Board of Immigration Appeals

The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA or Board) is the highest administrative body for interpreting and applying United States immigration laws. The BIA is authorized 21 Board Members, including a Chairman and Vice Chairman. Primarily, the BIA reviews appeals from certain decisions that immigration judges and district directors of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) render, ensuring that the immigration laws receive fair and uniform application. The BIA decides each appeal on a case-by-case basis, affording each case the necessary time and consideration to ensure fairness. BIA decisions are binding on all immigration judges and DHS officers. Certain BIA decisions are designated for publication in the Administrative Decisions Under Immigration and Nationality Laws of the United States.

Biographical information on the current BIA members follows.

Biographical Information

Charles Adkins-Blanch | William A. Cassidy | Molly Kendall Clark
Patricia A. Cole | V. Stuart Couch | Michael J. Creppy | Deborah K. Goodwin
Stephanie E. Gorman |Edward R. Grant | Anne J. Greer | John W. Guendelsberger
Keith E. Hunsucker |Edward F. Kelly | Ellen Liebowitz | Garry D. Malphrus
Ana Landazabal Mann | Hugh Mullane | Blair O'Connor | Linda S. Wendtland
Earle B. Wilson |Temporary Board Members

Charles Adkins-Blanch
Chairman (Acting)
 

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Charles Adkins-Blanch
Vice Chairman

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed Charles Adkins-Blanch as vice chairman of the Board in January 2013. Mr. Adkins-Blanch received a bachelor of arts degree in 1984 from Grinnell College and a juris doctorate in 1990 from the National Law Center, George Washington University. He served as a BIA member from 2008 until his appointment as vice chairman. From 2004 to 2008, he served as an immigration judge at the Headquarters Immigration Court and, from 1995 to 2004, Mr. Adkins-Blanch served in EOIR’s Office of the General Counsel, as general counsel from 2000 to 2004, as acting general counsel from 1999 to 2000, and as an associate general counsel from 1995 to 1999. From 1990 to 1995, he worked for the BIA as an attorney advisor entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honors Program. From 1989 to 1990, he clerked in private practice with the firm of Maggio & Kattar, specializing in immigration and nationality law. Mr. Adkins-Blanch is a member of the District of Columbia and Virginia State Bars.

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William A. Cassidy

Attorney General William Barr appointed William A. Cassidy in August 2019. Mr. Cassidy received a Bachelor of Science in 1975 from Kenyon College and a Juris Doctorate in 1980 from John Marshall/Cleveland State University. From October 1993 to November 1996, Mr. Cassidy served as an immigration judge in New York, and from November 1996 to August 2019, he served as an immigration judge in Atlanta. From 1992 to 1993, he was in private practice with Squire, Sanders & Dempsey, in Cleveland. From 1987 to 1992, he served as both general attorney and as director of training at the former Immigration and Naturalization Service. From 1986 to 1987, and previously from 1981 to 1984, he served as an assistant county prosecutor for the Civil/Criminal Division with Cuyahoga County, Ohio. From 1984 to 1986, he served as law director/prosecutor with the City of North Ridgeville, Ohio. Mr. Cassidy is a member of the Ohio Bar.

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Molly Kendall Clark

Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch appointed Board Member Kendall Clark to begin hearing cases in February 2016. Board Member Kendall Clark received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1974 from Colorado College and a Juris Doctor in 1978 from Suffolk University. From 1995 to 2016, she has served as a senior legal advisor to the chairman, Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA). From 1983 to 1991, and previously from 1978 to 1981, she was an attorney advisor for the BIA. From 1981 to 1982, Board Member Kendall Clark worked in the General Counsel’s Office of the former Immigration and Naturalization Service. Board Member Kendall Clark is a member of the District of Columbia Bar.

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Patricia A. Cole

Attorney General Janet Reno appointed Patricia A. Cole in July 1995. Ms. Cole received a bachelor of science degree in 1971 from Wilson College, Chambersburg, Pa., and a juris doctorate in 1981 from the University of Maryland. From 1993 to 1995, she was a senior policy analyst at the U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform in Washington, D.C. From 1987 to 1993, Ms. Cole served at the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) as appellate counsel, associate general counsel, legislative counsel, and assistant general counsel. From 1985 to 1987, she was a trial attorney for INS in Houston. Ms. Cole is a member of the Maryland State Bar.

