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Press Release

Owner of Local Technical Training School Pleads Guilty to Defrauding Department of Veterans Affairs of $29 Million in Education Benefits

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, Southern District of California

Assistant U. S. Attorney Michelle L. Wasserman (619) 546-8431    

NEWS RELEASE SUMMARY – November 13, 2019

SAN DIEGO – Nimesh Shah, owner of Blue Star Learning, a technical training school located in San Diego, pleaded guilty today to defrauding the Department of Veterans Affairs out of more than $29 million in Post-9/11 G.I. Bill benefits. 

The Post-9/11 G.I. Bill provides veterans and other eligible individuals with assistance for education-related expenses such as tuition and housing.  The VA pays tuition and fees directly to the school where the veteran is enrolled, and if the veteran is enrolled on more than a half-time basis, the VA additionally provides a monthly housing allowance directly to the veteran, as well as money for books, supplies, equipment and other expenses. 

In order to receive and maintain approval to receive funds from the VA under the Post 9/11 G.I. Bill, Blue Star Learning was required to have at least 15% non-veterans for each course for which the VA was paying educational benefits under the Post-9/11 G.I. Bill, a rule called the “85/15 Rule.”  Blue Star Learning was forbidden to engage in any erroneous or misleading advertising. 

According to Shah’s plea agreement, from March 2016 to June 2019, he devised a scheme to defraud the VA with regards to Post 9/11 G.I. Bill benefits.  Specifically, although Shah knew that close to 100 percent of students at Blue Star Learning were veterans receiving VA educational assistance, Shah repeatedly misrepresented to the California State Approving Agency for Veterans Education (CSAAVE) and the VA that Blue Star Learning was in compliance with the 85/15 Rule.  In order to deceive CSAAVE and the VA, Shah created, and directed at least three other employees at Blue Star Learning to create, fake student files for the purported non-veterans in each program.  Shah additionally emailed the VA 48 fraudulent enrollment agreements for fictitious people he represented were non-veteran students at Blue Star Learning, complete with fraudulent dates of birth, social security numbers, addresses, phone numbers and emails for each fraudulent non-veteran student. 

Blue Star Learning additionally had to provide vocational attainment data to CSAAVE on a yearly basis, as part of a required yearly approval process. According to Shah’s plea agreement, Shah knew that the vast majority of Blue Star Learning graduates did not obtain jobs in the fields in which they were purportedly receiving training, and that the employment statistics on Blue Star Learning’s website were fraudulent. 

Shah nonetheless submitted fraudulent spreadsheets to CSAAVE claiming that all of the Blue Star Learning students listed were employed in the informational technology field.  On these spreadsheets, Shah provided fraudulent phone numbers, email addresses, employers, and employer contact information for each student.  Shah hired individuals to create the fraudulent email addresses for the Blue Star Learning students, and directed these individuals to answer emails received at the fraudulent email addresses pretending to be satisfied Blue Star Learning graduates working in the information technology field. Shah additionally created 30 fictitious companies that he listed as the employers on the fraudulent spreadsheets, and hired individuals to create fraudulent email addresses and domain names for each fictitious company. Shah directed a Blue Star Learning employee to purchase 30 cellular telephones, one for each fictitious employer, and had employees of Blue Star Learning create voicemails on each cellular telephone so that it would appear that the fraudulent businesses were legitimate if CSAAVE called to check.

“These funds were meant to provide educational benefits to veterans who served our country, not line the pockets of unscrupulous opportunists,” said U.S. Attorney Robert Brewer. “This defendant crafted an elaborate scheme to fleece the government and taxpayers, but this case put a stop to this significant fraud.” Brewer thanked prosecutor Michelle Wasserman and federal agents for excellent work on this case.

As a result of Shah’s fraud, the VA issued over $11 million in tuition payments to Blue Star Learning, and over $18 million in housing allowances and stipends. In total, the VA lost $29,350,999.  Shah’s wife, Nidhi Shah, pleaded guilty at the same time to one count of False Statement, as a result of lies she told to agents at the time of her interview.

DEFENDANT                                               Case Number 19CR4551-JAH; 19CR4550-JAH  

Nimesh Shah                                       Age: 36                                   San Diego, CA

Nidhi Shah                                          Age: 34                                   San Diego, CA


Nimesh Shah: Wire Fraud – Title 18, U.S.C., Section 1343

Maximum penalty: Twenty years’ imprisonment and $250,000 fine

Nidhi Shah: False Statement – Title 18 U.S.C., Section 1001

Maximum penalty: Five years’ imprisonment, and $250,000 fine


Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Inspector General

Federal Bureau of Investigation

Updated November 13, 2019

Financial Fraud
Press Release Number: CAS19-1113-Shah