Republic of El Salvador

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports
  • State Department - Country Documents
  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • Birth Certificates
      • SLV103772.E - Birth and death certificates, including procedures for issuing them and the information provided by them - June 2011 (PDF)
    • Citizenship
      • ZZZ103512.FE - Whether individuals born of Salvadoran parents in the Mesa Grande refugee camp in Honduras during the 1980s are Honduran citizens - July 2010 (PDF)
    • Identity Documents
      • SLV103771.E - Whether citizens can obtain or replace their Sole Identity Document (Documento Único de Identidad, DUI) from Canada; requirements to obtain, replace and renew DUIs from within El Salvador and the United States; format and appearance of DUI - July 2011 (PDF)
      • SLV102871.E - Changes to and implementation of the Sole Identity Document (Documento Único de Identidad, DUI); - July 2008 (PDF)
      • SLV43441.E - The Personal Identification Card (carnet de identificacion personal); issuing procedure and type of information it contains; distinction from the personal identity card (cedula de identidad personal); whether the government issued this document in 2001 - 2001-2005 (PDF)
    • Travel/Minor
      • SLV103499.E - Documents required and procedures to follow when one parent travels abroad with a minor in the absence of, or without the consent of, the other parent - June 2010 (PDF)
      • SLV103168.FE - El Salvador: Documents required and procedures to follow when one parent travels abroad with a minor in the absence of, or without the consent of, the other parent. - June 2009 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012(PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Law Library of Congress - El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico: Laws governing Travel of Unaccompanied Minors - Aug. 2014 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV40352.E - Laws regarding rape of minors by police and rape in general, and their effectiveness; whether police officers are provided with gender sensitivity training SLV40352.E (2001 to January 2003) - January 2003 (PDF)

International Organizations

  • UNICEF
    • BROKEN DREAMS:Central American children’s dangerous journey to the United States.  Aug. 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

Coalition to stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)

  • Center for Gender and Refugee Studies

    • Childhood and Migration in Central and North America: Causes, Policies, Practices and Challenges. 2015 (PDF)


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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV105260.E - Police corruption and abuse; government measures to fight police corruption and abuse; police oversight mechanisms and their effectiveness; procedures for filing complaints against police officers -  Sept. 2015 (PDF)
    • SLV104089.E - Crime and state efforts to combat crime; state protection programs for victims and witnesses; requirements to access programs; statistics on granted and refused applications for protection; duration and effectiveness of these programs - June 2012 (PDF)
    • SLV104090.E - Police corruption and abuses; police oversight mechanisms and their effectiveness; procedures for filing complaints against police officers for corruption or inaction - June 2012 (PDF)
    • SLV103498.FE - Police corruption and government measures to fight corruption - June 2010 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • In Sight Crime
    • Corruption in El Salvador: Politicians, Police and Transportistas. 2015 (PDF)


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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Participation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV101209.FE - Results of the legislative and municipal elections of April 2006 - April 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/ Racial/Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Pipil

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Pipil (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Lencas

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Lencas (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Cacaopera (Kakawira)

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV105267.E - El Salvador: Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection and support services - Sept. 17, 2015 (PDF)

    • SLV105266.E - El Salvador: Violence against women, including non-domestic sexual violence, legislation, state protection and support services - Sept. 15, 2015(PDF)

    • SLV103187.FE - Violence against women, legislation, and the protection offered to victims (2007 - June 2009) - July 2009 (PDF)
    • SLV103213.FE - El Salvador: Domestic violence; recourse and services available to victims (March 2006-July 2009) - July 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Issue Paper

THE SITUATION OF WOMEN VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE AND OF SEXUAL MINORITIES IN EL SALVADOR.  Sept. 2016

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • The State As A Catalyst For Violence Against Women. March 2016 (PDF)
    • Seperated Families, Broken Ties: Women Imprisioned for Obstetric Emergencies and the Impact on their Families. Dec. 2015 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2018 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011, 2010 (PDF)
  • International Displacement Monetering Centre
    • New humanitarin frontiers - Addressing criminal violence in Mexico and Central America October. 2015 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV105261.E El Salvador: Procedures for reporting a crime and obtaining a copy of a police report; whether a copy of a police report can be obtained by a person who is outside the ountry or by a third person. Sept. 18, 2015 (PDF)

    • SLV105258.E - Crime and state efforts to combat crime; state protection for victims and witnesses, including requirements to access programs, statistics on granted and refused applications for protection, duration and effectiveness of these programs (2012-August 2015) Sept. 2015 (PDF)

    • SLV104091.E - The organizational structure of the National Civil Police (Policía Nacional Civil, PNC) - June 2012 (PDF)SLV103834.FE - The procedure for obtaining a police report; whether this report can be obtained by a person who is outside the country or by a third person - December 2011 (PDF)

    • SLV103166.FE - Crime and the effectiveness of the government and police, including the protection of victims and witnesses (2007-June 2009) - July 2009 (PDF)

    • SLV101079.FE - The organizational structure of the National Civil Police (Policía nacional civil, PNC) anti-kidnapping unit; protection offered to police officers of this unit who receive threats; the manner in which this unit is perceived by other PNC divisions and by the government (March 2006) - March 2006 (PDF)
    • SLV43482.E - The National Civilian Police (Policia Nacional Civil, PNC); recent attempts to fight police corruption; treatment of police officers suspected of being criminals or involved in criminal gangs; whether complaints against the police are treated seriously by government authorities (Updates and replaces SLV37937.E of 27 November 2001) - April 2005 (PDF)
    • SLV43483.E - Crime situation and state protection efforts to combat criminality, including witness protection and international crime-fighting collaboration (2004-March 2005) - April 2005 (PDF)
    • SLV42327.E - Treatment of homosexuals by the authorities and general public 2002-2004 - March 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Reports

