Board of Immigration Appeals

The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA or Board) is the highest administrative body for interpreting and applying United States immigration laws. The BIA is authorized 23 Appellate Immigration Judges, including a Chief Appellate Immigration Judge and one or two Deputy Chief Appellate Immigration Judges. Primarily, the BIA reviews appeals from certain decisions that immigration judges and district directors of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) render, ensuring that the immigration laws receive fair and uniform application. The BIA decides each appeal on a case-by-case basis, affording each case the necessary time and consideration to ensure fairness. BIA decisions are binding on all immigration judges and DHS officers. Certain BIA decisions are designated for publication in the Administrative Decisions Under Immigration and Nationality Laws of the United States.

Biographical information on the current BIA members follows.

Biographical Information

David H. Wetmore | Charles Adkins-Blanch | Michael P. Baird
William A. Cassidy | V. Stuart Couch | Michael J. Creppy
Deborah K. Goodwin | Stephanie E. Gorman | Edward R. Grant
Anne J. Greer | Keith E. Hunsucker |Edward F. Kelly |Ellen Liebowitz
Sunita B. Mahtabfar | Garry D. Malphrus | Ana Landazabal Mann | Philip J. Montante Jr.
 Hugh Mullane | Blair O'Connor| Sirce E. Owen | Aaron R. Petty | Kevin W. Riley
Earle B. Wilson
Temporary Board Members

David H. Wetmore
Chief Appellate Immigration Judge

Attorney General William Barr appointed David H. Wetmore as the Chief Appellate Immigration Judge of the Board of Immigration Appeals in May 2020. Chief Judge Wetmore earned a Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude, in 1997 from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, and a Juris Doctor, with High Honors, in 2002 from The George Washington University Law School, Washington, DC. He joined the Department of Justice (DOJ) in 2009 as a career appellate litigator. From 2019 to May 2020, he served as Associate Deputy Attorney General, Office of the Deputy Attorney General (ODAG).  From 2018 to 2019, he served as Senior Counsel to the Deputy Attorney General in ODAG. From 2009 to 2018, Chief Judge Wetmore served as a Trial Attorney in the Civil Division, Office of Immigration Litigation’s (OIL) Appellate Section, DOJ. During his tenure at OIL, he also served a detail from 2017 to 2018 as an Immigration Advisor to the White House Domestic Policy Counsel. From 2005 to 2006, and again from 2007 to 2009, Chief Judge Wetmore was a litigation associate at Sidley Austin LLP. From 2006 to 2007, Chief Judge Wetmore was a law clerk to the Honorable Daniel A. Manion, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. From 2003 to 2005, Chief Judge Wetmore worked as a litigation associate at Jenner & Block LLP. From 2002 to 2003, Chief Judge Wetmore served as a law clerk to the Honorable Gordon J. Quist, U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan. Chief Judge Wetmore has served on an intermittent basis in 2006, 2008 through 2009, and 2010 through 2011, as an adjunct professor of law at The George Washington University Law School, where he taught legal writing and oral advocacy. Chief Judge Wetmore is a member of the District of Columbia Bar.

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Charles Adkins-Blanch
Deputy Chief Appellate Immigration Judge

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed Charles Adkins-Blanch as Deputy Chief Appellate Immigration Judge of the Board of Immigration Appeals in January 2013. Deputy Chief Judge Adkins-Blanch received a bachelor of arts degree in 1984 from Grinnell College and a juris doctorate in 1990 from the National Law Center, George Washington University. He served as a board member from 2008 until his appointment as Deputy Chief Judge. From 2004 to 2008, he served as an immigration judge at the Headquarters Immigration Court and, from 1995 to 2004, Deputy Chief Judge Adkins-Blanch served in EOIR’s Office of the General Counsel, as general counsel from 2000 to 2004, as acting general counsel from 1999 to 2000, and as an associate general counsel from 1995 to 1999. From 1990 to 1995, he worked for the Board as an attorney advisor entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honors Program. From 1989 to 1990, he clerked in private practice with the firm of Maggio & Kattar, specializing in immigration and nationality law. Deputy Chief Judge Adkins-Blanch is a member of the District of Columbia and Virginia State Bars.