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V. Stuart Couch

Attorney General William Barr appointed V. Stuart Couch in August 2019. Mr. Couch received a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1987 from Duke University, a Juris Doctor in 1996 from Campbell University, and a Master of Laws in litigation and dispute resolution in 2008 from The George Washington University. From October 2010 to August 2019, Mr. Couch served as an immigration judge in Charlotte, North Carolina. From 2009 to October 2010, he was in private practice in Charlotte, North Carolina. From 2006 to 2009, Mr. Couch served as a senior appellate judge on the U.S. Navy-Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals in the District of Columbia. From 2003 to 2006, he was assigned to the Department of Defense, Office of Military Commissions as a senior prosecutor for select detainees held at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. From 2001 to 2003, he served as the chief trial counsel and military justice officer for Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. From 1999 to 2001, Mr. Couch was in private practice and served as an assistant district attorney in Beaufort and New Bern, North Carolina. From 1996 to 1999, he served as the chief trial counsel and a special assistant U.S. attorney at Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina. Before attending law school, Mr. Couch served as a KC-130 pilot with Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Squadron 252 (VMGR-252) at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point from 1989 to 1993. Mr. Couch is a member of the North Carolina State Bar.

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Michael J. Creppy

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed Michael J. Creppy in February 2011.  Mr. Creppy received a bachelor of arts degree in 1975 from Fisk University, a juris doctorate in 1978 from Howard University School of Law and a masters of law degree in 1979 from Georgetown University Law Center.  From April 2006 to February 2011, he served as EOIR’s chief administrative hearing officer.  From May 1994 to April 2006, he served as chief immigration judge, overseeing the numerous immigration courts around the country.  Prior to joining EOIR, Mr. Creppy worked for the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) in various capacities: from 1988 to 1994, in the Office of the General Counsel as deputy general counsel for litigation; from 1986 to 1988, as an associate general counsel primarily focusing on the employer sanctions and anti-discrimination provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act; and from 1984 to 1986, as chief legal officer for the INS district office in Los Angeles.  From 1983 to 1984, he served as a trial attorney with the Office of Immigration Litigation, Civil Dvision, Department of Justice.  From 1981 to 1983, Mr. Creppy was a trial attorney for the former INS district office in New York.  From 1979 to 1981 he served as a judicial law clerk for the Superior Court for the District of Columbia.  Mr. Creppy is a member of the District of Columbia Bar.

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Deborah K. Goodwin

Attorney General William Barr appointed Deborah K. Goodwin in August 2019. Ms. Goodwin earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1986 from Wilson College and a Juris Doctor in 2000 from the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law. From February 2017 to August 2019, Ms. Goodwin served as an immigration judge in Miami. From 2015 to January 2017, she served as an associate legal advisor for the District Court Litigation Division, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in the District of Columbia. From 2007 through 2015, she served as an associate counsel for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS, in San Francisco. From 2002 through 2007, she served as an assistant chief counsel for ICE, DHS, and former Immigration and Naturalization Service, in San Francisco. Ms. Goodwin is a member of the Florida Bar.

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Stephanie E. Gorman

Attorney General William Barr appointed Stephanie E. Gorman in August 2019. Ms. Gorman earned a Bachelor of Science in 1996 from California State University Sacramento, a Juris Doctor in 2002 from the Thomas Jefferson School of Law, and a Master of Laws in 2005 from the University of San Diego School of Law. From February 2017 to August 2019, Ms. Gorman served as an immigration judge in Houston. From 2014 to January 2017, she served as an attorney and legal instructor at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, Georgia, for the Office of the Chief Counsel, Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security (DHS). From 2008 through 2014, she served as an assistant chief counsel for the Office of the Principal Legal Advisor, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, DHS. From 2009 through 2012, she also served as a special assistant U.S. attorney for the U.S. Attorney’s Office, Middle District of Florida, Department of Justice (DOJ), in Orlando, Florida. From 2007 through 2008, she served as a judicial law clerk for the Honorable M. James Lorenz, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, in San Diego. From March 2007 to September 2007, she served as a judicial law clerk for the Honorable Roger T. Benitez, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, in San Diego. From 2006 through 2007, she served as an assistant state attorney for the 12th Judicial Circuit, in Sarasota, Fla. From 2003 through 2006, she served in various capacities on the faculty of the Thomas Jefferson School of Law, including as visiting assistant professor of law and senior legal writing instructor and adjunct professor. From 2002 through 2004, she served as an associate attorney for the Law Office of Matthew P. Rocco, in Carlsbad, California. Ms. Gorman is a member of the State Bar of California and the Florida Bar.

