A: ECAS is part of an overarching information technology modernization effort at EOIR. ECAS was first introduced in July 2018 to phase out paper filing and processing, and to retain all records and case-related documents in electronic format. Now fully implemented at all immigration courts and the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), ECAS supports the full life cycle of an immigration case including: electronic filing of court and appeals documents, processing and receiving filings, maintaining electronic Records of Proceedings (eROPs), preparing case information, conducting a hearing, and adjudicating appeals, while providing cost and time savings for all parties.
ECAS is composed of multiple applications dedicated to different stakeholders, including:
- ECAS Case Portal for attorneys and fully accredited representatives.
- ECAS DHS Portal for Department of Homeland Security (DHS) users.
- ECAS Payment Portal for those paying filing fees related to appeals.
- Respondent Access for unrepresented (pro se) individuals.
Under the e-Government Act of 2002 and Office of Management and Budget Directive M-19-21, Transition of Electronic Records (June 28, 2019), all permanent records in Federal agencies will be managed electronically by December 31, 2022.