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Michael P. Baird

Attorney General William P. Barr appointed Michael P. Baird as an appellate immigration judge in August 2020. Judge Baird received a Bachelor of Business Administration in 1989 from Clayton State University and a Juris Doctorate in 1992 from Georgia State University College of Law. From 2009 to 2020, he served as an immigration judge first in Dallas, Texas and then later transferred to the Atlanta Immigration Court. From 2006 to 2009, he served as a senior assistant district attorney in the Appalachian Judicial Circuit, in Georgia. From 2004 to 2006, he served as a judge in the Municipal Court of Jonesboro, Georgia. From 1997 to 2004, he served as chief judge for the Magistrate Court of Clayton County, Georgia. From 1995 to 1996, he was in private practice. From 1993 to 1995, he served as senior assistant solicitor general at the Clayton County Solicitor’s Office. From 1992 to 1993, he was in private practice. From 1986 to 1990, he was a police officer. Judge Baird has taught as adjunct faculty at the Georgia State University College of Law, Clayton State University and the University of West Georgia. Judge Baird is a member of the State Bar of Georgia.

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William A. Cassidy

Attorney General William Barr appointed William A. Cassidy in August 2019. Judge Cassidy received a Bachelor of Science in 1975 from Kenyon College and a Juris Doctorate in 1980 from John Marshall/Cleveland State University. From October 1993 to November 1996, Judge Cassidy served as an immigration judge in New York, and from November 1996 to August 2019, he served as an immigration judge in Atlanta. From 1992 to 1993, he was in private practice with Squire, Sanders & Dempsey, in Cleveland. From 1987 to 1992, he served as both general attorney and as director of training at the former Immigration and Naturalization Service. From 1986 to 1987, and previously from 1981 to 1984, he served as an assistant county prosecutor for the Civil/Criminal Division with Cuyahoga County, Ohio. From 1984 to 1986, he served as law director/prosecutor with the City of North Ridgeville, Ohio. Judge Cassidy is a member of the Ohio Bar.

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V. Stuart Couch

Attorney General William Barr appointed V. Stuart Couch in August 2019. Judge Couch received a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1987 from Duke University, a Juris Doctor in 1996 from Campbell University, and a Master of Laws in litigation and dispute resolution in 2008 from The George Washington University. From October 2010 to August 2019, Judge Couch served as an immigration judge in Charlotte, North Carolina. From 2009 to October 2010, he was in private practice in Charlotte, North Carolina. From 2006 to 2009, Judge Couch served as a senior appellate judge on the U.S. Navy-Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals in the District of Columbia. From 2003 to 2006, he was assigned to the Department of Defense, Office of Military Commissions as a senior prosecutor for select detainees held at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. From 2001 to 2003, he served as the chief trial counsel and military justice officer for Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. From 1999 to 2001, Judge Couch was in private practice and served as an assistant district attorney in Beaufort and New Bern, North Carolina. From 1996 to 1999, he served as the chief trial counsel and a special assistant U.S. attorney at Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina. Before attending law school, Judge Couch served as a KC-130 pilot with Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Squadron 252 (VMGR-252) at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point from 1989 to 1993. Judge Couch is a member of the North Carolina State Bar.

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Michael J. Creppy

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed Michael J. Creppy in February 2011. Judge Creppy received a bachelor of arts degree in 1975 from Fisk University, a juris doctorate in 1978 from Howard University School of Law and a masters of law degree in 1979 from Georgetown University Law Center. From April 2006 to February 2011, he served as EOIR’s chief administrative hearing officer. From May 1994 to April 2006, he served as chief immigration judge, overseeing the numerous immigration courts around the country. Prior to joining EOIR, Judge Creppy worked for the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) in various capacities: from 1988 to 1994, in the Office of the General Counsel as deputy general counsel for litigation; from 1986 to 1988, as an associate general counsel primarily focusing on the employer sanctions and anti-discrimination provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act; and from 1984 to 1986, as chief legal officer for the INS district office in Los Angeles. From 1983 to 1984, he served as a trial attorney with the Office of Immigration Litigation, Civil Dvision, Department of Justice. From 1981 to 1983, Judge Creppy was a trial attorney for the former INS district office in New York. From 1979 to 1981 he served as a judicial law clerk for the Superior Court for the District of Columbia. Judge Creppy is a member of the District of Columbia Bar.