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Edward R. Grant

Attorney General Janet Reno Edward R. Grant as a Board Member in January 1998. Mr. Grant received a bachelor of arts degree in 1979 from Georgetown University and a juris doctorate in 1982 from Northwestern University School of Law. From 1995 to 1998, he served as counsel in the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Immigration and Claims. From 1992 to 1995, he served as a deputy associate general counsel, Refugee and Asylum Law Division, and as legislative counsel for INS. From 1987 to 1990, Mr. Grant worked for the Chicago law firm of Hinshaw & Culbertson, and from 1982 to 1984 with the Philadelphia law firm of Drinker Biddle & Reath. From 1984 to 1987, Mr. Grant served as executive director and general counsel of Americans United for Life in Chicago. Mr. Grant is a member of the Illinois State and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Bars.

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Anne J. Greer

Attorney General Michael Mukasey appointed Anne J. Greer in August 2008. Ms. Greer received a bachelor of arts degree in 1980 from Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa., and a juris doctorate in 1992 from George Mason University School of Law, Arlington, Va. From 2003 to 2008, she served as an assistant chief immigration judge. From 1992 to 2003, she worked as a senior panel attorney, supervisory attorney advisor, and attorney advisor for the BIA. From 1989 to 1992, Ms. Greer was a law clerk at the U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of the Chief Administrative Law Judge, in Washington, D.C. She has been an adjunct professor of law at George Mason University School of Law since 1996. Ms. Greer is a member of the District of Columbia and Commonwealth of Virginia Bars.

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John W. Guendelsberger

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed John W. Guendelsberger in August 2009. Mr. Guendelsberger received a bachelor of science degree in 1973 from Ohio State University and a juris doctorate in 1977 from Ohio State University College of Law. He received a master of laws degree in 1987 and a doctor of the science of law degree in 1993, both from Columbia University School of Law, and a diploma of advanced studies in 1992 from the University of Paris I (Pantheon-Sorbonne). From 2003 to 2009, Mr. Guendelsberger served as senior counsel to BIA Chairman. During this time, from 2007 to 2009, he served six-month appointments as a temporary Board member. From 1995 to 2003, Mr. Guendelsberger served as a Board member. He worked for three years as a staff attorney with Ohio Legal Rights Service, a state agency advocating the rights of persons with mental or developmental disabilities. From 1980 to 1995, he was a professor of law at Ohio Northern University College of Law, where he specialized in immigration law, comparative law, and international law. He has written numerous articles in the area of immigration law and has represented aliens on a pro bono basis before Immigration Judges and the Board of Immigration Appeals. Mr. Guendelsberger is a member of the Ohio State Bar.

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Keith E. Hunsucker

Attorney General William Barr appointed Keith E. Hunsucker in August 2019. Mr. Hunsucker received a Bachelor of Arts in 1984 from the University of Akron and a Juris Doctorate in 1987 from the University of Akron School of Law. From August 2010 to September 2017, Mr. Hunsucker served as an immigration judge in Port Isabel, Texas. From September 2017 to August 2019, Mr. Hunsucker served as an immigration judge in Cleveland. From 2000 to August 2010, he worked as a senior instructor for the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Legal Division, Department of Homeland Security, in Glynco, Georgia. From 1992 to 2000, he worked as an attorney for the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), in Atlanta. From 1989 to 1992, he was an attorney for the former INS in Harlingen, Texas. From April 1989 to September 1989, Mr. Hunsucker was a law clerk for the Ohio Court of Appeals, 9th Judicial District. From 1988 to 1989, he was in private practice. From 1987 to 1988, Mr. Hunsucker worked as an INS attorney in the Attorney General’s Honors Program, in San Francisco. Mr. Hunsucker is a member of the Ohio State and District of Columbia Bars.

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Edward F. Kelly

Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch appointed Board Member Kelly to begin hearing cases in January 2017. Board Member Kelly received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1982 and a Juris Doctor in 1987, both from the University of Notre Dame. From March 2013 to January 2017, Board Member Kelly served as deputy chief immigration judge for the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge (OCIJ). From May 2015 to January 2016, he served as assistant director (acting) for the Office of Administration, Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). From March 2011 to March 2013, he served as an assistant chief immigration judge. From November 2007 to March 2011, Board Member Kelly served as senior counsel, chief of staff, and counsel for operations for the OCIJ, EOIR. From 1998 to 2007, he was a senior legal advisor for the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), EOIR. From 1995 to 1998, he served as a supervisory attorney and team leader for the BIA. From 1989 to 1993, and again from 1994 to 1995, Board Member Kelly was an attorney advisor for the BIA. From 1987 to 1989, he served as an assistant counsel, Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and International Law, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. From 1982 to 1984, he served in the U.S. Peace Corps in Gabon, Africa. Board Member Kelly is a member of the Virginia State Bar.

