This is archived content from the U.S. Department of Justice website. The information here may be outdated and links may no longer function. Please contact if you have any questions about the archive site.

1422. Summary Of Changes Made To 18 U.S.C. 32 By The Anti-Terrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act Of 1996

The changes made to section 32 of Title 18 by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214, were effective on April 24, 1996, and consist of the following:

  1. The extraterritorial jurisdiction under 18 U.S.C. §  32(b) was expanded to cover situations where a national of the United States (as defined in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(22)) was (1) on board the aircraft, or would have been on board the aircraft, or (2) a perpetrator of the offense.
  2. "Conspiracy" was added to 18 U.S.C. § 32(a)(7) and § 32(b)(4). Hence, a conspiracy to violate these provisions is now indictable under 18 U.S.C. § 32 and carries the twenty year penalty proscribed by that section and is no longer limited to the five year penalty provided under the general conspiracy statute, 18 U.S.C. § 371.
  3. A violation of 18 U.S.C. § 32 was also made a predicate offense under the money laundering statute, 18 U.S.C. § 1956(c)(7)(D).

[updated August 1999] [cited in JM 9-63.200]

Updated January 17, 2020