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Deborah K. Goodwin

Attorney General William Barr appointed Deborah K. Goodwin in August 2019. Judge Goodwin earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1986 from Wilson College and a Juris Doctor in 2000 from the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law. From February 2017 to August 2019, Judge Goodwin served as an immigration judge in Miami. From 2015 to January 2017, she served as an associate legal advisor for the District Court Litigation Division, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in the District of Columbia. From 2007 through 2015, she served as an associate counsel for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS, in San Francisco. From 2002 through 2007, she served as an assistant chief counsel for ICE, DHS, and former Immigration and Naturalization Service, in San Francisco. Judge Goodwin is a member of the Florida Bar.

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Stephanie E. Gorman

Attorney General William Barr appointed Stephanie E. Gorman in August 2019. Judge Gorman earned a Bachelor of Science in 1996 from California State University Sacramento, a Juris Doctor in 2002 from the Thomas Jefferson School of Law, and a Master of Laws in 2005 from the University of San Diego School of Law. From February 2017 to August 2019, Judge Gorman served as an immigration judge in Houston. From 2014 to January 2017, she served as an attorney and legal instructor at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, Georgia, for the Office of the Chief Counsel, Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security (DHS). From 2008 through 2014, she served as an assistant chief counsel for the Office of the Principal Legal Advisor, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS. From 2009 through 2012, she also served as a special assistant U.S. attorney for the U.S. Attorney’s Office, Middle District of Florida, Department of Justice (DOJ), in Orlando, Florida. From 2007 through 2008, she served as a judicial law clerk for the Honorable M. James Lorenz, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, in San Diego. From March 2007 to September 2007, she served as a judicial law clerk for the Honorable Roger T. Benitez, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, in San Diego. From 2006 through 2007, she served as an assistant state attorney for the 12th Judicial Circuit, in Sarasota, Fla. From 2003 through 2006, she served in various capacities on the faculty of the Thomas Jefferson School of Law, including as visiting assistant professor of law and senior legal writing instructor and adjunct professor. From 2002 through 2004, she served as an associate attorney for the Law Office of Matthew P. Rocco, in Carlsbad, California. Judge Gorman is a member of the State Bar of California and the Florida Bar.

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Edward R. Grant

Attorney General Janet Reno appointed Edward R. Grant in January 1998. Judge Grant received a bachelor of arts degree in 1979 from Georgetown University and a juris doctorate in 1982 from Northwestern University School of Law. From 1995 to 1998, he served as counsel in the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Immigration and Claims. From 1992 to 1995, he served as a deputy associate general counsel, Refugee and Asylum Law Division, and as legislative counsel for INS. From 1987 to 1990, Judge Grant worked for the Chicago law firm of Hinshaw & Culbertson, and from 1982 to 1984 with the Philadelphia law firm of Drinker Biddle & Reath. From 1984 to 1987, Judge Grant served as executive director and general counsel of Americans United for Life in Chicago. Judge Grant is a member of the Illinois State and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Bars.

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Anne J. Greer

Attorney General Michael Mukasey appointed Anne J. Greer in August 2008. Judge Greer received a bachelor of arts degree in 1980 from Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa., and a juris doctorate in 1992 from George Mason University School of Law, Arlington, Va. From 2003 to 2008, she served as an assistant chief immigration judge. From 1992 to 2003, she worked as a senior panel attorney, supervisory attorney advisor, and attorney advisor for the BIA. From 1989 to 1992, Judge Greer was a law clerk at the U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of the Chief Administrative Law Judge, in Washington, D.C. She has been an adjunct professor of law at George Mason University School of Law since 1996. Judge Greer is a member of the District of Columbia and Commonwealth of Virginia Bars.