  • In Sight Crime
    • Corruption in El Salvador: Politicians, Police and Transportistas
      • Chapter 1. The Infiltrators: Corruption in El Salvador's Police - March 3, 2014 (PDF)
      • Chapter 2. 'Chepe Luna,' the Police and the Art of Escape - March 4, 2014 (PDF)
      • Chapter 3. Operation Chameleon in El Salvador: Anatomy of a Failure - March 5, 2014 (PDF)
      • Chapter 4. How an El Salvador Drug Trafficker Smuggled Cocaine Into the US - March 6, 2014 (PDF)
      • Chapter 5. The Fixer and El Salvador's Missed Opportunity - March 7, 2014 (PDF)

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Law

Citizenship and Electoral Rights

  • European Union Democracy Observatory on Citizenship - El Salvador

US Government Reports

  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV40352.E - Laws regarding rape of minors by police and rape in general, and their effectiveness; whether police officers are provided with gender sensitivity training (2001 to January 2003) - January 2003 (PDF)

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Maps


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Medical Availability

Intergovernmental Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

Non Government Organizations

  • International Crisis Group
    • El Salvador's Politics of Perpetual Violence. Dec. 2017 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

UNHCR

  • Eligibility Guidelines for Assessing the International Protection Needs of Asylum-Seekers from El Salvador. March 2016


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Religion

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), July - Dec. 2010 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2009 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV104903.E - Situation of sexual minorities, including treatment by society and authorities; support services and state protection, including implementation of anti-discrimination legislation (2012-June 2014) - July 2014 (PDF)
    • SLV102872.E - Treatment of homosexuals by the authorities and general public 2002-2004 - July 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • No Safe Place: Salvadorans, Guatemalans and Hondurans seeking asylum in Mexico based on their sexual orientation and/or gender indentity. 2017 (PDF)
  • International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
    • The Violation of the Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Persons in El Salvador - October 2010 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Gangs

US Government Reports
  • State Department - ISSUE PAPER: YOUTH GANG ORGANIZATIONS IN EL SALVADOR - 2007(PDF)
  • Law Library of Congress: El Salvador - Gang Violence, December 2012 (PDF)
  • USAID Profile (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service CRS INSIGHT- Escalating Violence in El Salvador.  Oct. 22, 2015 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - Feb. 2014 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - January 3, 2011 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - Dec. 5, 2009 (PDF)
  • The MS-13 and 18th Street Gangs: Emerging Transnational Gang Threats? - January 30, 2008 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - Oct. 17, 2008 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - Mar. 27, 2008 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - July 27, 2007 (PDF)
  • "Anti-Gang Efforts in Central America: Moving Beyond Mano Dura?" - April 10, 2007 (PDF)
  • Gangs in Central America - May 10, 2005 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV105259.E  - Anti-gang law enforcement efforts, including anti-gang legislation (2011-2015) - Sept. 2015 (PDF)
    • SLV104900.E - The presence and activities of Mara Salvatrucha (MS or MS-13) and of Barrio 18 (Mara 18 or M- 18) in El Salvador, including recruitment; information on measures taken by authorities to fight maras, including legislation and protection offered to victims of the maras (2011-June 2014) - July 2014 (PDF)
    • SLV103773.E - Anti-gang law enforcement efforts, including anti-gang legislation (July 2010 - June 2011) - July 2011 (PDF)
    • SLV103445.FE - The presence and activities of Mara Salvatrucha (MS or MS-13) and of Mara 18 (M18) in El Salvador, recruitment, measures taken by the government to fight the maras, and protection offered to victims of the maras (2008-2010) - June 2010 (PDF)
    • SLV101083.FE - Crime in El Salvador; government actions to fight crime, including crime linked to gangs (maras); international co-operation to fight crime, including gang-related crime. - April 2006 (PDF)
    • SLV101080.FE - The gang called the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13); its activities and recruitment of members; protection offered to witnesses and victims of violent acts perpetrated by gang members. - April 2006 (PDF)
  • Canada Issue Paper
    • El Salvador: Information Gathering Mission Report  - Part 1 Gangs in El Salvador and the Situation of Witnesses of Crime and Corruption.  Sept. 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Crisis Group International
    • Mafia of the Poor: Gang Violence and Extortion in Central America.  April 2017(PDF)
  • InSight Crime
    • MS13 in the Americas. How the World’s Most Notorious Gang Defies Logic, Resists Destruction. 2018 (PDF)

    • Symbiosis: Gangs and Municipal Power in Apopa, El Salvador. 2017 (PDF)

    • El Salvador's Gang Truce: Positives and Negatives - 2013 (PDF)
  • Washington Office on Latin America
    • One Year into the Gang Truce in El Salvador: Can the Funes Administration Turn the Fragile Truce into Sustainable Public Policy? - April 2013 (PDF)
  • The International Human Rights Clinic Human Rights Program, Harvard Law School
    • No Place to Hide: Gang, State, and Clandestine Violence in El Salvador - Feb. 2007 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Kidnappings

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SLV104088.E - Kidnapping and abductions; steps required for kidnapping victims to denounce perpetrators and whether they must identify their kidnappers; information on the anti-kidnapping unit, including information on protection offered to police officers who receive threats - June 2012 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Freedom House

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Timeline

Trafficking

US Government Reports

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Terrorism

None Available


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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF)

     

Updated October 26, 2018

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