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Ellen Liebowitz

Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch appointed Board Member Liebowitz to begin hearing cases in February 2016. Board Member Liebowitz received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1987 from the University of Delaware and a Juris Doctor in 1990 from the University of Maryland. From 2008 to January 2016, Board Member Liebowitz served as a senior legal advisor to the chairman, Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA). From 2007 to 2008, she was a senior counsel to the chairman, BIA, and from 1991 to 2007, as an attorney advisor for the BIA. Prior to joining the board, she clerked for the Circuit Court for Harford County, Maryland. Board Member Liebowitz is a member of the Maryland Bar.

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Garry D. Malphrus

Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey appointed Garry D. Malphrus in August 2008.  Mr. Malphrus received a bachelor of arts degree in 1989 and a juris doctorate in 1993, both from the University of South Carolina.  From 2005 to August 2008, he served as an immigration judge at the Arlington Immigration Court.  From 2001 to 2005, Mr. Malphrus served as associate director of the White House Domestic Policy Council.  From 1997 to 2001, he worked for the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, which included serving as chief counsel and staff director on the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice Oversight and the Subcommittee on the Constitution.  From 1995 to 1997, Mr. Malphrus served as a law clerk for the Honorable Dennis W. Shedd, U.S. District Judge for the District of South Carolina.  From 1994 to 1995 he was a law clerk for the Honorable William W. Wilkins of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.  From 1993 to 1994, he was a law clerk for the Honorable Larry R. Patterson, Circuit Judge for South Carolina. Mr. Malphrus is a member of the South Carolina Bar.

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Ana Landazabal Mann

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed Ana Landazabal Mann in November 2011. Ms. Mann received a bachelor of arts degree from Rutgers University in 1982 and a juris doctorate from George Washington University in 1985. From 1996 to November 2011, Ms. Mann served as a senior legal advisor to the Chairman of the BIA, during which time she also served as a temporary board member. From 1986 to 1996, Ms. Mann was an attorney advisor for the BIA. Ms. Mann joined DOJ through the Attorney General’s Honors Program when she clerked at the Drug Enforcement Administration from 1985 until 1986. Ms. Mann is a member of the New Jersey State Bar.

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Hugh Mullane

Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey appointed Hugh Mullane in August 2008.  Mr. Mullane received a bachelor of business administration degree in 1989 from Siena College and a juris doctorate in 1993 from Georgetown University Law Center.  From 2005 to 2008, he served as special counsel, Office of Legal Policy, Department of Justice (DOJ).  From 2004 to 2005, he worked as the Director of Immigration Security for the Homeland Security Council at the White House. From 1995 to 2004, he served as a senior litigation counsel, Civil Division, DOJ.  From 1994 to 1995, Mr. Mullane was an attorney with the Federal Trade Commission.  From 1993 to 1994, he was a law clerk for the Honorable David G. Larimer, U.S. District Judge for the Western District of New York.  Mr. Mullane is a member of the District of Columbia and New York State Bars.

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Blair O'Connor

Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch appointed Board Member O’Connor to begin hearing cases in February 2016.  Board Member O’Connor received a Bachelor of Business Administration degree in 1992 from the University of Notre Dame and a Juris Doctor in 1995 from the Valparaiso University School of Law.  From 2002 to 2016, he served as an assistant director, senior litigation counsel, and trial attorney at the Office of Immigration Litigation, Civil Division, Department of Justice.  From 1996 to 2002, he served on active duty in various capacities in the Army’s Judge Advocate General Corps including as legal assistance and claims attorney, prosecutor, appellate defense attorney, and as a law clerk to the U.S. Army Court of Criminal Appeals.  Board Member O’Connor is a member of the Illinois Bar.

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Linda S. Wendtland

Attorney General Michael Mukasey appointed Linda S. Wendtland in August 2008. Ms. Wendtland received a bachelor of arts degree in 1982 from the University of Virginia and a juris doctorate in 1985 from the University of Virginia. From 1996 to 2008, she served as assistant director and senior litigation counsel at the Office of Immigration Litigation (OIL), Civil Division, DOJ. From 1990 to 1996, Ms. Wendtland was in private practice. From 1985 to 1990, she served as a trial attorney at OIL, entering on duty through the Attorney General’s Honor Program. Ms. Wendtland is a member of the District of Columbia and Commonwealth of Virginia Bars.