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Keith E. Hunsucker

Attorney General William Barr appointed Keith E. Hunsucker in August 2019. Judge Hunsucker received a Bachelor of Arts in 1984 from the University of Akron and a Juris Doctorate in 1987 from the University of Akron School of Law. From August 2010 to September 2017, Judge Hunsucker served as an immigration judge in Port Isabel, Texas. From September 2017 to August 2019, Judge Hunsucker served as an immigration judge in Cleveland. From 2000 to August 2010, he worked as a senior instructor for the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Legal Division, Department of Homeland Security, in Glynco, Georgia. From 1992 to 2000, he worked as an attorney for the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), in Atlanta. From 1989 to 1992, he was an attorney for the former INS in Harlingen, Texas. From April 1989 to September 1989, Judge Hunsucker was a law clerk for the Ohio Court of Appeals, 9th Judicial District. From 1988 to 1989, he was in private practice. From 1987 to 1988, Judge Hunsucker worked as an INS attorney in the Attorney General’s Honors Program, in San Francisco. Judge Hunsucker is a member of the Ohio State and District of Columbia Bars.

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Edward F. Kelly

Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch appointed Judge Kelly to begin hearing cases in January 2017. Judge Kelly received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1982 and a Juris Doctor in 1987, both from the University of Notre Dame. From March 2013 to January 2017, Judge Kelly served as deputy chief immigration judge for the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge (OCIJ). From May 2015 to January 2016, he served as assistant director (acting) for the Office of Administration, Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). From March 2011 to March 2013, he served as an assistant chief immigration judge. From November 2007 to March 2011, Judge Kelly served as senior counsel, chief of staff, and counsel for operations for the OCIJ, EOIR. From 1998 to 2007, he was a senior legal advisor for the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), EOIR. From 1995 to 1998, he served as a supervisory attorney and team leader for the BIA. From 1989 to 1993, and again from 1994 to 1995, Judge Kelly was an attorney advisor for the BIA. From 1987 to 1989, he served as an assistant counsel, Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and International Law, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. From 1982 to 1984, he served in the U.S. Peace Corps in Gabon, Africa. Judge Kelly is a member of the Virginia State Bar.

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Ellen Liebowitz

Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch appointed Judge Liebowitz to begin hearing cases in February 2016. Judge Liebowitz received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1987 from the University of Delaware and a Juris Doctor in 1990 from the University of Maryland. From 2008 to January 2016, Judge Liebowitz served as a senior legal advisor to the chairman, Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA). From 2007 to 2008, she was a senior counsel to the chairman, BIA, and from 1991 to 2007, as an attorney advisor for the BIA. Prior to joining the board, she clerked for the Circuit Court for Harford County, Maryland. Judge Liebowitz is a member of the Maryland Bar.

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Sunita B. Mahtabfar

Attorney General William P. Barr appointed Sunita B. Mahtabfar as an appellate immigration judge in August 2020. Judge Mahtabfar earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1994 from the University of Texas at Austin and a Juris Doctorate in 1998 from Thurgood Marshall School of Law. From 2013 to 2020, she served as an immigration judge in the El Paso Immigration Court. From 2006 to 2013, she served as an attorney in the Office of the Assistant Chief Counsel, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in El Paso, Texas. From 2003 to 2006, she served as an asylum officer, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS, in Houston. Judge Mahtabfar is a member of the State Bar of Texas.

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Garry D. Malphrus

Attorney General General Michael B. Mukasey appointed Judge Malphrus in August 2008. Judge Malphrus received a bachelor of arts degree in 1989 and a juris doctorate in 1993, both from the University of South Carolina. From October 2019 through May 2020, Judge Malphus served as Acting Chief Appellate Immigration Judge. From 2005 to August 2008, he served as an immigration judge at the Arlington Immigration Court. From 2001 to 2005, Mr. Malphrus served as associate director of the White House Domestic Policy Council. From 1997 to 2001, he worked for the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, which included serving as chief counsel and staff director on the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice Oversight and the Subcommittee on the Constitution. From 1995 to 1997, Mr. Malphrus served as a law clerk for the Honorable Dennis W. Shedd, U.S. District Judge for the District of South Carolina. From 1994 to 1995 he was a law clerk for the Honorable William W. Wilkins of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. From 1993 to 1994, he was a law clerk for the Honorable Larry R. Patterson, Circuit Judge for South Carolina. Mr. Malphrus is a member of the South Carolina Bar.

