.  The Internet address for the home page for the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Georgia Atlanta Division is

Updated February 4, 2016