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Press Release

Three Romanian citizens sentenced to federal prison for their roles in a multi-million dollar computer hacking and fraud scheme

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, Northern District of Georgia

ATLANTA - Teodor Laurentiu Costea, Robert Codrut Dumitrescu, and Cosmin Draghici have been sentenced to federal prison on wire fraud conspiracy, computer fraud and abuse, and aggravated identity theft charges.  Their scheme originated from Romania and resulted in the illegal intrusion into computer servers in the United States.  They also deployed phishing messages to thousands of victims and subsequently stole victims’ social security numbers and bank account information. 

“These defendants sought to victimize citizens of the Northern District of Georgia and ultimately across the United States,” said U.S. Attorney Byung J. “BJay” Pak.  “We are warning cyber-criminals no matter where they reside, that this office and our law-enforcement partners are committed to finding you, extraditing you to this district, and prosecuting you.”

“The FBI won’t let geographic boundaries stop us from pursuing and prosecuting those persons who cause tremendous financial pain to U.S. citizens,” said Chris Hacker, Special Agent in Charge of FBI Atlanta. “These three criminals felt like they were safe in Romania hiding behind their computers. Hopefully their sentences send a message to anyone who thinks they can prey on our citizens from afar and get away with it.”

According to U.S. Attorney Pak, the charges, and other information presented in court: From approximately October 2011 through February 2014, Robert Codrut Dumitrescu, Teodor Laurentiu Costea and Cosmin Draghici conducted a “vishing” and “smishing” scheme from Romania.  “Vishing” is a type of phishing scheme that communicates a phishing message, or a message that purports to be from a legitimate source, in this case the victims’ banks, through a voice recording. “Smishing” is similar to “vishing,” but communicates a phishing message through text messages.

As part of the scheme, the defendants compromised computer servers located in the Northern District of Georgia, and elsewhere, and installed both interactive voice response and bulk emailing software.  That software initiated thousands of telephone calls and text messages to victims in the Northern District of Georgia, and across the United States, tricking them into disclosing Personally Identifiable Information (PII) such as financial account numbers, PINs, and Social Security Numbers.  

When a victim received a telephone call, they would be greeted by a recorded message falsely claiming to be a bank. The interactive voice response software would then prompt the victim to enter their PII.

When a victim received a text message, the message purported to be from a bank and directed the recipient to call a telephone number hosted by a compromised Voice Over Internet Protocol server. When the victim called the telephone number, they were prompted by the interactive voice response software to enter their PII. The stolen PII was stored on the compromised computer servers and accessed by Dumitrescu and Costea, who then sold or used the fraudulently obtained information with the assistance of Draghici. 

At the time of their arrests in Romania, Dumitrescu possessed 3,278 financial account numbers, Costea possessed 36,050 financial account numbers, and Draghici possessed 3,465 financial account numbers – all fraudulently obtained through this scheme.   Based upon these numbers alone, the loss amount exceeded $21,000,000. 

  • Robert Codrut Dumitrescu, 41, of Ploiesti, Romania, was sentenced to seven years, three months in prison to be followed by three years of supervised release;
  • Teodor Laurentiu Costea, 43, of Ploiesti, Romania, was sentenced on June 11, 2019 to eight years and two months in prison to be followed by three years of supervised release.
  • Cosmin Draghici, 30, also of Ploiesti, Romania, was sentenced on June 12, 2019 to four years, three months in prison to be followed by three years of supervised release. 

Dumitrescu, Costea, and Draghici were convicted of these charges following their guilty pleas earlier this year.  A restitution hearing has been scheduled for August 30, 2019.   Costea, Dumitrescu, and Draghici were extradited from Romania to Atlanta in 2018 to face these charges.    

This case was investigated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Michael Herskowitz, Chief of the Cyber and Intellectual Property Crime Section, prosecuted the case, with valuable assistance from the Department of Justice’s Office of International Affairs.

For further information please contact the U.S. Attorney’s Public Affairs Office at or (404) 581-6016.  The Internet address for the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Georgia is

Updated July 23, 2019