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Ana Landazabal Mann

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed Ana Landazabal Mann in November 2011. Judge. Mann received a bachelor of arts degree from Rutgers University in 1982 and a juris doctorate from George Washington University in 1985. From 1996 to November 2011, Judge Mann served as a senior legal advisor to the Chairman of the BIA, during which time she also served as a temporary board member. From 1986 to 1996, Judge Mann was an attorney advisor for the BIA. Judge Mann joined DOJ through the Attorney General’s Honors Program when she clerked at the Drug Enforcement Administration from 1985 until 1986. Judge Mann is a member of the New Jersey State Bar.

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Philip J. Montante Jr.

Attorney General William Barr appointed Philip J. Montante, Jr. in April 2020.
Judge Montante comes to the Board of Immigration Appeals after serving as an immigration judge since 1990, when he was initially appointed by former Attorney General Richard L. Thornburgh. He received a Bachelor of Business Administration in 1966 from Drake College, a Master of Education in 1967 from Florida Atlantic University, and a Doctor of Jurisprudence in 1971 from Samford University. From March 2019 to April 2020, he served as an assistant chief immigration judge, based in Buffalo, New York. From March 2018 to March 2019, he was an immigration judge in Buffalo and Batavia; from July 2016 to March 2018, an immigration judge in Orlando; from August 1997 to July 2016, an immigration judge in Buffalo; and from April 1990 to August 1997, an immigration judge in Miami. From 1975 to 1990, Judge Montante was in private practice. During this time, in 1989, Judge Montante was certified by the Chief Justice of the Florida Supreme Court as a circuit court mediator. From 1975 to 1976, he served as a special assistant attorney general and in 1976, was appointed as a chief municipal court judge in Broward County, Florida. From 1971 to 1975, he held various positions in the state attorney’s office for the 17th judicial circuit of Florida, including prosecutor, chief assistant state attorney, and assistant state attorney. From 1975-1979, Judge Montante was appointed by the Governor of the State of Florida to a four-year term as a member of the Judicial Nominating Commission, first as secretary and then as Chairman. From 1983-1985, he was Chairman of the Florida Bar Grievance Committee 17 (C) 1983. He is currently serving as a Member of the President’s Commission on White House Fellowships (2018 to present) and likewise was a member of the President’s Commission from 2001 to 2007, which is a part of the Executive Office of the President. Judge Montante is a member of the District of Columbia Bar, Florida Bar, and New York State Bar.

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Hugh Mullane

Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey appointed Hugh Mullane in August 2008.  Judge Mullane received a bachelor of business administration degree in 1989 from Siena College and a juris doctorate in 1993 from Georgetown University Law Center.  From 2005 to 2008, he served as special counsel, Office of Legal Policy, Department of Justice (DOJ).  From 2004 to 2005, he worked as the Director of Immigration Security for the Homeland Security Council at the White House. From 1995 to 2004, he served as a senior litigation counsel, Civil Division, DOJ.  From 1994 to 1995, Judge Mullane was an attorney with the Federal Trade Commission.  From 1993 to 1994, he was a law clerk for the Honorable David G. Larimer, U.S. District Judge for the Western District of New York.  Judge Mullane is a member of the District of Columbia and New York State Bars.

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Blair O'Connor

Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch appointed Judge O’Connor to begin hearing cases in February 2016.  Judge O’Connor received a Bachelor of Business Administration degree in 1992 from the University of Notre Dame and a Juris Doctor in 1995 from the Valparaiso University School of Law.  From 2002 to 2016, he served as an assistant director, senior litigation counsel, and trial attorney at the Office of Immigration Litigation, Civil Division, Department of Justice.  From 1996 to 2002, he served on active duty in various capacities in the Army’s Judge Advocate General Corps including as legal assistance and claims attorney, prosecutor, appellate defense attorney, and as a law clerk to the U.S. Army Court of Criminal Appeals.  Judge O’Connor is a member of the Illinois Bar.

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Sirce E. Owen

Attorney General William P. Barr appointed Sirce E. Owen as an appellate immigration judge in August 2020. Judge Owen earned a Bachelor of Science in 1996 from Johns Hopkins University, a Master of Business Administration in 2002 from Georgia State University, and a Juris Doctor in 2005 from Georgia State University. From 2018 to 2020, she served as an assistant chief immigration judge, based in Atlanta. From June 2019 to January 2020, she served as acting deputy director of EOIR. From 2016 to 2018, she served as deputy chief counsel, Office of Chief Counsel, Office of the Principal Legal Advisor, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in Atlanta. From 2008 to 2016, she served as assistant chief counsel, ICE, DHS, in Atlanta. From 2005 to 2008, she was an associate attorney with Mozley, Finlayson & Loggins LLP, in Atlanta. Judge Owen is a member of the State Bar of Georgia.

