1951. Elements Of The Offense Of Failure To Pay Child Support

In order to establish that an individual has violated 18 U.S.C. section 228, the United States must prove that:

  1. There is a known past due child support obligation;
  2. The obligation has remained unpaid for longer than one year OR is an amount greater than $5,000;
  3. The obligation is for a child who resides in another state (interstate flight is not an element of the offense).
  4. The defendant had the ability to pay;
  5. The defendant willfully failed to pay.

[cited in JM 9-74.100]

Updated September 19, 2018