Under Title I of the Narcotic Rehabilitation Act (28 U.S.C. §§ 2901 to 2906), certain narcotic addicts charged with a Federal offense may be eligible for civil commitment in lieu of criminal prosecution. An individual may submit to an initial exam to determine if he/she is an addict who is likely to be rehabilitated through treatment. If the court finds such an addict is a proper subject for rehabilitation, he or she will be committed to the custody of the Surgeon General for a period not to exceed 36 months. The pending criminal charge is held in abeyance if the patient is unsuccessful in the rehabilitation program. However, prosecution is resumed if the patient is unsuccessful in the rehabilitation program.
[cited in JM 9-100.500]