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Aaron R. Petty

Attorney General William Barr appointed Aaron R. Petty in April 2020.  Judge Petty comes to the Board of Immigration Appeals from the Civil Division, Department of Justice where he has served since October 2009. He received a Bachelor of Arts in 2004 from Northwestern University, a Juris Doctor in 2007 from the University of Michigan Law School, a Master of Studies in 2012 from the University of Cambridge, and a Doctor of Philosophy in 2016 from Leiden University. From October 2015 to April 2020, he served as counsel for national security and senior counsel for national security, District Court Section, Office of Immigration Litigation (OIL), Civil Division, Department of Justice (DOJ). From October 2009 to October 2015, he served as a trial attorney and counsel for national security, Appellate Section, OIL, DOJ. From 2007 to 2009, he worked as a law clerk for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. He also serves as an officer in the U.S. Air Force Reserve. Judge Petty is a member of the District of Columbia Bar and Illinois State Bar.

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Kevin W. Riley

Attorney General William Barr appointed Kevin W. Riley in April 2020.  Judge Riley comes to the Board of Immigration Appeals after serving as an immigration judge since 2009, when he was initially appointed by former Attorney General Eric Holder. He received a Bachelor of Arts in 1992 from the University of Oregon, a Juris Doctor in 1995 from UCLA School of Law, and a Master of Business Administration in 2005 from California State University, Northridge. From November 2009 to May 2020, he served as an immigration judge in Los Angeles. From 2004 to November 2009, he served as deputy chief counsel, Office of Chief Counsel, Office of the Principal Legal Advisor, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, in Los Angeles. From 2003 to 2004, he served as an assistant chief counsel in the same office. From 1995 to 2003, he served as an assistant district counsel with the former Immigration and Naturalization Service in Los Angeles. From May to August 1994, he worked as a law clerk at the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Nevada. Judge Riley is a member of the State Bar of California.

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Earle B. Wilson

Attorney General William Barr appointed Earle B. Wilson in August 2019. Judge Wilson received a Bachelor of Science in 1979 from Atlantic Union College and a Juris Doctorate in 1989 from Howard University School of Law. From October 2005 to July 2007, Judge Wilson served as an immigration judge in Miami; from July 2007 to April 2010, he served as an immigration judge in Orlando, Florida; and from April 2010 to August 2019, he served as an immigration judge in Atlanta. From 1998 to 2004, he served as a senior litigation counsel and trial attorney with the Office of Immigration Litigation, Department of Justice, in the District of Columbia. From 1996 to 1998, he served as an assistant U.S. attorney with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Maryland. From 1992 to 1996, he served as senior counsel at the Securities and Exchange Commission in the District of Columbia. From 1990 to 1992, he was an associate attorney with the law firm of Honigman, Miller, Schwartz and Cohn, in Detroit. From 1989 to 1990, he served as law clerk to the Honorable Joseph W. Hatchett of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit in Tallahassee, Florida. Judge Wilson is a member of the Maryland State Bar.

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Temporary Board Members

Teresa L. Donovan

Attorney General William Barr appointed Teresa L. Donovan as a temporary Judge in February 2020. Judge Donovan received a Bachelor of Science in 1977 from the Washington State University, a Juris Doctor in 1980 from Gonzaga University School of Law, and a Master of Laws in 1981 from Boston University School of Law. She previously served as a temporary board member, Board of Immigration Appeals, Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), from 2011 to 2015, and from 2018 to 2019. Since 2016, she has served as a senior legal advisor at the Board of Immigration Appeals, EOIR. Judge Donovan arrived at the Board of Immigration Appeals, EOIR, as an attorney advisor in 1998, following eight years in private practice. Judge Donovan is a member of the District of Columbia Bar, Virginia State Bar, and Washington State Bar.

