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Kingdom of Bahrain

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BHR30997December 2006
      1. Are passports issued to persons from an early age in Bahrain?
      2. Are new passports issued at specific intervals in Bahrain?
      3. When are passports renewed in Bahrain?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BHR42505.E - Whether a woman born in Bahrain to an Iranian father and a Bahrain mother and who left Bahrain in 1998 can obtain Bahrain citizenship - April 2004
    • BHR104927.E - Requirements and procedures for a foreigner to sponsor themselves for a residency permit, including procedures for renewal and cancellation; rights available to a foreigner with a self­sponsored residency permit, including cross­border mobility, access to education, employment, and social services such as health care - July 2014

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Children

US Government Reports


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Elections

US Government Reports

  • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
    • CRS Report Bahrain:  Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy - Elections - 2018
    • CRS Report Bahrain:  Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy – April 2021

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Gender

US Government Reports

  • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
    • Women in the Middle East and North Africa: Issues for Congress – 2021
    • Bahrain:  Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy – April 2021
    • Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy - Women's Rights - 2018

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Human Rights

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BHR34946 - June 2009 
      1. Please provide information about the arrest of political activists around 1996, in particular whether an activist would have been tried and sentenced if he was in detention for three years?
      2. Please provide any information about continued harassment by the authorities today, of those who have been detained in the past?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BHR100629.E - Demonstrations held in Manama on 29 and 30 October 2004; numbers and treatment of those arrested and detained; whether those detained have been released; any court or legal action taken against those who participated in these demonstrations or whether they currently face any related charges - October 2005

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International -2022/20232022/2120192017/18
  • Amnesty International Global Report:  Death Sentences and Executions – 2020
  • Amnesty International
    • Window-dressing or Pioneers of Change? An Assessment of Bahrain's Human Rights Oversight Bodies – Nov. 2016
    • Behind the rhetoric: Human rights abuses in Bahrain continue unabated - April 2015
    • Reform shelved, repression unleashed - November 2012
    • Flawed reforms: Bahrain fails to achieve justice for protesters - April 2012
    • Bloodied But Unbowed: Unwarranted state violence against Bahraini protesters - March 2011
    • Crackdown in Bahrain: Human Rights at the Crossroads - February 2011
  • Freedom House - Freedom in the World - 20232022, 2021, 20202019, 2018, 2017
    • Transnational Repression Report - 2021
  • Human Rights Watch - 2022/21
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “Interfere, Restrict, Control” Restraints on Freedom of Association in Bahrain - June 2013
    • Torture Redux The Revival of Physical Coercion during Interrogations in Bahrain - February 2010
    • Routine Abuse, Routine Denial: Civil Rights and the Political Crisis in Bahrain - June 1997

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Justice System

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BHR34946 - June 2009
      1. Please provide information about the arrest of political activists around 1996, in particular whether an activist would have been tried and sentenced if he was in detention for three years?

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Covid-19 Crackdowns - Police Abuse and the Global Pandemic – Dec. 2020
    • Amnesty International Global Report:  Death Sentences and Executions – 2020
  • Human Rights Watch Report - 2022/21
  • Human Rights Watch
    • The Blood of People Who Don’t Cooperate: Continuing Serious Mistreatment of Detainees in Bahrain - November 2015
    • Criminalizing Dissent, Entrenching Impunity: Persistent Failures of the Bahraini Justice System Since the BICI Report - May 2014
    • No Justice in Bahrain: Unfair Trials in Military and Civilian Courts - February 2012
    • For a Better Life: Migrant Worker Abuse in Bahrain and the Government Reform Agenda - October 2012

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Law

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BHR34946 - June 2009 
      1. Please provide information about a 1994 petition calling for nullification of state security law, reinstatement of the 1973 constitution and the return of the dissolved elected parliament?

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Maps

Not Available


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Medical Availability

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • Targets of Retribution Attacks against Medics, Injured Protesters, and Health Facilities - July 2011
  • World Health Organization - Webpage

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

  • CIA - Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) - Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy - Political Groups - 2018
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) - Bahrain:  Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy - April 2021
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) - Bahrain: Issues for U.S. Policy - March 2022

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Religion

US Government Reports

  • Department of State International Religious Freedom Report - 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom  Special Reports
    • Religious Freedom Conditions in Bahrain in 2020 – Dec. 2020
    • Violating Rights – Enforcing the World’s Blasphemy Laws – Dec. 2020
    • Religious Freedom Conditions in Bahrain in 2019 – Feb. 2020
    • Respecting Rights? Measuring the World’s Blasphemy Laws – July 2017

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Sexual Orientation

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BHR105575.E - Situation of sexual minorities, including societal attitudes and treatment by authorities - July 2016

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Report - 2022/21

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Specific Country Issues - Protest / Uprising

US Government Reports

  • Congressional Research Service (CRS)
    • CRS Report Bahrain:  Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy – April 2021

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BHR32705 - December 2007
      1. Please provide any information on demonstrations in June 1996 or on 15 April 2007 where people were arrested.
      2. Was there a large demonstration at Al Saif in Al Manama in 2002?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BHR100629.E - Demonstrations held in Manama on 29 and 30 October 2004; numbers and treatment of those arrested and detained; whether those detained have been released; any court or legal action taken against those who participated in these demonstrations or whether they currently face any related charges - October 2005

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports

  • Australian Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BHR34946 - June 2009
      1. Please provide information on any arrest or detention of Bahrainis returning from overseas travel on the basis of being involved in terrorist plots or training against the Sunni elite?

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Speech / Press / Internet

 

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Timeline

Media


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Trafficking

US Government Reports


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Terrorism

US Government Reports


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Torture

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • Torture Redux The Revival of Physical Coercion during Interrogations in Bahrain - February 2010


Updated December 13, 2023