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1564. Assaults In General -- 18 U.S.C. §111 And 1114

The primary statutes governing assaults and murder of Federal officers are 18 U.S.C. §§ 111 and 1114. However, the following additional statutes are applicable to specific categories of interference with or assaults on Federal officers: 18 U.S.C. § 245(b)(1)(C) (Forcible interference against a Federal officer because of his/her official duties); 18 U.S.C. § 372 (Conspiracy to Impede or Injure a Federal Officer); 18 U.S.C. § 1859 (Criminal Interference with Surveyors of Public Land); 18 U.S.C. §  3056(d) (Interference with a Secret Service Agent); 18 U.S.C. §  2231 (Assault or Resistance to Search); 19 U.S.C. § 70 (Obstruction of Revenue Officers by Masters of Ships); 21 U.S.C. § 461(c) (Assaults on Poultry Inspectors); 26 U.S.C. § 7212(a) (Assaults on IRS Agents); and 29 U.S.C. § 629 (Interference with Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Personnel).

The kidnapping of a Federal officer covered by 18 U.S.C. § 1114 is a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(5). (See this Manual at 1573.) The assaulting, kidnapping, or murder of a family member of certain Federal officials is covered by 18 U.S.C. § 115. (See this Manual at 1628.)

With the expansion on April 24 1996, of 18 U.S.C. § 1114 to cover all employees of the United States Government, all employees of the Federal Government are now covered under 18 U.S.C. § 111. See Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act, § 727(a), Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214, 1302. The family members of such employees are likewise covered. Former employees and their respective family members are also covered. See this Manual at 1628.

[cited in JM 9-65.600]

Updated January 17, 2020