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Megan Foote Monsky

Attorney General William Barr appointed Megan Foote Monsky as a temporary Judge in April 2020. Judge Foote Monsky earned a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science in 1999 from Furman University and a Juris Doctor in 2002 from Vermont Law School. Since November 2014, she has served as a supervisory attorney advisor at the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA). During this time, from January to July 2017, she served as a temporary immigration judge. Judge Foote Monsky joined the BIA as an attorney advisor in September 2002, entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honors Program. Judge Foote Monsky is a member of the South Carolina Bar.

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Marcos Gemoets

Attorney General William Barr appointed Marcos Gemoets as a temporary Judge in February 2020. Judge Gemoets earned a Bachelor of Science in 1999 from Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service, and a Juris Doctor in 2002 from St. Mary’s School of Law. From August 2017 to January 2020, Judge Gemoets served as an immigration judge at the Houston Immigration Court. From 2011 to 2017, he served as an attorney at the Law Office of Marcos Gemoets PC, in Houston. From 2007 to 2011, he served as a senior attorney at AzulaySeiden Law Group, in Chicago. From 2006 to 2007, he served as a senior policy analyst for the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, in the District of Columbia. From 2003 to 2006, he served as an attorney, then director of immigration services, for the Catholic Charities, Archdiocese of San Antonio. In 2003, he served as an attorney at the Law Office of Joseph B. DeMott & Associates, also in San Antonio. Judge Gemoets is a member of the Texas State Bar.

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Daniel A. Morris

Attorney General William Barr appointed Daniel A. Morris as a temporary Judge in February 2020. Judge Morris received a Bachelor of Science in 1976 from the University of Nebraska Omaha, a Juris Doctor in 1981 from Creighton University School of Law, and a Master of Business Administration in 1981 from Creighton University Graduate School. From April 2009 to January 2020, Judge Morris served as an immigration judge at the Omaha Immigration Court, and most recently, at the Hartford Immigration Court. He previously served as a temporary board member, Board of Immigration Appeals, Executive Office for Immigration Review, from 2018 to 2019. From October 2005 to April 2009, he served as an assistant chief counsel, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, in Omaha. From April 2002 to October 2005, Judge Morris was in private practice in Omaha. From 1987 to 2002, he served as an assistant U.S. Attorney, also in Omaha. From 1981 to 1987, he served as senior corporate counsel for Mutual of Omaha Insurance Companies. Judge Morris is a member of the Nebraska State Bar.

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S. Kathleen Pepper

Attorney General William Barr appointed S. Kathleen Pepper as a temporary Judge in April 2020. Judge Pepper earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1981 from the College of William and Mary, a Master of Business Administration in 1986 from the College of William and Mary, and a Juris Doctor in 1991 from the Marshall-Wythe School of Law, College of William and Mary. Since October 1992, she has served as an attorney advisor, Board of Immigration Appeals, Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) and, since January 2008, has worked in that capacity as the federal court remand coordinator. From January to July 2017, she served as a temporary immigration judge. From April to December 2007, she served on detail as a legislative counsel at the Senate Judiciary Committee. From April 2003 to January 2004, she served on detail as a special assistant U.S. attorney for the Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Virginia, Civil Division. From September 1991 to October 1992, Judge Pepper worked as a judicial law clerk at the Arlington and Phoenix immigration courts, entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honors Program. Judge Pepper is a member of the Virginia State Bar.

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Daniel L. Swanwick

Attorney General William Barr appointed Daniel L. Swanwick as a temporary Judge in February 2020. Judge Swanwick earned a Bachelor of Arts in 2000 from Duke University and a Juris Doctor in 2007 from Georgetown University Law Center. From 2018 to January 2020, he served as senior counsel to the deputy director, Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). From September 2018 to February 2019, he served as a special assistant U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. From 2016 to 2018, Judge Swanwick served as attorney advisor, Office of the Chief Immigration Judge (OCIJ), EOIR, a position he previously held from 2009 to 2010. From 2010 to 2016, he served as an attorney advisor for the Board of Immigration Appeals, EOIR. From 2007 to 2009, Judge Swanwick worked as a judicial law clerk at the Headquarters Immigration Court, EOIR, entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honors Program. Judge Swanwick is a member of the Virginia State Bar.

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Updated August 7, 2020

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