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Earle B. Wilson

Attorney General William Barr appointed Earle B. Wilson in August 2019. Mr. Wilson received a Bachelor of Science in 1979 from Atlantic Union College and a Juris Doctorate in 1989 from Howard University School of Law. From October 2005 to July 2007, Mr. Wilson served as an immigration judge in Miami; from July 2007 to April 2010, he served as an immigration judge in Orlando, Florida; and from April 2010 to August 2019, he served as an immigration judge in Atlanta. From 1998 to 2004, he served as a senior litigation counsel and trial attorney with the Office of Immigration Litigation, Department of Justice, in the District of Columbia. From 1996 to 1998, he served as an assistant U.S. attorney with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Maryland. From 1992 to 1996, he served as senior counsel at the Securities and Exchange Commission in the District of Columbia. From 1990 to 1992, he was an associate attorney with the law firm of Honigman, Miller, Schwartz and Cohn, in Detroit. From 1989 to 1990, he served as law clerk to the Honorable Joseph W. Hatchett of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit in Tallahassee, Florida. Mr. Wilson is a member of the Maryland State Bar.

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Temporary Board Members

Michael P. Baird

Attorney General Eric Holder appointed Judge Baird in April 2009.  Judge Baird received a bachelor of business administration in 1989 from Clayton State University and a juris doctorate in 1992 from Georgia State University College of Law.  From 2006 to April 2009, Judge Baird served as an assistant district attorney in the Appalachian Judicial Circuit in Georgia.  From 2004 to 2006, he served as a judge in the Municipal Court of Jonesboro, Ga.  From 1997 to 2004, he was Chief Judge for the Magistrate Court of Clayton County, Ga.  From 1995 to 1996, Judge Baird was in private practice.  From 1993 to 1995, he served as senior assistant solicitor general at the Clayton County Solicitor’s Office.  From 1992 to 1993, he was in private practice. From 1986 to 1990, Judge Baird was a police officer with the Lake City Police Department.  From 1998 to 2008, he served as an assistant professor on the adjunct faculty in the university system of Georgia.  Judge Baird is a member of the State Bar of Georgia.

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Beth S. Liebmann

Attorney General William Barr appointed Beth S. Liebmann as a temporary Board Member in March 2019. Ms. Liebmann earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1981 from Brandeis University and a Juris Doctor in 1984 from the University of Miami School of Law. From 2009 to March 2019, she served as senior legal advisor, Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), and during this time she served as a temporary immigration judge in 2017. From 2008 to 2009, she was with the Office of General Counsel, EOIR. From 2006 to 2007, Ms. Liebmann served as a federal court remand attorney, BIA, EOIR. From 1985 to 1995, she served as an attorney advisor, and from 1995 to 2006, she was a supervisory attorney examiner, both for the BIA, EOIR. Ms. Liebmann joined EOIR through the Attorney General’s Honor’s Program, where she served as a judicial law clerk (JLC) for the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge. From 1984 to 1985, she served as a JLC at the Miami Immigration Court. Ms. Liebmann is a member of the District of Columbia and Florida Bars.

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Mark Noferi

Attorney General William Barr appointed Mark Noferi as a temporary Board Member in March 2019. Mr. Noferi earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1996 from Boston College and a Juris Doctor in 2005 from Stanford Law School. From 2017 to March 2019, Mr. Noferi was the senior counsel for immigration, Office for General Counsel, Executive Office for Immigration Review. From 2015 to 2017, he served as an attorney advisor for the Immigration Law Division, Office of General Counsel, Department of Homeland Security. From 2014 to 2015, he served an enforcement fellow for the American Immigration Council. From 2013 to 2014, he served as the visiting associate fellow at the Center for Migration Studies. From 2010 to 2013, he served as an instructor of legal writing at the Brooklyn Law School. From 2009 to 2010, he served as a public interest fellow at the Seton Hall Law School Center for Social Justice. From 2006 to 2007, he served as a clerk for the Honorable Harold Baer Jr., Southern District of New York. Mr. Noferi is a member of the Massachusetts Bar and the New York State Bar.

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Scott Rosen

Attorney General William Barr appointed Scott Rosen as a temporary Board Member in March 2019. Mr. Rosen earned a Bachelor of Business Administration from Emory University and a Juris Doctor from Cleveland State University, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law. From 2008 to March 2019, Mr. Rosen was the chief counsel, Office of the Chief Immigration Judge (OCIJ), Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). From 2006 to 2008, he served as a special counsel in OCIJ, EOIR. From 1998 to 2006, he served in the Office of the General Counsel, EOIR, in a variety of roles, including associate general counsel and senior assistant general counsel. From 1995 to 1998, he served as an appellate counsel in the Office of Appellate Counsel in Falls Church, Virginia. From 1989 to 1995, he worked as a trial attorney with the former Immigration and Naturalization Service in the Miami District Counsel’s Office. Mr. Rosen is a member of the Florida Bar.

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Updated September 16, 2019

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